Jump to Navigation

Report of a summer campaign to the Rocky Mountains, etc., in 1845

View at Kansas Memory

Creator: Kearny, Stephen Watts, 1794-1848

Date: September 15, 1845

Level of Description: Item

Material Type: Manuscripts

Call Number: Miscellaneous Kearny, Philip

Unit ID: 210397

Summary: This typescript recounts the journey of the 1st Dragoons under the command of Stephen Watts Kearny. In 1845, the dragoons (cavalry troops) left Fort Leavenworth on a circular march, heading northwest on what would become the Oregon Trail, down along the Rocky Mountains to Mexican territory, and back up via the Santa Fe Trail. This march displayed the military power of the United States to both native tribes and to the British government (which at this time was exerting its authority over Oregon Territory). Kearny described in detail the route taken by the dragoons, their encounters with the Pawnee, Sioux, Cheyenne, and Arapaho, the soil and landscape of the plains, and the traders moving goods to and from Santa Fe. Kearny also discussed his opinion on the best way to protect American settlers traveling to Oregon--he disliked the idea of establishing a military post near Fort Laramie and instead advocated making large circular marches every few years to remind the Indian tribes of "the facility and rapidity with which our dragoons can march through any part of their country." The report includes a postscript by General Winfield Scott and was published as part of the Report of the Secretary of War delivered to the 29th Congress, in serial set 480, document 2, no. 1, pp. 210-214.

Space Required/Quantity: [Not stated]

Title (Main title): Report of a summer campaign to the Rocky Mountains, etc., in 1845


No Locators Identified

Index Terms

Creators and Contributors