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Records from Atchison County

Creator: Atchison County (Kan.)

Date: 1857 - 1990

Level of Description: Coll./Record Group

Material Type: Government record

Call Number: Unavailable

Unit ID: 216644

Abstract: The records from Atchison County include both paper and microfilmed materials, originating from the county clerk, district court, probate court, register of deeds, and superintendent of public instruction. Paper records include a Justice of the Peace docket from Mount Pleasant Township, documenting all actions taken for a variety of indebtedness cases, police training manuals, exhibits, and a document pertaining to school taxes for school district number 1. Microfilmed records are primarily vital statistics and deed records. From the County Clerk: birth and diseases, 1891-1911; marriage and death records 1891-1911. From the District Court: civil appearance docket/journal, 1861-1918. From the Probate Court: divorce case files, 1859-1917; case files, 1857-1917; and journals 1866-1870. From the Register of Deeds: index to deed record, 1866-1903; deed record, 1855-1911, 1932-1971; general index to discharge record, 1911-1990; and discharge record, 1943-1990. From the Superintendent of Public Instruction: scholastic census record, 1893-1916. Please see the paper finding aid on microfilmed local government records for a detailed listing of contents. The records date back to the territorial era and span into the late 20th century. The bulk of the records are from the mid 19th to mid 20th mid century.

Space Required/Quantity: Microfilm + 1 vol. and 2 boxes.

Title (Main title): Records from Atchison County

Administrative History

Administrative History: Atchison Count was established on August 25, 1855 and organized on September 17, 1855. It was named for David Rice Atchison (1807-1886), United States senator from Missouri at the time of the Kansas-Nebraska Act.

French explorers and trappers were the first Europeans to journey across what became Atchison County. Etienne de Bourgmont, military commander of the French colony of Louisiana, led the first recorded expedition to the region in the summer of 1724, although others had probably visited before him. The next recorded explorer was Perin du Luc, who reached the area in 1802-1803.

Perhaps the most famed explorers of Atchison County were Lewis and Clark, whose expedition travelled up the Missouri River in the summer of 1804. On the eventing of July 4th, the company discovered a creek in the northeast corner of the county, naming it Independence Creek in honor of the holiday.

Paschal Pensoneau (or Pensinau) was the first settler to take up permanent residence in the county, settling along Stranger Creek in 1839. Five years later he opened a trading post and a farm.

When Kansas Territory was opened for settlement in 1854, the town site of Atchison was founded by Senator Atchison and his friends, and dedicated on July 4, 1854. The town of Sumner, twelve miles to the south, attempted to replace Atchison as the county seat in 1858, but the proposal was soundly defeated.

Atchison is the county seat and the largest city. Townships include Benton, Center, Grasshopper, Kapioma, Lancaster, Mount Pleasant, Shannon, and Walnut.

[Kansas State Historical Society. "Kansas Counties - Atchison County, Kansas." http://www.kshs.org/genealogists/places/counties.php?county=AT (accessed June 4, 2009.)]


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Index Terms


    Atchison County (Kan.) -- Genealogy
    Atchison County (Kan.) -- History
    Atchison County (Kan.) -- Statistics, Vital
    Civil law -- Kansas -- Atchison County -- Cases
    Deeds -- Kansas -- Atchison County
    Land tenure -- Kansas -- Atchison County
    Probate records -- Kansas -- Atchison County

Creators and Contributors

Agency Classification:

    Local Government Agencies. Atchison County.