Fort Hays - History
African American "Buffalo Soldiers" are part of the rich Fort Hays history that includes names like General George A. Custer; William "Buffalo Bill" Cody; and James B. "Wild Bill" Hickok. Established in 1865 in the land of the Cheyenne and Arapaho, the fort protected railroad workers and travelers on the Smoky Hill Trail. Learn more about the soldiers and the people they were protecting when you visit Fort Hays. A finalist in the 8 Wonders of Kansas History, and buffalo statue named one of the 8 Wonders of Kansas Art.