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James Hanway collection

Creator: Hanway, James, 1809-1882

Date: 1823-1882

Level of Description: Coll./Record Group

Material Type: Manuscripts

Call Number: Ms. Coll. 372 (Use microfilm: MS 823-MS 825)
MS 823-MS 825 (Correspondence and rough drafts of James Hanway's newspaper articles)

Unit ID: 40372

Biographical sketch: James S. Hanway: Kansas antislavery advocate, political figure, newspaper correspondent. Of Darke County, Ohio; Franklin County, Kan.

Biographical sketch: John S. Hanway: son of James S. Hanway, Civil War Kansas Militia soldier; of Franklin County, Kan.

Abstract: This collection contains correspondence; drafts of newspaper articles; writings entitled Literary extracts and scientific studies reflecting interest in geology, natural philosophy, & metaphysics; writings called Original essays on man and things discussing a journey through the United States and critiques of the defense of slavery; writings documenting events pertaining to "Bleeding Kansas"; character sketches of prominent individuals such as Colonel James Montgomery; correspondence of William Stitt, some discussing John Hanway's service in the 3rd Regiment, Company A, of the Kansas Militia; and writings on slavery, Prohibition, territorial Kansas, John Brown, agriculture, mythology, & other topics. Correspondence deals with military matters, Brown, the Civil War, the Kansas Insane Asylum (Osawatomie), political affairs, and personal matters. Bound volumes contain memoranda books, 1856-1882; original poetry; records of the Mt. Gilead Congregational Church, 1859-1882; literary extracts & scientific studies; original essays; and a docket from James Hanway's tenure as mayor of New Custine, Ohio, 1851-1852. The collection includes an account of the Pottawatomie Creek Massacre dated May 24, 1856, naming the victims, and a letter dated July 18, 1859, discussing his experience at the Wyandotte Constitutional Convention. Much of the correspondence is from William Stitt.

Space Required/Quantity: Reference copies: 3 microfilm reels ; 35 mm. Originals: 2 ft. (6 boxes (1 oversize))

Title (Main title): James Hanway collection

Titles (Other):

  • James S. Hanway collection
  • John S. and James S. Hanway papers
  • Hanway papers
  • Papers
  • John S. Hanway papers
  • James S. and John S. Hanway papers
  • James S. and John S. Hanway collection

Biography

Biog. Sketch (Full):

James S. Hanway was born in 1809 in Ohio. Hanway had been an early member of the Republican Party, participating in the organization of that party in Ohio. In 1856, he migrated from Darke County, Ohio, to Kansas, locating on Pottawatomie Creek.

In Kansas, Hanway became an active participant in the political events as a free-stater during the territorial period and a Republican statesman after statehood. In 1859 Hanway served as a member of the Wyandotte Constitutional Convention. During 1860, he was a member of the territorial Legislature. In 1864 and 1869 he was sent to the State Legislature. Hanway also served as superintendent of schools in Franklin County, Kansas, as well as director of the State Insane Asylum in Osawatomie, Kansas. He was a member of the state agricultural and horticultural societies.

In later years, Hanway became a noted newspaper correspondent, and his contributions to the press were numerous. In this capacity, he was a noted expert on the activities of John Brown (due to his residence on the Pottawatomie Creek, he had been an acquaintance of Brown), as well as those of Colonel James Montgomery, and of the abolition movement in general. His writing has been described as clear and forcible.

Hanway died in 1882. He had a son, John S. Hanway. John served in the Kansas Militia, 3rd Regiment, Company A.

Scope and Content

Scope and content:
This collection contains correspondence; drafts of newspaper articles; writings entitled Literary extracts and scientific studies reflecting interest in geology, natural philosophy, & metaphysics; writings called Original essays on man and things discussing a journey through the United States and critiques of the defense of slavery; writings documenting events pertaining to "Bleeding Kansas"; character sketches of prominent individuals such as Colonel James Montgomery; correspondence of William Stitt, some discussing John Hanway's service in the 3rd Regiment, Company A, of the Kansas Militia; and writings on slavery, Prohibition, territorial Kansas, John Brown, agriculture, mythology, & other topics. Correspondence deals with military matters, Brown, the Civil War, the Kansas Insane Asylum (Osawatomie), political affairs, and personal matters. Bound volumes contain memoranda books, 1856-1882; original poetry; records of the Mt. Gilead Congregational Church, 1859-1882; literary extracts & scientific studies; original essays; and a docket from James Hanway's tenure as mayor of New Custine, Ohio, 1851-1852. The collection includes an account of the Pottawatomie Creek Massacre dated May 24, 1856, naming the victims, and a letter dated July 18, 1859, discussing his experience at the Wyandotte Constitutional Convention. Much of the correspondence is from William Stitt.

The majority of the materials consist of newspaper article rough drafts. Many of these writings are incomplete and in a disorganized condition. Most of the documents also show evidence of damage. Hanway tended to write on the back or any available scrap of paper. Many pieces of correspondence have been cut in half to accommodate this practice. As such, these type of materials appear intermittently and are largely incomplete.

Contents: Correspondence, 1846-1882 (folders 1.01-1.02) (roll 1, MS 823) -- drawings (folder 1.03) (roll 1, MS 823) -- historical writings (folder 1.04) (roll 1, MS 823) -- bound vol., 1823-[1867?] (folders 1.05-1.10) (rolls 1-2, MS 823-MS 824) -- misc. writings, [187-?] (box 2) (roll 2, MS 824) -- misc. articles & poems, 1868-1879 (boxes 3-4) (rolls 2-3, MS 824-MS 825).

Locators:

Locator Contents
006-14-04-09 to 006-14-05-02  1823-1882: correspondence, writings, articles, bound volumes 
074-02-02-01  1859-1873: correspondence; a letter on James Hanway's experience at the Wyandotte Constitutional Convention dated July 18, 1859; correspondence of William Stitt; John S. Hanway correspondence 

Microfilm:

  • MS 823: Correspondence, drawings, historical writings, bound vol. (92-94, 98, scrapbook) (folders 1.01-1.07) 1823-1882
  • MS 824: Bound vol. (95, 98, various ms. books), misc. writings, misc. articles (folder 1.08-boxes 3 & 4) 1850-1879
  • MS 825: Miscellaneous articles & poems (boxes 3-4) 1868-1879

Bibliography

Finding Aid Bibliography: The United States biographical dictionary : Kansas volume : containing accurately compiled biographical sketches, into which is woven the history of the state and its leading interests. -- Chicago : S. Lewis & Co., 1879. p. 77.

Index Terms

Subjects

    Kansas Territory. Constitutional Convention (1859)
    Kansas. Militia. Regiment, 3rd. Company A
    Congregational Church of Mount Gilead
    Kansas State Insane Asylum (Osawatomie, Kan.) -- Officials and employees
    Franklin County (Kan.)
    Greeley (Kan.)
    Kansas
    Kansas -- History -- 1854-1861
    Kansas -- Politics and government -- 19th century
    New Custine (Ohio)
    United States
    United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865
    Hanway, James, 1809-1882
    Hanway, James, 1809-1882 -- Correspondence
    Hanway, John S.
    Hanway, John S. -- Correspondence
    Montgomery, James, 1814-1871
    Stitt, William
    Legislators -- Kansas
    Agriculture
    American letters -- United States -- History -- 19th century
    Education -- Kansas -- Franklin County
    Mythology
    Pottawatomie Massacre, 1856
    Prohibition -- Kansas
    Slavery -- United States

Creators and Contributors


Additional Information for Researchers

Use and reproduction: Information on copyright available from the Kansas Historical Society (Topeka).

Add'l physical form: Microfilm. Topeka, Kan. : Kansas State Historical Society, 1993; rolls MS 823-MS 825, lab no. 36621-36623; available for research or inter-library loan.

Action note: This collection was prepared for microfilming by Edward C. Cade, 1993.

Notes

General Note: Blank pages were not microfilmed, even though they may have been numbered. Faint originals may have been filmed several times at different exposures.

General Note: Microfilm title.