Kansas Historical Quarterly - As Published - November 1942
November 1942 (Vol. 11, No. 2), pages 419 to 418.
Transcribed by lhn;
digitized with permission of the Kansas Historical Society.
Dr. Ernst F. Pihlblad's reminiscences of Bethany College have been appearing in a series of articles in The Kansas Conference Lutheran, Lindsborg, under the title, "By-Gone Days." The series began with the issue of September, 1941.
Stories of interest to Kansans in recent issues of the Pony Express Courier, of Placerville, Cal., include: "Lawyers Milk 'Em Dry in Marysville," a lawsuit to determine the ownership of a twenty-five dollar calf, by Gerald F. Harrington, December, 1941, and January, 1942; "Legend of Father Padilla's Coffin," by H. E. Whiteside, February; "Was Wild Bill Hickok a Hero, or Murderer?" by J. G. Ellenbecker and Guy Giffen, and a biographical sketch of Albert Lowe, plainsman, by George J. Remsburg, August.
Among recent articles of historical interest in the Kansas City (Mo.) Star are the following: "New Fellowship Fund Will Crown Olin Templin's Long Service to K. U.," by Theodore M. O'Leary, December 6, 1941; a biographical sketch of W. C. Simons, publisher of the Lawrence Journal-World, who was completing fifty years of newspaper work in Lawrence, December 10; "Two Kansans [Henry Ware Allen and Carleton Beals] View the Good Old Days With Contrasting Emotions," by H. V. B., February 6, 1942; "Bicycle Age Dawned in Kansas City With an Odd Sight Sixty Years Ago," by Lynne B. Green, February 21; "A Double Lynching With Eight Hanged Only a Part of the Excitement Recalled by J. M. Satterthwaite in the Days of the Augusta-Eldorado County Seat War," by Paul I. Wellman, March 15; "Ben Hibbs Takes Pretty Prairie Faith to Saturday Evening Post," by John Shively, March 30; "A 15Year-Old Bride [Mary Easton Sibley] at Ft. Osage Became the County's First Lady," by Frances W. Kerr, April 3; "The Wisdom of Bishop Wise Uplifts a State," by Paul I. Wellman, April 5; "Army's New Chief of Operations [Maj. Gen. Dwight Eisenhower] Headed For the Navy From Kansas," by Duke Shoop, April 11; "Ft. Riley's Cooking School Makes Mass Feeding an Art," by Anna Margaret Riepma, April 12; "Only Mulberry Trees Outlive the Colony of Grand Dreams a Frenchman [Ernest Valeton de Boissiere] Set Up in Kansas," by Paul I. Wellman, April 19; "The Victory Books Are Well Used by Our Soldiers at Ft. Riley," by Kenneth S. Davis, May 1; "Ten Men, All Active, in the Unbroken Line of Kan-
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sas Governors Reaching Back 30 Years," by Alvin S. McCoy, May 3; "That Old Lady River Cimarron-She's Costly and Unruly," by Paul I. Wellman, May 17; "New Chief of General Staff School [Maj. Gen. Karl Truesdell] in Step With Tempo of Modern War," by E. R. S., May 18; "Women Students, as Well as Men, Turn to War Activities at the University of Kansas," by Alvin S. McCoy, May 24; "Memorial Day  Brought [body of Col. Henry Leavenworth] the Founder of Ft. Leavenworth Back to Post," by E. R. S., May 30; "Echoes of Its Bloody County Seat War Still Heard in a Kansas Town, and Hugoton, Atop World's Largest Gas Reservoir, Could Supply Power and Natural Products for War Today," by Paul I. Wellman, and "Kansas Girl [Margaret Lowe] Works State's Native Woods," May 31; "Shawnee Mission, Indian School of 1840 Now Restored, to Be Open to Public Next Sunday," by Edward R. Schaufer, and "Now at 92, Mrs. (Bertrand] Rockwell Tells of a Lincoln Parade in Philadelphia, Civil War Days in Indiana and of a Happy Exciting Girlhood in Kansas Where General Custer and His Young Officers Were Her Friends and Beaux," by Paul I. Wellman, June 7; "Dwight Eisenhower Is a Wide Rover But He Always Returns to Abilene," by Henry Van Brunt, June 27.
Victor Murdock probably writes more articles about Kansas history than anybody in the state. From February through August, 1942, he printed the following in the Wichita (Evening) Eagle: "Land Around Wichita That Was Once Property of Osage Indian Tribe," February 2; "Ferment Here When the Territory of Cimarron That Is No Man's Land and Oklahoma Were Both Pressing Congress For Openings," February 3; "Some Terms From Indians That Have Survived Here and Some That Have Not," February 5; "Wichita Lumber Yards Once Hauled Their Stocks Overland From Emporia," February 9; "City Building Wonders That Were Witnessed by the Late Will Hoover," February 10; "Official Records Which Show That the Exodus [of the Wichitas] From This Place [site of Wichita] Was Attended by Considerable Difficulty at the Start," February 12; "Floods in the Spring of 1867 and a Terrible Plague in the Summer of That Year Which Beset the People Then Living at This Place [Wichita]," February 13; "When Wichita Slipped Out of Its Earliest Era Into an Embryonic City," February 14; "Memorable Night Here Now Seventy Years Ago When First Train Came In," February 23; "When Shift to Motor-Car Among the Wichitans Introduced a New Era," February 24; "Homes of the Wichitans Described by a Visitor From New York in 1869," February 25;
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"Meaning of Some Words Used by Wichita Indians Given by Grant Foreman," February 26; "Part Wichita Played as a Deserted Village During an Early Period," March 2; "Giant Sioux Visitors Drew the Fulsome Praise of the Early Wichitans," March 5; "Part in a Revolution in Milling Wichita Had in the Spring of 1880," March 11; "Wichita's First Experience, Sixty Years Ago, With a Simultaneous Bull Market in the City and on the Countryside," March 19; "Payment on Account One Early Day Merchant Carried Home in Silver," March 20; "Difference of Wichita's Attitude Between the Reception of Its First [Railroad] Line in 1872 and Its Fourth in 1887," March 24; "Country Around Wichita Plunged Into Fruit at the Very Beginning," April 1; "Some Changes in Name Employed by Wichitans for Land to the South," April 2; "One of the Few Crops Kansas Farmers Dropped Was Known as Rice Corn," April 3; "Future Pork Production Not So Dependent on Corn in Coming Days as in Past," April 4; "Day When Pair of Boots Instead of Set of Tires Called For Conservation," April 6; "Hotel in Boom Town [Cash City in southwestern Kansas] Named for Pioneer Here Ended as Ranch Headquarters," April 9; "Old Settlers Society First Organized Here 65 Years Ago," April 11; "Tenth Kansas Regiment of Volunteers Recalled by James Patton's Letters," April 15; "Early Wichitans Given Civil Government Study by Oklahoma Invasion," April 16; "What Occupied Wichita in Month of April, 1888, Year Before Oklahoma," April 17; "Evolution of Avenue Recalled by the Death of a Pioneer, Mr. [DaVid H.] Miller," April 18; "When Oil for the Guns of the Citizens Here Was Matter of Importance," April 21; "Near End of His Life [David L.] Payne Had No Thought Save That of Oklahoma," April 22; "Less Than a Quarter of a Century Ago Arthur Wood Found Wild Life in One Prairie Section Still Abundant," April 23; "Record of First Election  Here Written by Citizen [Milo B. Kellogg] Who Cast Initial Ballot," April 24; "Prairies Proved Magnet That Attracted Wealth Here From Great Britain," April 28; "Trip Around a Circle Pioneer Wichitan Took Occupied a Whole Year," May 1; "Wildest Prairie Night in This Region's History as a Pioneer Recalls It," May 5; "Evolution in Millinery From Styles Prevailing When Wichita Started," May 6 ; "Four-Room Cottage Type Had Popularity in Wichita in First Building Boom," May 7; "Wichita's Early Flood Recalled by the Threat of High Water Last Week," May 11; "Black Powder Plentiful and Cheap in This City in the Pioneer Period," May 13; "When City Library Here Boasted That It Had
KANSAS HISTORY IN THE PRESS 413
Over 600 Volumes on Hand," May 14; "Wichita Fair Feature Offered by Indian Tribes Proved to Be Big Success," May 16; "Pioneering in Fruits by Wichita Citizens in First Days Here," May 27; "Outlook Over Valley Never Failed to Inspire Pioneers Arriving Here," May 28; "James Armour's Memory Retained Vivid Details of Early Filling Station," May 29; "When Railroad Went on From Wichita Southwards Towards the New Oklahoma," June 1; "Trouble That Appeared for Hard Russian Wheat When Introduced Here," June 2; "First Grand Opera Here Had a Two-Night Stand Sixty-Five Years Ago," June 5; "When `Arkansas Traveler' Halted Wichita's Hope of River's Navigability," June 8; "How Turning a Corner Led to the Beginning of Southbound Movement," June 20; "Visit With Ed Tinker, Father of Major General, Clarence, Reported Missing," June 23; "Process of Conversion of Bluestem Into Beef on Big Prairie Pastures," June 25; "One Favorite Phrase With Early Wichitans Used in Sale of Land," July 1; "Prairie Had Industry One Hundred Years Ago in Purifying Its Salt," July 2; "Early Fourth of July Was Held in This Area Before Wichita Was Here," July 4; "Child of the Prairies [Lorene Squire] Whose Love of Marshes Found- a Voice in Art," July 6; "Record of a Single Hunt in Which Bag Contained Sixteen Hundred Head," July 7; "Camps in Hunting Season on the Early Prairies Could Be Very Colorful," July 8; "Earliest Sports Event in Wichita Vicinity of Which There Is Record," July 15; "Units of Organization That Helped This City on Its Way at the Start," July 16; "One Early Day Printer and the Trips He Took in This Country A-Foot," July 17; "Cowboy Dress Change to Be Seen in West With Passage of Time," July 18; "Civil War Refugees of the Seminole Tribe Weathered Winter Here," July 20; "Return of a Sacred Idol That Helped Along Peace Out on These Prairies," July 21; "Yellow Fever Dread Which Reached Wichita in Its Earliest Days," July 24; "Crops That Were Grown by Some of the Tribes on the Early Prairies," July 28; "Pioneer Part Played by Firewood and Water in Settling the West," July 29; "Change in Road Routing From Ridgeway to Valley That Came With the Rails," July 30; "When Wichita Took Lead in the Farm Revolution for Improved Implements," July 31; "When the Federal Government Passed Up This City and County in 1870 James Steele Made a Count of His Own," August- 3; "Turn in the Fortunes of Wichita Appeared Sixty-five Years Ago," August 5; "Two Kansas Newspaper Men Traveled Long Together, Arthur Capper-Tom McNeal," August 8; "First
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Adventure Here in Industrial Chemistry Had to do With Tanning," August 18; "Prophecy About Wheat Once Made by a Boomer [Col. Henry King, over sixty years ago] Who Was Praising Kansas," August 24.
Cecil Howes, Topeka correspondent of the Kansas City (Mo.) Star, runs Victor Murdock a close second as the most prolific writer of Kansas historical articles. Also from February through August, 1942, he has printed the following: "That Kansas Hedge Apples Be Processed for Synthetic Rubber," February 6, 1942; "A Tribute to Lincoln Written Long Ago by Homer Hoch," February 12; changes in the names of Kansas counties and towns, February 18; "So Kaw Charley Wasn't Frozen in the Big Blizzard," February 20; "'Jake' Mohler Completes 50 years as Counselor to Kansas Farmers," and "A Bit of Straight Thinking by Daniel W. Wilder Is Filed in Kansas Historical Records," February 27; "Wartime Demountable Houses Are Not New to Kansas," March 3; "A Visit by Frederic Remington, the Artist, to Kansas," March 6; "Some More About Kansas Names," March 24; "Yes, There Once Were Silkworms at Work in Kansas, But They Didn't Like the Climate," March 31; "Building Towns on Railroads Was a Scramble in Early Day Kansas," April 8; "J. W. Roberts, Early Kansas Editor, Envisioned Much of Modern Fighting in the Air," April 15; "Kansans Long Have Had a `Piano in the Parlor,"' April 17; "Guessing That Went on About Kansas Territory in the Early Days," May 5; "In the Early Days There Was Talk of Making Two States Out of the Territory of Kansas," May 8; "How Pioneer Women of Kansas Brewed Coffee Substitutes," May 13; "Association of the Name, Holliday, With Early Kansas," May 26; "Lawrence Long Has Been Known as the `Athens' of Kansas," June 8; "An Interesting Colony [Dunkards] in Brown County," June 12; "Days of Railroad Pioneering in Kansas," June 17; "Council Grove Might Have Been the Kansas Capital," June 26; "The Kansas Statehouse Actually Is Five Separate Structures Joined Into One," June 29; "Kansas Owns Considerable Real Estate," July 3; "A Glimpse of Early Educational Institutions in Kansas," July 24; "More About Kansas Names," August 5; "Kansas Was a Leader Among the States in Granting Privileges of OffIce Holding to Women," August 14; "Kansas Lost Color When Editors Dropped Lopeared Leper' Epithets," August 17; "History of an Economic Experiment [silk industry] in KanSas Nearly Sixty Years Ago," August 24, and "Study of the Ghosts of Little Towns [Sumner, Atchison county]," August 31.
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Some early history of Salina recalled by George Reed, Assaria farmer who came to Saline county March 4, 1878, was published in the Salina Journal, March 5, 1942.
Leonard W. Thompson briefly reviewed "The History of Railway Development in Kansas" in the spring, 1942, issue of The Aerend, publication of Fort Hays Kansas State College, of Hays. Construction for the first railway in Kansas began at Elwood in 1859. "From 1861 to 1923," Thompson reported, "no less than 1,112 [railroad] charters were recorded in the office of the secretary of state; 900 of these projects appeared to have been but paper roads, leaving 212 corporations that at one time or another actually constructed and maintained a railroad in the state. The above does not include the 54 territorial roads, few of which reached the construction stage. During the decade 1880-1890 no less than 556 charters were issued." Boom years for railway building were 1885-1888, when the state's actual rail mileage was more than doubled. "On a per capita basis," the survey disclosed, "Kansas in 1888 was the best equipped with railroads of any state in the United States or any country in the world. For every one thousand of her population Kansas had five and one-half miles of railroad; Missouri, two and three-tenths miles; the Western states, two and one-half miles; and the Middle and Eastern states not to exceed one and one-half miles."
That Kansas was once a jungle filled with prehistoric monsters is affirmed in an account of Alvin Scranton of Fort Hays Kansas State College in the Hill City Times, March 19, 1942. The article is entitled, "Graham County Group of Mammal Tracks Is Largest Ever Found in This Country."
A story and portrait of Maj. Gen. Emory Sherwood Adams, first printed in the April, 1942, number of the United States Army Recruiting News, Governors Island, N. Y., was reproduced in The Kansas Industrialist, Manhattan, May 6. General Adams, native of Manhattan and graduate of Kansas State College, recently retired as adjutant general. He saw service in China, the Philippine Islands, France and the United States.
Holton history was reviewed by Mrs. Florence Gabel in the Holton Recorder, April 6, 1942.
The Marion Presbyterian Church celebrated the seventieth anniversary of-its founding May 3, 1942. Articles on the history of the church and the list of charter members were published in the Marion
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Review and Record, April 29 and 30, respectively. This church, organized July 9, 1871, was the first in Marion county.
The history of the Holton post office, established in 1858, was recalled by E. J. Woodman of Wetmore in the HoltonRecorder, April 30, 1942.
"Havana Methodists Celebrate Fiftieth Anniversary Sunday," was the title of an article briefly reviewing the church's history in the Caney Daily Chronicle, May 4, 1942.
A. K. Trimmer described historical events concerning Garfield and its Methodist church in an article entitled "The History of Garfield's Namesake," in the Gove County Republican-Gazette, Gove City, May 2I, 1942.
The oldest building in Irving has been remodeled and was opened as a museum by Mrs. Olin Dibert of Irving. A story of her work and pictures of the museum were featured in the Topeka Daily Capital, May 24, 1942.
An article by Mrs. Jessie Hill Rowland about the coming of Anders Sorensen to the United States was printed in the McPherson Daily Republican, May 28, 1942, under the title, "McPherson Is 70 Today and Here's a Story About One of Its Pioneers."
On May 30, 1942, the Fort Scott Tribune published a sixty-page centennial edition commemorating the establishment of Fort Scott. Lists of county and city officials and histories of the city's schools, newspapers, clubs, railroads and sports were printed. Included among the titles of other historical articles were: "At Dawn of City's History"; "From Louisiana Purchase in 1803 This County Was Eventually Made"; "Slain by Night Riders-Gang Raid on Marmaton on Oct. 22, 1864"; "A Woman Spy [Emma Edmonds] Made History in Civil War"; "An Era of Trouble, Progress "; "Spilled the Blood of Martyrs [Marais des Cygnes massacre, May 19, 1858]"; "Kansas' Greatest Battle [Mine Creek, 1864] "; "Trading Post Is One of Oldest Settlements in the Entire State"; "Great Drought of 1860 Was One of Nature's Scourges"; "A Dream of the Farms Has Now Become Reality-R. E. A. Has Brought Light and Power . . ."; "Steady Upward Climb as a Beef Cattle County"; "National Cemetery, Established in 1861, One of First Military Cemeteries in U. S."; "Bourbon County's First Agriculture Organization Was Formed in 1860"; "Pike, the Great Explorer, Through the County on Way West in 1806";
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"Troops on the March Once More [During Civil War]"; "Streets Preserve Names of Many Early Day Leaders," and "Origin of Names of Bourbon County's Streams Reveals Interesting Sidelights." A featured picture was one of Gen. Winfield Scott, for whom the fort was named.
Stories giving the history of the old Hollenberg ranch house, "the only unaltered Pony Express station now remaining in the United States," were printed in the Hanover Democrat, June 5, 1942, The Advocate-Democrat, Marysville, June 11, and the Linn-Palmer Record, June 19. The state recently purchased the ranch house and seven and one-half acres for a state park. The Advocate-Democrat and the Hanover Democrat printed pictures of the old station as did the Kansas City (Mo.) Star of July 12.
On the eve of his golden wedding anniversary O. J. Rose, editor of The Peoples Herald, Lyndon, wrote an editorial recalling fifty years of life in rural Kansas, during which he operated newspapers at Eskridge, Waverly and Lyndon. The article appeared first in The Peoples Herald, July 9, 1942, under the caption, "Looking Backward Over Fifty Years." It was reprinted in part in the Kansas City (Mo.) Times, July 21, under the title "A Kansas Editor's Journey Along `the American Way' for 50 Years."
An article, "Heroes on the Home Front," by E. B. Garnett, was printed in the Kansas City (Mo.) Star, July 12, 1942. It is a biographical sketch of Lt. John Paul Adams, U. S. N., of Brown county, recently decorated for distinguished service in the Southwest Pacific. A brief note on the parents, the Rev. and Mrs. N. J. Adams, by Hester Potter, the Star's correspondent at Robinson, was also featured. The Rev. N. J. Adams is a rural pastor of the Mount Zion Methodist Church in Brown county.
The 1942 "Progress Edition" published annually by the Manhattan Morning Chronicle and Mercury appeared July 26 and 27, respectively. Among the articles of historical interest were: "Manhattan's Stone Houses Have Stood Like Monuments Down Through the Years," by Mrs. Loyal Payne; "Chamber of Commerce Plays Active Role in War Efforts"; "Manhattan Man [First Lt. Arthur A. Farrell] Decorated for Heroism Beyond Call of Duty"; "The College and the War," by F. D. Farrell; "For Second Time K. S. C. Is on a War Footing"; "K. S. C. Faculty Contributes to Armed Ranks"; "Women Don Overalls, Grease to Do Their Part in War
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Effort"; "Who's Who at Ft. Riley"; "For Half a Century Ft. Riley Has Trained Expert Horsemen"; "Huge Fort Riley Expansion Project in Full Swing"; "Highlights of Year's Activities at Fort Riley"; "MacArthur, Craig, Wainwright, Lear-All Have Been at Ft. Riley"; "Military Police Trained in Only School in Country"; "Once More Camp Funston Is Scene of Hustle and Bustle"; "Riley County Has Many Men in the Service." The illustrated features included: "Boys From Manhattan Serving All Over the World"; "Many Manhattan Men Serving as Army, Navy OffIcers"; "Manhattan Boys With the Army Or the Navy," and "An Airplane View of a Portion of Fort Riley." The edition also contained biographical sketches of commanding officers at Fort Riley and articles on the Manhattan Red Cross, local defense organization, first-aid course, enlisted reserves, soldiers' center, Douglas community center, college R. 0. T. C., local airport, national defense classes, public health, Triple A as a war machine, Four-H club, Farm Bureau, Camp Funston, cavalrymen, Wounded Knee monument, armored division at Camp Funston, and religion at Fort Riley.
On July 30, 1942, the Mennonite Weekly Review, Newton, featured a story, "History of the Canton, Now Emmanuel Mennonite Church, Galva, Kansas," by the Rev. J. J. Ratzlaff.
"Dissolution of the Osage Reservation" was the title of an article by Berlin B. Chapman starting in the September, 1942, issue of The Chronicles of Oklahoma, Oklahoma City. The study is a sequel to Chapman's article, "Removal of the Osages From Kansas," printed_ in The Kansas Historical Quarterly in August and November, 1938.
The Mound City Catholic Church was dedicated September 7, 1942, as a memorial to Blessed Rose Philippine Duchesne who established a school for Pottawatomie Indian girls in 1841 at Old Sugar Creek Mission, present Linn county. The mission was located on a part of what is now the Frank Zimmerman farm, about five miles northeast of Centerville. The history of the church was reviewed briefly in the Mound City Republic, September 3 and 10, 1942, and by Theodore W. Morse in a two-column article in the Topeka Daily Capital, September 13.
A brief history of the Oakland Presbyterian Church of Topeka, organized October 4, 1892, was printed in the Topeka State Journal, October 3, 1942.