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Records from Montgomery County

Creator: Montgomery County (Kan.)

Date: 1870 - 1990

Level of Description: Coll./Record Group

Material Type: Government record

Call Number: Unavailable

Unit ID: 217320

Abstract: The majority of the records from Montgomery County held by the State Archives come from the various courts located in the county. These records include criminal and civil appearance dockets from the Independence and Coffeyville city courts; naturalization records for individuals wishing to become United States citizens; district court civil and criminal case files; some justice of the peace and district court records related to the Dalton family; and a variety of records related to estate administration, marriage, and guardianship under the Probate Court. The Archives also holds records from the Register of Deeds and from the Superintendent of Public Instruction, including a history of every school district in the county. There are also a handful of series from the Coffeyville City Clerk related to managing the city and related to its vital statistics, and vital statistics records from the County Clerk.

While the records extend into the late twentieth century for Montgomery County, the majority of them are from the last quarter of the nineteenth and the first half of the twentieth centuries. The majority of the records are in volumes or on microfilm.

Space Required/Quantity: Microfilm + circa 1 cubic foot and volumes.

Title (Main title): Records from Montgomery County

Administrative History

Administrative History: As early as 1803 the present site of Montgomery County, Kansas was occupied by the Black Dog band of Osage Native Americans, who crossed back and forth to the west plains to hunt buffalo. Montgomery County was established as a political entity under the state in 1867 and organized in 1869. Located in southeastern Kansas along the Oklahoma border, the county was named for General Richard Montgomery, a Revolutionary War hero who led the army into Canada, capturing the city of Montreal; he died while attempting to capture Quebec, allegedly shouting "Death or liberty!"

Coffeyville was settled in 1869. Colonel James A. Coffey relocated to the area from Humboldt, Kansas and established a trading post to trade such things as lumber, building materials, and other supplies with the Native Americans. The news of his arrival traveled rapidly throughout the trails of the Osage and Cherokee nations, the business thrived, and soon a town was laid out around Coffey's trading post. In the early 1880s, Coffeyville was known as Cow Town due to the numbers of cattle grazing the open range and the fact that it was a shipping point for cattle herds.

Also in 1869, individuals from Oswego, Kansas came to the region and set up the town of Independence. In May, 1870, by the action of the County Board of Commissioners, the place became the county seat. The following November, it became fixed as the official county town by a vote of the people.

Independence continues to be the county seat for Montgomery County, though Coffeyville is the largest city in the county. Other cities incorporated separately from townships in the county include Caney and Cherryvale. Townships include Caney, Cherokee, Cherry, Drum Creek, Fawn Creek, Independence, Liberty, Louisburg, Parker, Rutland, Sycamore, and West Cherry.

[Coffeyville. "Coffeyville History." http://www.coffeyville.com/History.htm (accessed 10 July 2009).]

[Independence Chamber of Commerce. "Independence History." http://www.indkschamber.org/independence_history.htm (accessed 10 July 2009).]

[Kansas State Historical Society. "Kansas Counties -- Montgomery County, Kansas." http://www.kshs.org/genealogists/places/counties.php?county=MG (accessed 10 July 2009).]

[Kansas State Library. "Montgomery County." http://www.skyways.org/counties/MG/ (accessed 10 July 2009).]


No Locators Identified

Index Terms


    Coffeyville (Kan.) -- History
    Coffeyville (Kan.) -- Management
    Coffeyville (Kan.) -- Statistics, Vital
    Independence (Kan.) -- History
    Montgomery County (Kan.) -- Genealogy
    Montgomery County (Kan.) -- History
    Montgomery County (Kan.) -- Statistics, Vital
    Deeds -- Kansas -- Montgomery County
    District courts -- Kansas -- Montgomery County -- Records and correspondence
    Municipal courts -- Kansas -- Montgomery County -- Records and correspondence
    Probate courts -- Kansas -- Montgomery County -- Records and correspondence
    School districts -- Kansas -- Montgomery County -- History

Creators and Contributors

Agency Classification:

    Local Government Agencies. Montgomery County.