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Kansas Historical Quarterly - As Published - August 1939

August 1939 (Vol. 8, No. 3), pages 322 to 333
Transcribed by lhn;
digitized with permission of the Kansas Historical Society.

The history of School District No. 28 (Little River) was sketched by Hale Stephenson and George Root in a two-column article in theLittle River Monitor, January 20, 1938. A. G. Wolfe taught the first school which was started November 17, 1879.

Early-day experiences on the Kansas plains of Decatur Stout (Dick) Rees, trapper, Indian scout and pioneer settler of Ottawa county, were published in the MinneapolisBetter Way, February 10 and 17, 1938.

"Winchester as She Was," a story of early events by Mrs. Althea Curry, was printed in the WinchesterStar, February 18, 1938. The Leavenworth Times also included a historical sketch of the town by George Remsburg in its issue of June 8, 1939.

The founding of Harper in 1877 and several historical events of the years following were mentioned by Louis Walton in the HarperAdvocate, February 24 and March 3, 1938.

Historical notes and reminiscences, under the title "History of Kincaid," were published in the KincaidDispatch each week from March 3 to April 14, 1938. Similar material was also recorded in the Dispatch in its issue of June 30, which marked the paper's fifty-first anniversary.

Peter Robidoux, pioneer storekeeper, rancher and land baron of Wallace, was the subject of an illustrated article appearing in the SalinaJournal, March 7, 1938. It was reprinted in the JunctionCity Union, Sharon Springs, March 14 andThe Western Times, March 17.The Western Times on August 25 issued a special illustrated historical edition featuring articles on Robidoux, Sharon Springs, Wallace, Fort Wallace and the Smoky basin cave-in.

Early efforts at irrigation in western Kansas were discussed in a two-column article inThe Sherman County Herald, Goodland, in March 10, 1938.

Reminiscences of life in Junction City since 1879, by Mrs. L. N. Carr, appeared m the Junction CityUnion, March 28, 1938.

The history of the Republic county courthouse was briefly outlined in the ScandiaJournal, April 7, 1938.

A scrapbook of articles contributed to the Pittsburgh Gazette by Josiah Copley in 1867 is owned by the Saline County Historical So

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ciety. The articles, bearing the title "Kansas and the Country Beyond," were written by Copley while he was a guest on the Kansas Pacific railroad's special excursion 'train from the East. Mr. Copley's articles were discussed by the SalinaJournal in its issue of April 21, 1938.

Mrs. Mable Mahin recalled early events in Kensington in the KensingtonMirror, April 21, 1938. A brief biography of one of the first settlers, Dr. A. E. Lapham, was contributed to the same issue by a granddaughter, Mrs. Carl Molzahn.

The history of the Marion post office since 1860 was reviewed by Mrs. William Burkholder in the MarionReview, April 27 and May 4, 1938.

Alfred E. Gledhill, of Gaylord, outlined some early newspaper history of Portis in the PortisIndependent, May 26, 1938. McPherson celebrated its sixty-sixth birthday on May 28, 1938. The McPhersonDaily Republican of May 27 printed a story of the organization of the McPherson Town Company and the coming of the first settlers.

Recollections of New Chicago, now a part of Chanute, and its rival settlement, Tioga, were published in the ChanuteTribune, June 16, 1938. The late Mrs. Charles T. Beatty, who came to New Chicago in 1870 soon after its settlement, was interviewed by Fletcher Maclary for theTribune, which had also recorded an interview with her on May 27.

Pioneer days in Bern, Nemaha county, as described by Mrs. F. W. Lehman and first printed in the BernGazette, June 4, 1931, were republished in the Sabetha Herald on June 1, 1938.

The HumboldtUnion of June 2, 1938, announced the publication of a historical booklet in connection with the seventy-fifth anniversary of the founding of the Humboldt Lutheran church.

Personal recollections and historical notes of Kiowa county, written by J. L. Coates forThe Kiowa County Signal, of Greensburg, appeared during July, August and September, 1938.

The RobinsonIndex in its issues of August 11 to September 1, 1938, published historical material relating to the town as taken from its files, and particularly from its Kansas day edition of 1900.

Al J. Smith, of Halstead, possesses an unusually fine collection of old firearms and early Kansas relics, the HalsteadIndependent, of August 12, 1938, reported.

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The history of Wolcott (Wyandotte county), formerly called Conner, was outlined in the LeavenworthTimes, August 15, 1938. A history of Bison was prepared for the town's fiftieth anniversary celebration by William Crotinger and appeared in the OtisReporter and the La CrosseChieftain on August 18, 25 and September 1, and in the La CrosseRepublican on August 25 and September 1, 1938. The seventy-fifth anniversary of Quantrill's raid on Lawrence was the occasion for a historical review of the incident in the LawrenceDaily Journal-World, August 20, 1938.

The Spring Hill New Era on August 25, 1938, announced that the Ohio Society of Spring Hill was sponsoring a movement to preserve the city's historic hotel. September 25, 1938, marked the fiftieth anniversary of the formation of the Kansas district of the Lutheran church. The White CityRegister of September 8 reported that the district was organized in Leavenworth with 30 pastors and 27 congregations, and now numbers 132 pastors and 30,000 members. Historical notes and recollections of Cherokee county and the city of Columbus by Ed C. Williams, a former resident, were printed in the ColumbusDaily Advocate, September 24, 30 and October 3, 1938.

A historical sketch of Nemaha county, including the establishment of towns and townships, appeared in the SabethaHerald, October 19, 1938. The facts were obtained from a progress report issued by the Nemaha County Planning Board. The history of the Hanston Baptist church, organized on February 8, 1911, was reviewed in the Jetmore Republican, October 20, 1938.

A four-column article entitled "A Sketch of Early Days and Settlers of the White City Vicinity," by Nellie Wallace, was published in the White CityRegister, October 20, 1938. The Register reported that Miss Wallace has for several years been collecting material for a history of White City and the surrounding region.

The reminiscences of Mrs. E. Rasmussen, of Stafford, a pioneer school teacher of Turon, were printed in the TuronPress, October 20, 1938.

A historical sketch of the military post of Fort Scott by H. T. Wilson, a sutler, which appeared in the Fort ScottPioneer for July 5, 1877, was quoted in the daily Fort Scott Tribune of October 29, 1938, and in the weekly Tribune of November 3.

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"Earliest Beginnings in Pawnee County," an article by Isabel Worrell Ball, was printed in the LarnedChronoscope, November 3, 1938. In the same and the succeeding issue, Jessie Bright Grove, secretary of the Pawnee County Historical Society, reviewed the early settlement and organization of the county.

Life in Kinsley in the latter 1870's was described in the KinsleyMercury, November 3, 1938, by Mrs. Walter Robley, a former resident.

Historical articles of interest to Kansans featured in recent issues of the Kansas City (Mo.)Times include: "Rich Material for Moviemakers in the Story of Old Dodge City," by Paul I. Wellman, January 3, 1939; "The Beginning of a Famous Novel in Edna Ferber's Visit to Kansas," January 24; "Notable Generation in G. 0. P. Arrived With Kansas Day Club" in 1892 (the founders quickly rose to places of power after their historic protest against party rule of "The Bills"), January 27; "New Markers Prepared For Chain of Historical Sites in Kansas," by Cecil Howes, March 30; "Forgotten Pathfinder [Jedediah Strong Smith] of the West Started Last Adventure at Westport," by J. P. G., March 31; "Border Trouble and Indian Wars Could Not Stop This Cattle Drive [of Nelson Story, an adventurer, who in 1866 drove a herd of longhorns from Texas north into Kansas, then northwest through Nebraska and Wyoming to the Gallatin valley of Montana]," by Paul I. Wellman, April 13; "Spring Comes Again to Shawnee Mission," (a poem) by Dorothy Brown Thompson, and "Methodists Introduced New Crafts to Shawnee Indians [at Shawnee mission] a Century Ago," April 27; "Last Indian Massacre in Kansas [Sappy creek neighborhood] Recalled Vividly by [Mrs. Emmett Martin, of Eagleville, Mo.] a Witness," by Paul I. Wellman, May 8; "Leader's [Col. H. L. Moore] Diary of Heroic March of the Kansas 19th in 18681869 [organized to rescue whites kidnaped by Cheyenne Indians]," May 31; "Catholic Church Here [Kansas City, Mo.] Was Founded by French More Than Century Ago," June 5; "Old Cattlemen Still Laugh About the Range's Great `Legal Rustle"' in which John Chisum (owner of the famous Long Rail and Jingle Bob brand in New Mexico, the man who started the Lincoln county cattle war in which "Billy the Kid" rode to fame) sold a herd of 20,000 to Robert D. Hunter of the Hunter and Evans Commission Co. of Kansas City, Mo., and was paid in some of his own unredeemed and all but forgotten notes, June 9, and "Fights and Disasters Attended Arrival of Barbed Wire in West," by Paul I. Wellman, June 16.

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Among the articles of historical interest written by Victor Murdock and published in the Wichita(Evening) Eagle in recent months were: "Fashioning State's Fabric By Trekkers Who Came Here in the Covered Wagons," January 3, 1939; "Wagon Trains From Kansas That Carried Homeseekers Into the State of Texas," January 9; "Case of Over-production in the Supply of Meat Here With Steak at Record Low," in 1872-1873, when the destruction of the buffalo for the profit from its hide left no market for the flesh, January 11; "Evidence Is Authentic That Lumber Was Rafted Down the Arkansas Here," January 13; "Favorite Stomping Ground of the Big Game of the Prairies Was Located Down in Barber County, Kansas," February 8; "What Whisky in Earliest Day Cost First Settlers Here by Drink, Quart and Gallon," February 10; "Of Frederic Remington And of the Halt He Made on Prairies of Kansas," February 16; "Equipment of a Tavern That Was Built of Logs in the Earliest Wichita," February 20; "Of Albert Lewellen, Five, First White Child Here to be Buried on the Hill," February 23; "Kansan's Place of Birth Proved a Life Preserver in Bloody Quantrill Raid," February 25; "Figuring Out the Reasons Why Cattle Trail Terminals Shifted West From Wichita," February 27; "Luxury Came to Wichita for the First Time in 1870 With Flood of New Settlers," March 3; "When the Reverend Mr. Dotson Was Spreading the Gospel to People of Prairie Town," March 4; "Of Trails Without Terminals Stretching Before Vision of the Prairie Pioneers," March 7; "That Indian Legend of Gold in the Wichita Mountains Not as Good as Memories," March 13; "Barter Born in Wichita With the Early 1870 Flood of Settlers to Reach Here," March 17; "Growth in Use of Metal Which Is Making Wichita the Prairie Steel Center," March 30; "Replacing the Trees on the Kansas Prairies Killed by the 1935 Drought," April 6; "Enmity Motor-Cars Met in Some Quarters Here When They First Came," April 11; "First Legal Sensation to Excite Wichitans Failed in Prosecution," April 14; "What, in Twinkling of Eye, Horace Prescott, Wichita, Saw Happen to Oklahoma," April 19; "Fifty Years of Oklahoma, the Vision of Dave Payne, and Some Early Wichitans," April 21; "He [L. R. Delaney] Discharged a Duty and Performed a Service in Hour of Great Need" in Guthrie, Okla., April 22; "Adventures of Wichitan, Ed. Moore, in Early Days as an Oklahoma Pioneer," April 24; "Early Prairie Physician and What His Charge Was for Day and for Night Visits," April 28; "Early Glimpse of [Wilbur Lee] O'Daniel Lone Star State Chief on the Streets of Kingman," May 10; "Youthful

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Mine Experience of Vic Tanner of Wichita in the Coal Corner of Kansas," May 11; "When Rosalyn Lowe, Now Mrs. C. M. Sawtelle of Peabody, Came to Kansas Overland From Wisconsin Sixty-Five Years Ago," May 13; "When Southwest of Wichita [1868] the Men at Camp Starvation [expedition of the Nineteenth Kansas cavalry sent to rescue women kidnaped by Indians] Were Unable to Go Farther," May 16; "One Old Chest of Walnut in Wichita Came to Kansas [unloaded at Westport landing in 1857] Some Eighty-Two Years Ago," May 19; "Of Frederick H. Beecher [who went down fighting in the dramatic set-to with the Indians on the island in the Arickaree] Whose Name Was Once Given to This Point on the Map," May 26; "'Loose Him' Cried Capt. [David L.] Payne With His Eyes Flashing Fire and His Order Was Obeyed," May 30; "Bride [Mrs. Dow Wemple] at Pioneer Wedding in Sedgwick County Who Made Her Own Cake," May 31; "How Six Hard Biscuits Bought for a Pioneer the Bible He Had Missed," June 2; "Saved Cattle Movement From Texas Up This Way by Building a Railroad," June 3; "Firms Which Did Business in the Rival Metropolis [Park City] Wichita Wiped Off the Map," June 7; "When Food Finally Came to Starving on Prairies Self-Denial Was Mandatory," June 9; "One Plant Wichita Lost Introduced Steel Posts to World Thirty Years Ago," June 13; "When Two Ragged Women [Sarah White and Anna Belle Morgan] Rescued From Captivity Returned to Civilization," June 16.

Included among the historical feature articles printed in the Kansas City (Mo.)Star, were: "Keeping Up With Kansas Farming a 50-Year Job for Jake Mohler," by Cecil Howes, January 11, 1939; "John Brown's Hideout in Iowa," a drawing, February 5; "Trails Offered Action and Wealth Before the Old West Was Fenced In," by Paul I. Wellman, February 9; "East and West Hear More About Versatile Kirke Mechem of Kansas," by Paul I. Wellman, February 17; "Rich Benefits to Farmers of Kansas in a Half Century of Experiments," by Cecil Howes, February 20; "Doc Barton Revisits Dodge City, Recalls Heyday of Cow Capital," by C. C. Isely, March 29; "Another Great `Red Necktie Day' for Dr. [W. L.] Burdick and Mt. Oread," by Cecil Howes, April 17; "The Blue Grass Turns Green Again in the Kansas of John J. Ingalls," by Cecil Howes, April 19; "Walter Huxman Justifies Pride of the Pretty Prairie People," by Cecil Howes, May 18; "Challenge of the New Frontier Is Read by William Allen White," in addressing the graduating class of Indiana University, June 6; "Nebraska and Kansas

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Staged a Hilarious Show for the Gay Grand Duke Alexis of Russia Sixty-seven Years Ago," by H. V. B., June 8.

During February and March, 1939, the NatomaIndependent published several articles dealing with the community's history. Stories of Natoma by Twila Hoskins and Ruth Pfortmiller, high school students, appeared in the issues of February 2 and 16. An article on a journey of the Hammonds from Wisconsin to Kansas in 1878 was printed in theIndependent, February 23. It was a reprint from the issue of July 17, 1930. Pioneer reminiscences of M. C. Brown originally published in theIndependent, March 5, 1911, was reprinted in the issue of March 2, 1939, and also in the ParadiseFarmer, March 6.

Articles of historical interest relating to Kansas appearing in recent months in the Magazine Section of the WichitaSunday Eagle were: "Horse and Buggy Doctor' Creates Stir in Medical World," by Harold Streeter, February 5, 1939; "Kansas Woman Recalls Tragedy of Lincoln's Assassination," by Harry Peebles, February 12; "Wichitan Recalls Lucas' Famous Ride Warning of Indian ;Raid," by Arch O'Bryant, March 19; "Dodge City to Again Become Cow Town for Movie Premiere," by Francis Heacock, March 26; "Harper County Tour Shows Farmers Turning to Livestock," by Bruce Behymer, March 26.

Fred Redmond and Herbert Leiker, workers on the Works Progress Administration's Historical Records Survey, compiled a brief history of Gove county which was printed in the GrinnellRecord-Leader, February 16, 1939.

Featuring the "World Premiere" of the motion picture "Dodge City" April 1, the Dodge CityDaily Globe issued a special thirty page edition March 29, 1939. Included among the articles of historical interest published in this issue were: "Stage Routes Raided Early"; "Soule Ditch Caused Stir"; "An Art to Hit Buffalo"; "Caches Lure Gold Hunters"; "No Myth in Dodge Claims," by F. A. Etrick; "[Dodge City's] Four Eras of History"; "Round Up to 20,000"; "Politics Not a Pink Tea"; "Kinsley Woman [Mrs. M. J. C. Rhoads] Saw Sacking of Lawrence"; "Dodge City History Linked to the Santa Fe Trail," by Jay B. Baugh; "'Doe Barton,' the Last of the Cattle Kings," by C. C. Isely; "This Baton [a revolver] Got Results" and "Cowboy Preacher Found Junction City Tough."

Reminiscences of A. J. Bieber, of Bazine, who went to Rush county in 1879, were recorded under the heading "Pioneer Days in

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Kansas," in the La CrosseChieftain and the OtisReporter in their issues of March 30, 1939.

The KingmanJournal celebrated its fiftieth birthday anniversary by issuing a twenty-four page historical edition March 31, 1939. Of special interest is the front-page article, "The KingmanJournal Has 50th Birthday Anniversary," in which the writer traces the history of the Journal through its hardships and vicissitudes. Special articles were devoted to the development of Kingman's industries, and histories of the county and the city's business institutions were featured.

A special edition entitled, "Wichita's 68th Anniversary Dedicated to Industry and Commerce," was issued by the WichitaSunday Eagle, April 16, 1939. A historical sketch of Great Bend, one of a series of articles featuring the ten towns and cities in the United States with the word "Bend" in their titles, was printed in the Great Bend Tribune, May 3, 1939.

Early experiences in northwest Kansas were recalled by Mr. and Mrs. Henry M. Anthony in the SeldenAdvocate in issues from May 4 to June 3, 1939.

The Junction CityRepublic for May 11, 1939, includes a souvenir section describing the early years of the Union Pacific railroad in Kansas.

A brief history of the Kansas Avenue Methodist church was featured in the TopekaState Journal, May 20, 1939. The church was chartered May 25, 1869. "Progress Marks Lindley's Term," was the caption of the seventyfifth anniversary edition of theUniversity Daily Kansan, of Lawrence, issued May 28, 1939. The "Anniversary Index" of the thirty-four page edition lists four sections. "Section A," in addition to the regular campus news, contains special articles by William A. White, Raymond Clapper, Harry H. Woodring, Theodore C. Alford and Alfred M. Landon. "Section B" is devoted to the history of the schools and departments."Section C" presents the social life at the university as seen through its many activities and organizations. "Section D" features athletics, rating James Aloysius Bausch, "Jarring Jim," as the greatest athlete graduated from the University of Kansas, Glenn Cunningham trailing him as a close second. James A. Naismith and F. C. Allen were rated as "Two Doctors Famous in Kansas Sports." The picture section showed, among

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other things, pictures of seven of the eight men who served as chancellor of the university.

The early history of Ellis, from 1873 to 1883, was recalled by Mrs. Jessie Bell Ormerod, a pioneer settler, in the EllisReview, June 1 to 22, and July 6 and 13, 1939.

"Pioneer Rural Route Days," relating the experiences of Warren Zimmerman as a rural mail carrier at Portis, was the title of an article in the PortisIndependent, June 8, 15 and 22, 1939.

The story of Silkville, a town organized on a communal plan in the 1870's by Ernest Valeton de Boissiere, a French philanthropist, was told by Jennie Small Owen in the TopekaState Journal, June 19, 1939. The land on which the town was located is now a Franklin county farm.

Celebrating its sixtieth birthday the OberlinHerald published a fifty-six page anniversary edition June 29, 1939. Included in the seven sections of the paper were historical sketches of Decatur county by Glenn Rogers and Mrs. Sarah J. Harvie, histories of its schools, churches and industries, sketches of the towns of Jennings and Norcatur, and stories of Oberlin's civic organizations, fraternal and social groups, and other phases of community activity. A his- tory of the newspaper was outlined. TheHerald also printed a list of county officers from the organization of the county, and the minutes of the first meeting of the board of county commissioners. More than 500 pictures were featured.

The Clark County Clipper of Ashland, June 29, 1939, printed an article by Mrs. Dorothy Berryman Shrewder, historian for the Clark county Council of Women's Clubs, on the establishment of the Benedictine monastery "Bueffel Au" on Mount Cassino, north of present Ashland, in 1876. The article was prepared from papers of the Rev. Gerard Heinz, O. S. B., who was told the story by one of the founding party, Brother Andrew Allermann. A drawing made from memory by Father Boniface Verheyen, 0. S. B., which shows the group of buildings that comprised the monastery, accompanied the article. Both story and cut were republished in the WichitaEvening Eagle, July 7.

Early Santa Fe trail history was discussed in theNew Mexico Historical Review, of Santa Fe, in the July, 1939, issue. The "Report of the Commissioners on the Road From Missouri to New Mexico, October, 1827," edited by Buford Rowland, described topographical features of the region, relations with Indians, and the work

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of surveying the route. This report, which was for many years forgotten in the files of the secretary of the senate of the United States, is now in the National Archives. The field notes of Joseph C. Brown, the surveyor who accompanied the expedition, were printed in the Eighteenth Biennial Report of the Kansas Historical Society (1913), pp. 117-125.

An article by Allan E. Paris in the LeavenworthTimes of July 2, 1939, related the story of Mrs. Lizzie Allen, a 100-year-old ex-slave, who has lived in Leavenworth since 1859.

Raiding of a Mound City saloon in 1861, in the manner made famous many years later by Carrie Nation, was described by Theodore W. Morse in the Mound CityRepublic, July 6, 1939.

A two-column story of an early negro settlement near Burlington, by Dan M. Hatch, was published in the GridleyLight, July 13,1939. The TopekaDaily Capital issued a 172-page sixtieth anniversary edition July 16, 1939. Page one of "Section A" presents an artistic arrangement of cover pictures of the Capper family's ten publications with their 4,263,292 subscribers. Leading articles of this section included such titles as: "Senator Capper's Personal Career," "Capital's Genealogy Started With First Free-State Paper," "Capital Carries on Through 60 Years," "General Manager [H. S. Blake] the Hub," "Glimpse Behind the Scenes in Capital's Editorial Room Where All News Is Handled," "Big Circulation Department Keeps Capper Publications Going to Millions of Readers," "Through Sixty Years Capital's Advertising Dept. Plays Big Roll in Kansas `Way of Life,'" "Copper Advertising Agency Among Best in United States; Branches in All Big Cities," "WIBW Grew With Big Radio Industry." Other articles related to the nine other Capper publications.Capper's Weekly, Kansas CityKansan,Household Magazine,Missouri Ruralist,Ohio Farmer,Capper's Farmer,Kansas Farmer,Pennsylvania Farmer, andMichigan Farmer. "Section B" featured banking, building and loan and insurance companies. Among the leading articles of this section were: "Banks Flourished Along With State," "Kansas Insurance Companies Contribute Materially to Industry and Agriculture," "Building and Loan Is Firm," "Kansas Bank Laws Have Kept Pace With Progress of State, Today's Institutions Strong." "Section C" told of the history and growth of Topeka's industries and public utilities. Some of its leading articles were: "Industrial Development Law to Promote Economic Growth Launches New Era for Kansas," "Topeka's Industrial Growth Ful-

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filled Dreams of Founders . . .," "Mother Nature Very Liberal in Distribution of Resources . . .," and "Phones to Kansas in 1879." "Section D" presented the automotive industry and high ways. Included among its outstanding articles were: "Automobile Industry Changes American Way of Life in Brief Span of Forty Years," "Kansas Highway Department Organized to Keep 10,000 Miles of Roads in Shipshape," "Transportation in Process of Evolution Since Advent of Motorcar, Better Highways," and "Railroads Help Tame Great American Desert." "Section E" dealt with the farm, college and church. Its leading articles included: "Kansas a Leading Farm State Since Pioneers Broke Plains and Tamed the Wilderness," "Civilizations Rise or Fall Upon Condition of Nearby Soil, Say Conservationists," "Washburn College Has Long Served People of Kansas," "University of Kansas 75 Years Old," "A Brief History of Organized Religion in Topeka." "Section F," devoted to retail and wholesale, contained such articles as: "From an Humble Beginning, Topeka Forged Ahead Until It Now Has 75,000 Population," "Businessmen Founded Topeka Made It Into One of Best Cities of Its Size in Country," "Topeka C. of C. Dates Back Sixty Years," "Old Santa Fe Trail Paved Way for a Great Railroad." "Section G," a "Retail - Historical" feature, presented articles on, "Topeka's Fine Park System Best in Whole Middle West, Constantly Growing Better," "State Historical Society's Collection of Kansas Annals Dates Back to Pioneer Times," "Shawnee County Has Cared for Needy, Aged and Blind During the Long Depression." Important historical articles were interspersed here and there with such titles as: "Congress Opened Kansas," "Bogus Legislature Chose Lecompton for Capital," "Youngsters Wrote Kansas Constitution," "Southerners Felt Kansas Worth Taking," "Horse Thieves Were Hanged in Early Days," "Jayhawkers Were Rough on Missourians," "Heavily-Armed Southerners a Menace," "First Governor Was Impeached," "Kansas Negro Citizens Keep Pace With State and Nation," "Mennonites Brought Winter Wheat," "Populists Had Short, Merry Existence," "Y. M. C. A. Celebrates Sixtieth Anniversary With Capital . . . ," "Topeka Y. W. C. A. 52 Years Old . . . ," "Droughts, Storms, Locusts, Good Crops, Failures, Panics, Made Kansans Courageous," "War Claims Used to Erect Memorial Hall," and "Third Kansas Generation Treks Back on Trail Over Which Their Pioneer Ancestors Came." Other articles dealt with Sheriff S. J. Jones, John Brown, Republican party in 1856, Horace Greeley, John C. Fremont, Marais des Cygnes mas-

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sacre, Topeka vigilantes, buffalo herds, goldfields of west Kansas, Kansas colleges, Kansas pioneer towns, cooperatives marketing, WPA and PWA projects, 4-H club, girls' and boys' scout work.

An account of some pioneer Caldwell history by Grant Harris, an early-day printer on the CaldwellPost, appeared in the CaldwellDaily Messenger, July 24, 1939. Originally printed in the Wagoner (Okla.)Tribune, the story told how the "toughest town on the border had been tamed."

"The Life of Ann Lynch McPhillips," by Kathleen Grennan, was published in the JamestownOptimist, July 27, 1939. Mrs. McPhillips came to Kansas in 1870, and in 1871 settled with her husband and children near Jamestown.

Experiences as a member of a freighting crew working between Palermo, Kan., and Fort Kearney, Neb., in 1865 were recalled by A. A. Campbell inThe Kiowa County Signal, Greensburg, August 3, 1939.