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Records from Reno County

Creator: Reno County (Kan.)

Date: 1881 - 1929

Level of Description: Coll./Record Group

Material Type: Government record

Call Number: Unavailable

Unit ID: 216393

Abstract: The State Archives holds only a few records from Reno County. These include records from the local Superintendent of Public Instruction, a map of the city of Hutchinson, and microfilm copies of vital statistics, all from the late 19th and early 20th century. There are also some records related to local Reno County records under the Federal Writers Project survey information. Most local government records remain in Reno County.

Space Required/Quantity: 2 microfilm reels ; 35mm + .18 cubic feet.

Title (Main title): Records from Reno County

Administrative History

Administrative History: The Kansas Legislature drew the boundaries for Reno County in 1865. The population wasn't sufficient to necessitate self-government until December 1871. The first election for county officers was held in January of 1872.

Reno County was named for Major-General Jesse Lee Reno who fought in the Civil War and died in the line of duty at the Battle of South Mountain in Maryland in 1862. Hutchinson is the county seat and the largest city in the county. Hutchinson was named after its founder, Clinton Carter Hutchinson. Mr. Hutchinson claimed to be a Baptist preacher and he stipulated that no alcoholic beverages could be sold or consumed on the property or the land would forfeit back to him. This kept the town quiet. The early settlement of the county by Amish and Mennonites also contributed to the quiet history. The Mennonites and Amish are still strongly represented in the county.

Railroads were instrumental in the development of not only Kansas but Reno County. The railroads played a significant role in the development of some of the smaller towns within the county. The arrival of the Santa Fe Railroad established Hutchinson, Partridge, Abbyville, Plevna and Sylvia. The Rock Island and Frisco Railroads established some of the other small cities in Reno County. Railroads provided transportation for people and goods from the more populous and prosperous eastern United States. Without a railroad, a town was without an efficient lifeline to the news and materials people demanded.
Salt was discovered by Ben Blanchard in South Hutchinson when he was trying to find oil in September of 1887. Mr. Blanchard was disappointed but several others took the knowledge and capitalized on it. Prior to 1923, those who took the salt from the ground used wells by pumping water down pipes forcing the water back up carrying salt with it. In 1923, Emerson Carey, who started the Carey Salt Company, dug the first rock salt mine in Reno County. Both methods of extracting salt are still used today. Many salt companies came into business and positively impacted the economy of the county.

The main geographic features of Reno County include the Arkansas River and Cow Creek. The county is a part of the Arkansas River Valley.

[Reno County. "Reno County History." http://www.renogov.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=45&Itemid=66 (accessed 5 May 2009).]


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Index Terms


    Reno County (Kan.) -- History
    County government -- Kansas -- Reno County -- Records and correspondence

Creators and Contributors

Agency Classification:

    Local Government Agencies. Reno County.