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Kansas Historical Quarterly - The Pike's Peak Gold Rush and the Smoky Hill Route

"The Pike's Peak Gold Rush and the Smoky Hill Route, 1859-1860"

From Summer 1959 (Vol. 25, No. 2), pages 158 to 171

TABLE OF DISTANCES
FROM
Atchison to the Gold Mines,
VIA THE
First Standard Parallel Route to the Republican Fork of the Kansas
River, thence following the trail of Col. Fremont on his ex-
plorations in 1843, to Cherry Creek and the Mines.
Compiled from Col. Fremont's Surveys, and the most reliable information derived from the
traders across the Great Plains.

FROM ATCHISON TO MILES TOTAL REMARKS
Lancaster,
9
 
Settlement, provisions and grass.
Muscotah, on Grasshopper,
11
20
Settlement, provisions and grass.
Eureka
11
31
Settlement, provisions and grass.
Ontario, on Elk Creek,
10
41
Settlement, provisions and grass.
America, on soldier's Creek,
9
50
Settlement, provisions and grass.
Vermillion City,
25
75
Settlement, entertainment and provisions.
Crossing of Big Blue,
3
78
Heavy timber and grass.
Little Blue Creek,
17
95
Timber and grass.
Head of do do.
23
118
Wood, water and grass.
Republican Fork,
12
130
Col. Fremont describes this section as "affording
do do crossing,
do do Crossing,
2
130
an excellent road, it being generally over high and
Branch of Solomon's Fork,
Branch of Solomon's Fork,
38
170
level prairies, with numerous streams, which are well
Leaves do do do
75
245
timbered with ash, elm, and very heavy oak, and
Branch of Republican Fork,
Branch of Republican Fork,
15
260
abounding in herds of buffalo, elk and antelope."
Following up Rep. to its head,
Following up Rep. to its head,
190
450
Heavy timber and grass along the course
Beaver Creek,
23
473
Wood, grass and buffalo.
Bijou Creek,
22
495
Wood, grass and buffalo.
Kioway Creek,
15
510
The route from this point to the mines runs thro'
Cherry Creek and the Mines
25
535
a country well timbered and watered, with luxuri-
ent grass and plenty of wild game.

ROUTE FROM ATCHISON
VIA
The Great Military Road to Salt Lake, and Col. Fre-
mont's Route in 1841.

FROM ATCHISON TO MILES TOTAL REMARKS
Mormon Grove,
31
 
Junction of the Great Military road,
Lancaster,
51
9
Provisions and grass.
Huron, (crossing Grasshoper,)
4
13
Provisions and grass.
Kennekuk, do main do.
19
23
First Salt Lake Mail Station.
Capioma, (Walnut Creek,)
17
40
Provisions, timber and grass.
Richmond, (head of Nemaha,)
15
55
Provisions, timber and grass.
Marysville,
40
95
Salt Lake Mail Station and provisions.
Small Creek en Prairie,
19
105
Water and grass.
do do
10
115
Luxurient grass.
do do
7
122
Water and grass.
Wyth Creek,
7
129
Wood and grass.
Big Sandy Creek,
13
142
Wood and grass.
Dry Sandy Creek,
17
159
Wood and luxurient grass.
Little Blue River,
12
171
Heavy timber.
Road Leaves Little Blue,
44
215
Wood and grass,
Small Creek,
7
222
Wood and grass.
Platte River,
17
239
Wood, grass and buffalo.
Ft. Kearney,
10
249
Salt Lake Main Station and provisions.
17 Mile Point,
17
266
Wood, water and grass,
Cottonwood Spring,
40
324
Wood and grass,
Fremont's Springs,
40
364
Luxurient grass,
O'Fallon's Bluffs,
5
369
Wood, water and grass,
Crossing South Platte,
40
409
Wood, water and grass.
Ft. St. Vrain,
209
609
ions, and food from this to the mines the route is
Cherry Creek,
43
649
well timbered and watered.

ROUTE FROM ATCHISON,
VIA THE
SMOKY HILL FORK ROUTE

FROM ATCHISON TO MILES TOTAL REMARKS
Mormon Grove,
3 ½
 
Junction of the Great Military Road.
Monrovia,
8 ½
12
Provisions, entertainment and grass.
Mouth of Bill's Creek,
13
25
On the Grasshopper, Wood and grass.
Ter. Road from Nebraska,
15
49
Wood, water and grass.
Soldier Creek,
15
65
Wood and grass.
Lost Creek,
15
65
Wood and grass.
Louisville,
10
75
Water and grass.
Manhattan City,
12
87
Wood and grass.
Ft. Riley,
15
102
Water, wood and grass.
Salina,
52
154
Wood, water and grass.
Pawnee Trail—Smoky Hill,
130
284
Grass and buffalo chips.
Pawnee Fork,
35
219
Grass and buffalo chips.
Arkansas Crossing,
35
354
Wood, water and grass.
Bent's Fort,
150
504
Wood, water and grass.
Bent's Old Fort,
40
544
Water and grass.
Huerfano,
40
584
Water and grass.
Fontaine qui Battille,
15
599
Wood, water and grass.
Crossing of same,
18
617
Wood, water and grass.
Jim's Camp,
15
632
Water and grass.
Brush Corral,
12
644
Wood, water and grass.
Head of Cherry Creek,
26
670
Wood water and grass.
Crossing of same,
35
705
From this point to the mines there is heavy timber,
Mines.
6
711
and grass and water in abundance.