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Atchison History Collection

Date: 1856 - c1896

Level of Description: Coll./Record Group

Material Type: Manuscripts

Call Number: Manuscripts Collection 559

Unit ID: 40559

Abstract: This is an assembled collection of original manuscript materials from and concerning the city of Atchison in Atchison County, Kansas. It includes a charter for Farmers Bank of Atchison and a handful of city government documents, receipts from various businesses that operated in Atchison, an article regarding banks in Atchison with editing marks, a volume of meeting minutes and other records from St. Paul's German Methodist Episcopal Church (the volume is written in German), an accounts journal for the Levee Warehouse of J. Garside & Co., and other such materials.

Space Required/Quantity: .25 cubic feet (1 box); 1 oversize volume

Title (Main title): Atchison History Collection

Administrative History

Administrative History: The area presently known as Atchison was once settled by Kansa Indians centuries ago. Lewis and Clark traveled through the area on their expedition in the early nineteenth century, and in 1854 when the Territory of Kansas opened for settlement, people from Platte City, Missouri crossed the river to stake out the town site, naming it for Missouri Senator David Rice Atchison. It was incorporated in 1855 as a town and then re-incorporated in 1858 as a city.

The city of Atchison was successful due its location on the Missouri River, serving as a transportation and commercial hub. The Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railroad Company started here as well. The boom years for Atchison occured from 1870 to 1900, when major industries were established, large wholesale firms were developed and the commercial life of Atchison reached its peak. Atchison was one of the first banking centers in the state. Industries grew, along with the railroads, dealing in grains and milling, lumber and manufacturing.

Atchison’s influence in the state extended to politics. John J. Ingalls, an Atchison lawyer who became a U.S. Senator, was instrumental in framing the state constitution. Atchison provided Topeka with three governors – George W. Glick, John A. Martin and Willis J. Bailey. Three Atchison lawyers also served as Chief Justice of the Kansas Supreme Court. Amelia Earhart also was born in Atchison.

[Atchison Chamber of Commerce, "History," http://www.atchisonkansas.net/02_history.htm (accessed 10 September 2010).]

Scope and Content

Locators:

Locator Contents
007-07-01-06   
017-02-07-02   

Index Terms

Subjects

    Atchison (Kan.)
    Atchison (Kan.) -- History
    Community banks -- Kansas -- Atchison
    German Americans -- Kansas -- Atchison
    Small businesses -- Kansas -- Atchison