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George W. Scott papers

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Creator: Scott, George W., 1850-1920

Date: 1889-1899

Level of Description: Coll./Record Group

Material Type: Manuscripts

Call Number: George W. Scott Coll. #119

Unit ID: 40119

Biographical sketch: Businessman; of Edgerton, Gardner, Kan.

Abstract: The bulk of the material is business correspondence. It provides insight into business relations during this period. Some letters relate to George W. Scott's lumber yards in Edgerton and Gardner, Kan., as well as his seed, insurance, real estate, and farm mortgage businesses. Another portion of the collection is correspondence between Scott and his Texas partner, Frank S. Hammond. This correspondence deals with their attempts to raise cattle, lease the land, and sell or trade for property. It also mentions business with the railroads for whom Hammond worked. Some materials in the collection also pertain to cattle drives on the Great Plains; Finney, Garfield, & Hodgeman Counties, Kan.; and Kansas City, Mo.

Summary: Business correspondence, arranged chronologically, of George W. Scott, one of the first residents of Edgerton, Kansas. A large portion of the collection is correspondence between Scott and Frank S. Hammond, Scott's partner in a 20,000 acre ranch in the Texas panhandle. Much of the correspondence deals with their attempts to raise cattle, lease the land, and sell or trade the property. Hammond worked as a general manager for several railroads (Kansas City, Fort Scott, and Memphis Railroad Company; Kansas City, Shreveport, and Gulf Railway Company; and the Kansas City, Watkins, and Gulf Railway Company) that were in the process of expanding their lines, and mentioned these activities in his letters. Due to their real estate investments in Texas, many letters come from banks, insurance agents, and land surveyors in the panhandle. Scott also served as secretary for the Johnson County Fair Association and owned the Gardner Lumber Company. Scott frequently corresponded with creameries, dairy farmers, wholesale dry goods retailers and seed merchants, including the Kansas Seed House owned by Frederick W. Barteldes in Lawrence. Also included are invoices, checks, contracts, and inventory lists from various businesses.

Space Required/Quantity: 1.50 cubic feet

Title (Main title): George W. Scott papers

Titles (Other):

  • Business and miscellaneous correspondence
  • Papers
  • Miscellaneous correspondence

Biography

Biog. Sketch (Full): George W. Scott was born in St. Louis, Missouri, February 6, 1850. On April 9, 1872, he married Hester Sutton and they had five children. He died on November 30, 1920, and was buried in Edgerton, Kansas.

The December 17, 1920, issue of the Edgerton Journal credits Scott as being an adventurous youth. It claimed he participated in the Civil War at the age of twelve, serving in the United States Navy on war boats on the Mississippi River. When the war ended, he became a steamboat man on the Red River. He then became a Texas cattle hand, and came to Kansas in 1870 at the end of a trail drive to Springfield, Missouri. The Edgerton Journal reported that he arrived in Gardner with his horse, a saddle, a few clothes, and twenty-five cents.

When the town of Edgerton was started, Scott was one of its first residents, opening a business that included a stock of drugs. He later opened lumber yards in Edgerton and Gardner. He also sold seeds, small implements, insurance; had some mining and smelting interests; and invested in farm mortgages. He apparently owned property in Kansas City, the Edgerton and Gardner areas, and other areas, including a 20,000 acre ranch in the Texas panhandle. Scott moved to 4416 Summit, Kansas City, Missouri, in 1908 where he had built a large home for his family but maintained his business interests in Edgerton.

Scope and Content

Scope and content: The George W. Scott collection consists of three document boxes of material covering the period 1889 through 1899. The bulk of the material is business correspondence. Some of the letters relate to Scott’s lumber yards in Edgerton and Gardner, Kansas, where he also sold grass and vegetable seeds, coal, and various types of small farm implements. Scott was also involved in selling insurance. Another portion of the collection is correspondence between Scott and Frank S. Hammond, Scott’s partner in a 20,000 acre ranch in the Texas Panhandle. Much of the correspondence deals with their attempts to raise cattle, lease the land, and sell or trade the property. Hammond worked as a general manager for several railroads (Kansas City, Fort Scott, and Memphis Railroad Company; Kansas City, Shreveport, and Gulf Railway Company; and the Kansas City, Watkins, and Fuld Railway Company) that were in the process of expanding their lines and mentioned these activities in his letters. Other correspondence relates to real estate activities in the Kansas City area, the Missouri and Kansas Association of Lumber Dealers, the Mid-State Wholesale and Retail Coal Dealers Association, and the Johnson County Fair Association. In 1893, there is some correspondence with a county official in Garfield County, Kansas, concerning land sales. Scott apparently made farm loans, and some of the correspondence relates to this activity. For example, Scott made a loan to a Kate Burns who owned property in Edgerton but was studying to be a doctor in Philadelphia. Her letters to Scott describe some of her activities interning in the poorer districts of that city.

This collection documents the activities of a local businessman engaged in a variety of financial ventures. It provides insight into business relations during this period.

Contents: Box 1. Correspondence : 1889-1891 -- box 2. Correspondence : 1891-1895 -- box 3. Correspondence : 1896-1899, undated ; misc. contracts and agreements ; representative vouchers, letterheads, and advertisements.

Portions of Collection Separately Described:


More separate components

Portions of Collection Not Separately Described:

  1. Correspondence, 1889 (Box 1, Folder 1)
  2. Correspondence, January - June 1890 (Box 1, Folder 2)
  3. Correspondence, July - August 1890 (Box 1, Folder 3)
  4. Correspondence, September - October 1890 (Box 1, Folder 4)
  5. Correspondence, November - December 1890 (Box 1, Folder 5)
  6. Correspondence, January - February 1891 (Box 1, Folder 6)
  7. Correspondence, March - April 1891 (Box 1, Folder 7)
  8. Correspondence, May - June 1891 (Box 1, Folder 8)
  9. Correspondence, July - December 1891 (Box 2, Folder 1)
  10. Correspondence, January - June 1892 (Box 2, Folder 2)
More components

Locators:

Locator Contents
005-03-04-01 to 005-03-04-03   

Related Records or Collections

Other Finding Aid/Index: Finding aid available from the Kansas Historical Society (Topeka) and on its website, http://www.kshs.org/p/george-w-scott-papers/14114

Index Terms

Subjects

    Business records -- Kansas
    Commercial correspondence -- Kansas
    Edgerton (Kan.)
    Finney County (Kan.)
    Gardner (Kan.)
    Garfield County (Kan.)
    Great Plains
    Hodgeman County (Kan.)
    Johnson County (Ark.)
    Kansas
    Kansas City (Mo.)
    Texas
    Texas Panhandle (Tex.)
    Selling -- Seeds -- Kansas -- Edgerton
    Selling -- Seeds -- Kansas -- Gardner
    Hammond, Frank S.
    Scott, George W., 1850-1920
    American letters -- Kansas -- History -- 19th century
    Businessmen -- Kansas
    Cattle drives -- Great Plains
    Insurance -- Kansas
    Lumber trade -- Kansas -- Edgerton
    Lumber trade -- Kansas -- Gardner
    Railroads -- Great Plains
    Ranches -- Texas -- Texas Panhandle
    Real estate business -- Kansas -- Edgerton
    Real estate business -- Kansas -- Gardner
    Real property -- Kansas
    Seed industry and trade -- Kansas -- Edgerton
    Seed industry and trade -- Kansas -- Gardner

Creators and Contributors


Additional Information for Researchers

Use and reproduction: Information on copyright available from the Kansas Historical Society (Topeka).

Cite as: George W. Scott papers, 1889-1899, Ms. Coll. 119, Kansas State Historical Society.

Action note: Processed by Patricia A. Michaelis, 1978.