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Creator: Wilson, Hiero T. (Hiero Tennant), 1806-1892

Date: 1844-1852

Level of Description: Series

Material Type:

Call Number: MICROFILM: MS 1295
1844-1845 (on-line in Kansas Memory)
1851-1852 (on-line in Kansas Memory)

Unit ID: 442701

Biographical sketch: Sutler; of Fort Scott (Indian Territory, present Kan.)

Abstract: Journals of sutler's accounts for the periods 1844-1845 and 1851-1852 at the Fort Scott (Kan.) general store. Entries contain the name of the individual, office, or firm; a description of the transaction; and the amount of the transaction. The journals record sales to soldiers, Osage Indians, settlers in western Missouri, and travelers. In 1844, Hiero T. Wilson partnered with John A. Bugg as the post sutlers. Bugg had been named sutler in 1843 but sold his ½ interest to Wilson in 1849. The store also made short term loans to soldiers to be repaid when they received pay. A number of the sales involve the sale of ale, wine, and liquor but fresh water was probably scarce at the fort. In addition to selling items to individuals, the store also sold goods to the military units stationed at the fort. The ledger entries provide a glimpse of the items that were available to soldiers stationed in the West.

Space Required/Quantity: [2] v. (on 1 microfilm reel)

Title (Main title): Daybooks

Titles (Other):

  • Hiero T. Wilson daybooks
  • Post sutler's day books, Fort Scott [Kansas Memory title]


Biog. Sketch (Full): Hiero Tennant Wilson was born near Russellville, Kentucky, on 2 September 1806. After finishing his schooling, he worked as a clerk in a store in the area. In 1834 he went to the Indian Territory to join his brother who was post sutler and Indian trader at Fort Gibson. Nine years later Hiero was appointed associate post sutler at Fort Scott. He married Elizabeth Clay Hogan on 28 September 1847 in Pettis County, Missouri. In 1849 he bought out the interest of the Fort Scott post sutler and assumed that position. He was very much liked by the military at the fort, the nearby Osage Indians, and settlers in western Missouri who came to the post to trade. When Fort Scott was closed in 1853 Wilson was instrumental in acquiring the surplus land and buildings and founding a town company in Fort Scott. He continued in the mercantile business, and in 1858 he was joined by partners Joseph Ray and S. B. Gordon. He sold his share of the business in 1866 to devote his time to real estate and insurance sales. He was a member of the Kansas Territorial Legislature, Bourbon County Commission, and Fort Scott City Council. He helped organize the Tebo & Neosho Railroad Co. (now part of the Union Pacific system) and the Missouri River, Fort Scott & Gulf Railroad (now part of the Burlington Northern system). He and his wife had three children. Hiero Wilson died in Fort Scott on 6 August 1892 at the age of 86.

Scope and Content

Scope and content:

These records consist of two volumes of Hiero T. Wilson's "Daybooks," actually journals of his accounts, for the periods March 1844--September 1845 and February 1851--April 1852; there are no volumes for the intervening period. A volume list appears in the Contents section of this finding aid. The volumes contain journal pages, although a few ledger-type entries appear at the beginning of some volumes. Each entry contains the name of the individual, office, or firm with whom business was transacted; a description of the transaction; and the amount of the transaction. There are also numbers with each entry along the left column of each page; their significance is unknown, although they may have been cross-references to page numbers in a ledger. The sutler was a civilian who contracted to supply a military post with goods ordinarily not available through the quartermaster or other military channels. Usually the sutler's store functioned as a "general store" for the troops who could purchase food and other supplies, such as tobacco, that were not furnished by the military. Patronage was not limited to military personnel, and because of the quantity of goods available the sutler often sold goods to travelers and nearby residents as well.

At Fort Scott the sutler occupied a one-and-one-half-story log structure located approximately 300 yards west of the dragoon stables, near the present intersection of Market Street and National Avenue in Fort Scott.

Contents: v. [1]. 1844-1845; http://www.kansasmemory.org/item/211137 -- v. [2]. 1851-1852; http://www.kansasmemory.org/item/211139


Locator Contents


  • MS 1295: Wilson, Hiero T. (Hiero Tennant), 1806-1892. Daybooks 1844-1852

Related Records or Collections

Finding Aids: "Notes on this microfilm copy" and vol. list at beginning of microfilm.

Index Terms


    United States. Army -- Supplies and stores
    Fort Scott (Kan.)
    Fort Scott National Historic Site (Fort Scott, Kan.)
    Fort Scott National Historic Site (Fort Scott, Kan.) -- Genealogy
    Kansas, Eastern
    Account books -- Kansas -- Fort Scott
    Osage Indians -- Kansas
    Sales -- Kansas -- Fort Scott
    Soldiers -- Kansas -- Fort Scott
    Travelers -- Kansas -- Fort Scott
    Business names -- Missouri
    Names, Personal -- Kansas
    Names, Personal -- Missouri

Creators and Contributors

Additional Information for Researchers

Use and reproduction:

Notice: This material may be protected by copyright law (Title 17, U.S. Code). The user is cautioned that the publication of the contents of this microfilm may be construed as constituting a violation of literary property rights. These rights derive from the principle of common law that the writer of an unpublished letter or other manuscript has the sole right to publish the contents thereof unless he or she affirmatively parts with that right; the right descends to his or her legal heirs regardless of ownership of the physical manuscript itself. It is the responsibility of an author or his or her publisher to secure permission of the owner of literary property rights in unpublished writing.

Copyright to these volumes is presumed to be owned by Hiero T. Wilson's heirs.

Ownership/Custodial Hist.:

Given by Hiero T. Wilson's daughter, Elizabeth Clay Wilson Goodlander, to the Daughters of the American Revolution, Molly Foster Berry Chapter (Fort Scott, Kan.)

Loaned for microfilming by the Daughters of the American Revolution, Molly Foster Berry Chapter (Fort Scott, Kan.) through the Fort Scott National Historic Site (Kan.), 1991; subsequently donated to the Kansas State Historical Society (Topeka).

Add'l physical form: Microfilm. Topeka, Kan. : Kansas State Historical Society, 1991.