Jump to Navigation

Kansans in U.S. Congress

Territorial Delegates

The territory of Kansas was created in May 1854 amidst much conflict over the issue of slavery in western lands controlled by the United States government. A territorial governor was appointed and the territory's first election was held in late November—voters chose a lone, non-voting delegate to the U.S. Congress.

State Members of Congress, 1861-present

Kansas entered the Union as the 34th state on January 29, 1861, and thereafter its lone representative in the U.S. House of Representatives could cast a vote. But the infant state had only that one representative, elected at large, until 1872 when, due to a substantial increase in its population, Kansas was allotted three seats in the lower house. Two years later, the first congressional districts were drawn and went into effect with the election of November 1874. Congress reapportions its fixed membership every 10 years, and Kansas has enjoyed as many as eight of 435 total seats. The state's population growth has been relatively modest since the 1930s, however, and Kansas opened the 21st century with only four seats in the House of Representative, plus two in the U.S. Senate, of course. Since statehood, 109 different men and four women have represented Kansas in the lower house of the U.S. Congress. The average age for Kansans entering the House of Representatives is just under 49 years, with the youngest being 31 years old (Dudley Doolittle, D., Strong City, 1913-1919) and the oldest almost 74 (Howard S. Miller, D., Morrill, 1953-1955). Not surprisingly, most had some previous experience in public service at the state and local levels, and predictably, the vast majority has had a background in the law. Twelve individuals came to Congress from journalism or publishing, however, and another dozen could be said to have been primarily engaged in agriculture. Republicans have outdone Democrats by a margin of three to one in the number of seats captured: 76 Republicans, 26 Democrats, and 10 members of the People's Party have comprised the state's congressional delegations since 1861. With the exception of Kansas itself, which has been the place of birth for 39 of the 112 Members of Congress, Ohio has been the most prolific supplier of Kansas congressmen with 15, followed closely by Illinois (14) and Pennsylvania (eight).

Kansas Territory In office
Whitfield, John Wilkins 1854-1857
Marcus J. Parrott 1857-1861
Kansas In office District
Martin Franklin Conway 1861-1863  
Abel Carter Wilder 1863-1865  
Sidney Clarke 1865-1871  
David Perley Lowe 1871-1875  
Stephen Alonzo Cobb 1873-1875  
William Addison Phillips 1873-1875; 1875-1879 1st
John Randolph Goodin 1875-1877 2nd
William Ripley Brown  1875-1877 3rd
Thomas Ryan 1877-1885 3rd
Dudley Chase Haskell 1877-1883 2nd
John Alexander Anderson 1879-1885 1st
5th
Samuel Ritter Peters 1883-1885; 1885-1891 At-large
7th
Edmund Needham Morrill 1883-1885; 1885-1891 At-large
1st
Lewis Hanback 1883-1885; 1885-1887 At-large
6th
Bishop Walden Perkins 1883-1885; 1885-1891 At-large
3rd
Edward Hogue Funston 1883-1894 2nd
Erastus Johnson Turner  1887-1891 6th
Harrison Kelley  1889-1891 4th
John Grant Otis 1891-1893 4th
Case Broderick 1891-1899 1st
William Baker 1891-1897 6th
Benjamin Hutchinson Clover 1891-1893 3rd
John Davis 1891-1895 5th
Jeremiah Simpson 1891-1895, 1897-1899 7th
William Alexander Harris 1893-95 At-large
Thomas Jefferson Hudson 1893-1895 3rd
Charles Curtis 1893-1899 4th
1st
Horace Ladd Moore 1894-1895 2nd
Richard Whiting Blue  1895-1897 At-large
Orrin Larabee Miller 1895-1897 2nd
Snyder Solomon Kirkpatrick 1895-1897 3rd
Chester Isaiah Long  1895-1897; 1899-1903 7th
William Alexander Calderhead 1895-1897, 1899-1911 5th
Edwin Reed Ridgely 1897-1901 3rd
Mason Summers Peters 1897-1899 2nd
Jeremiah Dunham Botkin 1897-1899 At-large
Nelson B. McCormick 1897-1899 6th
William Davis Vincent 1897-1899 5th
William Augustus Reeder 1899-1911 6th
Willis Joshua Bailey 1899-1901 At-large
Justin De Witt Bowersock 1899-1907 2nd
James Monroe Miller 1899-1911 4th
Alfred Metcalf Jackson 1901-1903 3rd
Charles Frederick Scott 1901-1907 At-large
2nd
Phillip Pitt Campbell 1903-1923 3rd
Victor Murdock 1903-1907 7th
8th
Daniel R. Jr. Anthony 1907-1915 8th
1st
Edmond Haggard Madison 1907-1911  
Alexander Clark Mitchell 1911-1911  
Joseph Taggart 1911-1917 2nd
Fred Schuyler Jackson 1911-1913 4th
Rollin R. Rees 1911-1913 5th
Isaac Daniel Young 1911-1913 6th
George Arthur Neeley 1912-1915 7th
Dudley Doolittle 1913-1919 4th
Guy Tresillian Helvering 1913-1919 5th
John Robert Connelly 1913-1919 6th
Jouett Shouse 1915-1919 7th
William Augustus Ayres 1915-1921; 1923-33; 1933-1934 8th
5th
Edward Campbell Little 1917-1924 2nd
Jasper Napoleon Tincher 1919-1927 7th
Homer Hoch 1919-1933 4th
James George Strong 1919-1933 5th
Hays Baxter White 1919-1929 6th
Richard Ely Bird 1921-1923 8th
William Henry Sproul 1923-1931 3rd
Chauncey Bundy Little 1925-1927 2nd
Ulysses Samuel Guyer 1927-1943 2nd
Clifford Ragsdale Hope 1927-1943; 1943-1957 7th
5th
William Purnell Lambertson 1929-1945 1st
Charles Isaac Sparks 1929-1933 6th
Harold Clement McGugin 1931-1935 3rd
William Randolph Carpenter 1933-1937 4th
Kathryn O'Loughlin McCarthy 1933-1935 6th
Frank Carlson 1935-1947 6th
John Mills Houston 1935-1943 5th
Edward White Patterson 1935-1939 3rd
Edward Herbert Rees 1937-1961 4th
Thomas Daniel Winter 1939-1947 3rd
Errett Power Scrivner 1943-1959 2nd
Albert McDonald Cole 1945-1953 1st
Wint Smith 1947-1961 6th
Herbert Alton Meyer 1947-1950 3rd
Myron Virgil George 1950-1959 3rd
Howard Shultz Miller 1953-1955 1st
William Henry Avery 1955-1963 1st
2nd
Floyd Breeding 1957-1963 5th
Newell Adolphus George 1959-1961 2nd
Denver David Hargis 1959-1961 3rd
Robert Fred Ellsworth 1961-1963; 1963-1967 2nd
3rd
Garner E. Shriver 1961-1977 4th
Robert Joseph Dole 1961-1963 6th
1st
Walter Lewis, Jr. McVey 1961-1963 3rd
Joe Skubitz 1963-1978 5th
Chester Louis Mize 1965-1971 2nd
Edward Lawrence Winn (Larry), Jr. 1967-1985 3rd
Keith George Sebelius 1969-1981 1st
William Robert Roy 1971-1975 2nd
Martha Elizabeth Keys 1975-1979 2nd
Daniel Robert Glickman 1977-1995 4th
Robert Russell Whittaker 1979-1991 5th
James Edmund Jeffries 1979-1983 2nd
Charles Patrick Roberts 1981-1997 1st
James Charles Slattery 1983-1995 2nd
Jan Meyers 1985-1997 3rd
Richard Nichols 1991-1993 5th
Sam Dale Brownback 1995-1996 2nd
Todd Tiahrt 1995-2011 4th
Jim Ryun 1997-2007 2nd
Jerry Moran 1997-2011 1st
Vince K. Snowbarger 1997-1999 3rd
Dennis Moore 1999-2011 3rd
Nancy Boyda 2007-2009 2nd
Lynn Jenkins 2009-present 2nd
Tim Huelskamp 2011-present 1st
Kevin Yoder 2011-present 3rd
Mike Pompeo 2011-present 4th

Entry: Kansans in U.S. Congress

Author: Kansas Historical Society

Author information: The Kansas Historical Society is a state agency charged with actively safeguarding and sharing the state's history.

Date Created: November 2005

Date Modified: May 2012

The author of this article is solely responsible for its content.