Johnston Lykins papers
Creator: Lykins, Johnston, 1800?-1876
Level of Description: Coll./Record Group
Material Type: Manuscripts
Manuscripts Collection 421
Manuscripts Collection Miscellaneous
Unit ID: 41358
Johnston Lykins was born in Franklin County, Virginia in 1800, his family later moving to Kentucky. He studied medicine at Transylvania University in Lexington and then worked at Native American missions for many years, interacting with numerous tribes in Indiana and Michigan.
In 1828 Lykins married Delilah McCoy, the daughter of Isaac McCoy, a significant missionary and early settler in Kansas long before it became a territory. Johnston and Delilah moved to the Kansas City, Missouri area in 1834, following the Indian Removal Act, and shortly thereafter Lykins helped found the Pottawatomi and Shawnee Baptist Indian Missions in the present-day Johnson County, Kansas area.
In 1843, Delilah McCoy Lykins died of tuberculosis. In 1851 Johnston remarried, to Martha (Mattie) A. Livingston, who had been born in Kentucky in 1824. In 1853 Lykins became the first legal mayor of Kansas City, Kansas (the first mayor was obliged to resign his office). He died in 1876, and Martha remarried to the painter George Caleb Bingham. She died in 1890.
Abstract: The Johnston Lykins papers includes a journal dated 1826-1842, a copy of the November 1841 issue of Shawnee sun newspaper, and a speech to the Old Settlers Association on the life of Daniel Boone, Jr., dated 1872. The Shawnee sun was the first newspaper printed in Kansas. The journal, with scattered entries, recounts events at the Carey Mission among the Michigan Potawatomi and working with the Shawnee in Kansas, among other details Lykins noted about his life.
Space Required/Quantity: 0.36 cubic feet
Title (Main title): Johnston Lykins papers
Scope and Content
Specific Contents Identified:
Headings or descriptors assigned to subsections of the material, for example labels on a particular box or group of boxes.
- 1831-1842: account book
- MS 1307:
Related Records or Collections
Isaac McCoy Papers, manuscript collection 422
John Calvin and Woodson McCoy Papers, manuscript collection 423
Shawnee Baptist Mission
Kansas -- History -- 19th century
Lykins, Johnston, 1800?-1876
American letters -- Kansas -- History -- 19th century
Baptists -- Missions
Indian agents -- Kansas
Indians of North America -- Missions
Missionaries -- Kansas
Physicians -- Kansas