Kansas Archeology Training Program Field School -- June 1-15, 2017
Archeological Investigation of the Quixote Site (14JF420)--
No Jousting with Windmills in Jefferson County
The Kansas Archeology Training Program field school will investigate the Quixote site (14JF420), June 1-15, 2017. The Kansas Anthropological Association’s own ingenious gentleman, Milton Reichart of Valley Falls, discovered the site in 1973 and named it for the remnant of a windmill on one of two house or midden mounds (Cervantes 1605). Located on land owned by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, it was one of 17 prehistoric sites evaluated in 1988 for National Register of Historic Places eligibility in the Perry Lake Project Area, which encompasses a segment of the Delaware River and adjacent terrain. The Quixote site is a Late Plains Woodland habitation of the Grasshopper Falls phase (Keehner 2015; Logan 2006; Reichart 1998; Reynolds 1979, 1981). Undisturbed by cultivation, it promises to provide insight into human adaptations around A.D. 500-1000.
Dr. Brad Logan, Research Associate Professor of Archaeology at Kansas State University, will be the principal investigator of the field school. Logan received his M.A. in anthropology from the University of Nevada-Reno and his Ph.D. from the University of Kansas. Before taking his present position at KSU, he was director of the Office of Archaeological Research and senior curator at the KU Museum of Anthropology. Logan has more than 40 years of archeological experience, including fieldwork in the Great Plains, Great Basin, and Europe. He has worked under contract with numerous federal agencies and the National Endowment for the Humanities and directed 16 sessions of the Kansas Archaeological Field School. He also participated in the 2001 KATP field school in Atchison and Doniphan counties. He has published many technical reports and articles in scholarly journals, including The Kansas Anthropologist. His research reflects a broad interest in culture history and process, settlement-subsistence practices, spatial analysis, and environmental archeology (geoarchaeology, zooarchaeology); in particular, he has focused on prehistoric, ceramic-age (ca. A.D. 1-1500) cultures in the central Great Plains. Logan has served as president of the Association of Professional Archaeologists of Kansas, book review editor for Plains Anthropologist, board member of the Plains Anthropological Society, and vice-president of the Nebraska Association of Professional Archeologists.
In the summer of 1988, Logan directed the Perry Lake Project fieldwork, including the testing of 14JF420 (Logan and Fosha 1991). Based on this previous work and subsequent research at other Late Plains Woodland sites, he poses seven research questions that will guide the 2017 field school investigations:
· Does the site represent continuous or periodic occupation?
· Does the fact that the site has two mounds reflect either social organization or population size or both?
· What information about the nature of subsistence and season or duration of occupation may be provided by floral remains?
· How well does the biological assemblage as a whole reflect subsistence practices and seasonality?
· Does the site have structural remains that permit reconstruction of house form?
· What are the form, function, and location of any associated features (e.g., storage pits, hearths, etc.)?
· As posed by Keehner (2015), does the Grasshopper Falls phase, defined primarily on the basis of ceramic ware, merit a separate taxonomic designation when compared to other contemporary cultures of the region?
Note the project start date of Thursday, June 1. While the first day of fieldwork is reserved for people who have participated in a previous KATP field school, the introductory classes and the lab will be open to all that day. Field activities will be available to everyone starting on Friday, June 2. The final day of the project will be Thursday, June 15.
Valley Falls School, USD #338, 700 Oak Street, will be the project headquarters for the artifact processing laboratory, classes, and some evening programs. Indoor and outdoor tent camping will be available there free of charge on a first-come, first-served basis. Valley Falls Riverside Park is another camping possibility for RVs and tents, but lodging options in the immediate area are limited.
Four classes will be offered for college credit through Emporia State University, for KAA certification credit, or simply for the information: Archeological Fieldwork, Archeological Site Survey, Cultural Reconstruction, and Architectural Buildings Survey.
Further details of the KATP field school will be included in the registration packet, which will be posted on this web site (http://www.kshs.org/14622) around March 1 but also available in hard copy upon request. The packet will contain forms for KAA and/or Kansas Historical Foundation (KHF) membership; registration and scheduling forms; options for lodging, camping, and food; a map of pertinent project locations; a list of recommended equipment; instructions for enrollment in formal classes; details about the KAA certification program; and a schedule of accompanying activities.
Registration forms submitted/postmarked by May 1 qualify for a participation fee of $20 for KAA and KHF members and $80 for nonmembers. After May 1, the participation fee increases to $30 for members and $90 for nonmembers.
Although field and laboratory activities continue without stopping for the 15-day period, volunteers may participate for a single day or the entire time. Participants must be at least 10 years of age, and those younger than 14 must plan to work with a parent or other sponsoring adult at all times. A legally responsible adult must accompany participants between 14 and 18 years of age.
The KSHS and the KAA do not discriminate on the basis of disability in admission to, access to, or operation of their programs. The KSHS requests prior notification to accommodate individuals with disabilities or special needs. To make special arrangements, contact Virginia Wulfkuhle at 785-272-8681, extension 266.