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First Territorial Capitol - About


Kansas Territory was established in 1854. A number of voters from Missouri cross the border to elect proslavery legislators on March 30, 1855. When the first territorial legislature met July 2 in this building, free-state citizens began calling the session "bogus." Representatives spent a few contentious days in session before adjourning to meet at Shawnee Indian Mission, closer to the Missouri border.


In the summer of 1855 members of the Kansas territorial legislature traveled to Pawnee, adjacent to the Fort Riley military reservation, to attend the first session. There they found that the two-story building where they were to meet was still under construction. more

State Historic Site

The Kansas Legislature requested in 1901 that Congress allow the state to preserve the building where the first territorial legislature was held. It was not until 1927 that the state legislature added an appropriation to the budget for maintenance and repair. The site was listed in the National Register of Historic Places in 1970.


Theresa L. Young, tourist counsellor


Partners of First Territorial Capitol

The Partners of the First Territorial Capitol support the site through event planning and fundraising. The Partners meet on a monthly basis. For more information call the Partners of the First Territorial Capitol at 785-784-5535.