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National and State Registers of Historic Places

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County: Kearny
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Page 1 of 1 showing 3 records of 3 total, starting on record 1


Deerfield Texaco Service Station

Picture of property 105 W. 6th
Deerfield (Kearny County)
Listed in National Register 2007-06-27

Architect: Not listed
Category: vacant/not in use; transportation; commerce

The Service Oil Company, owned by area residents John Campbell and James Doyle, opened the Deerfield Texaco Service Station in 1923. The station opened at a time when petroleum companies were expanding their service to include secondary products such as oil, tires, and mechanical assistance. This station was a "Texaco Registered Restroom." By advertising their clean restrooms with a sign out front, registered stations hoped to attract a broader clientele - including women - in order to sell products other than petroleum. It is nominated for its association with commerce and transportation, and for its architectural representation of a Tudor Revival-style Service Station.



Indian Mound

Picture of property 6 miles SW of Lakin, north side of N River Road
Lakin vicinity (Kearny County)
Listed in National Register 2013-07-17

Architect: N/A
Category: transportation

Even before the Santa Fe Trail was established in 1821, this naturally-occurring rock formation was used as a way-finder by early traders and American Indians for nearby Chouteau's Island. The mound was visible for many miles and, in later years, could easily be seen from Lakin located four miles northeast. After the establishment of trade with Santa Fe, this mound was used to also denote the location of the Upper Arkansas River crossings; thus, this location marked the last major opportunity for travelers to choose between the Mountain or Cimarron routes of the Santa Fe Trail. The earliest written references to this "mound" can be found in the 1825 notes of surveyors George C. Sibley and Joseph C. Brown. The origin of the name "Indian Mound," however, is not known. It was nominated for its national significance in the areas of transportation and commerce.



Santa Fe Trail - Kearny County Segment (Charlie's Ruts)

Picture of property 3 Mi. W of Deerfield on N side of US 50
Deerfield (Kearny County)
Listed in National Register 2013-07-17

Architect: N/A
Category: transportation

The Santa Fe Trail - Kearny County Segment 1, also known as Charlie's Ruts or Bentrup's Ruts, near Deerfield includes twelve intact swales that span approximately 800 feet. Travel over this this segment of the trail likely began in 1821 and ended with the arrival of the railroad in this area 1872. This segment is between the Middle (Cimarron) and Upper Crossing of the Arkansas River in southwest Kansas. This site is owned by the Kearny County Historical Society. It was nominated for its significance in the areas of transportation and commerce, and it has the potential to yield additional information on the use of the trail during its initial period of significance.



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