American Indian History
- George Remsburg Papers, 1891-1941Remsburg identified all of the important Indian village sites of the Kaw, Kickapoo and other prominent Indian tribes in Eastern Kansas.
- Indian Mission Schools, 1837-1879 (MF)
- Indian Missions and Missionaries: a bibliography
- Johnston Lykins PapersLykins helped found the Potawatomi and Shawnee Baptist Indian Missions in the present-day Johnson County, Kansas area.
- Isaac McCoy Papers (MF) partially microfilmedBaptist Missionary and proponent of the Indian Removal Act
- Jotham Meeker Papers,1825-1864 (MF)Missionary to the Ottawa and Potawatomi who published Native American language materials
- John G. Pratt Papers, 1834-1899 (MF)Missionary to the Delaware Indians
- Indian Census Rolls, 1885-1940
- James Burnett Abbott, 1815-1899 (MF)Shawnee Indian Agent, 1861-1866
- William Clark Papers, 1807-1855 (MF)Records of Superintendent of Indian Affairs in St. Louis, commonly called the "Clark Papers" after William Clark, who was superintendent from 1807-1838. This collection documents the removal of tribes east of the Mississippi River to the Indian Territory, which included present-day Kansas.
- Samuel Johnson Crawford, 1867-1910Kansas Governor Samuel Crawford resigned from office in 1868 to organize the 19th Kansas Cavalry and join General Sheridan on his winter campaign.
- Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, 1907-1939
- Records of the Central Superintendency of Indian Affairs, 1813-1878, microfilm rolls MF 6903 - MF 7010, National Archives microfilm publication M856
- First Cherokee Regiment Day Book, Nov. 10, 1862-Mar. 31, 1863Journal of Captain Robert Parks, Company B, of Colonel Stand Watie's Confederate Indian regiment
- Iowa Nation Historical Records Collection, 1600-1961 (MF)
- Ioway-Otoe-Missouria Language Project and Dictionary
- Research on the Kickapoo Tribe