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Carry Amelia Nation papers

Creator: Nation, Carry Amelia, 1846-1911

Date: 1870-1961 (bulk 1872-1909)

Level of Description: Coll./Record Group

Material Type: Manuscripts

Call Number: View online on Kansas Memory: http://www.kansasmemory.org/locate.php?categories=4805-4905&query=&restrict=all
Ms. Coll. 744

Unit ID: 40744

Restrictions: Originals in poor condition. Researchers are required to use digital images or photocopies; Kansas Historical Society (Topeka) restriction.

Biographical sketch: Prohibition, women’s-rights activist; of the central United States; Texas; Medicine Lodge, Kan.

Abstract: Diary and scrapbook; letters written, particularly to her niece Callie Moore; letters received from admirers, especially after her crusade in Great Britain, Dec. 1908–Mar. 1909; memorabilia; poems; and information about her activities in Kansas. Entries in her diary reveal her feelings and fears and express her faith. The letters are primarily to family members as well as public officials and supporters; they demand justice, tell of her travels, and discuss family members and concerns. Also included are letters received by Callie Moore from others and correspondence of other family members; also included is a book sent to Carrie Nation by Edward Braniff, 12 Feb. 1901, in which she made notes while she was in a Topeka, Kan., jail. Correspondents include the Blue Ribbon Gospel Temperance Mission, Harriet W. Brand of the Woman's Christian Temperance Union, Edward A. Braniff, A. M. Dickinson, Kansas Attorney General A. A. Godard, Albert Kohler of the French magazine La Vie heureuse, the Leicester and District Temperance Union, Nyle H. Miller of the Kansas State Historical Society, and Kansas Governor W. E. Stanley.

Summary: Series Descriptions

The collection (no. 744) is organized by series to reflect the unique sources of the collection’s materials. Series 2 and 3 contain subseries (organized by materials’ groups). Each series, or subordinate subseries, may contain multiple folders. Individual folders may contain multiple items.

Folders are numbered sequentially beginning at 1 as the first folder of each new series (regardless of the number of subseries present). Each folder is uniquely labeled with the collection number in parentheses, and an articulated number composed of the number of the manuscript box in which it is located, its associated series, and its sequential folder ID number within the series.

For example, the Carry Amelia Nation Papers collection consists of two boxes that contain three series. The 4th folder of series 2 (Papers originally in the Kansas Historical…) of this collection is in box 1, and is designated by (744) 1-2-4.

Ser. 1: Papers given by the Carry Nation Memorial Home, Medicine Lodge, Kansas in 1990, accession no. 1990MS102.
Contents: Diary (1872–1900) and scrapbook (1870–1900)

Ser. 2: Papers originally in the Kansas Historical Society’s Carry Nation miscellaneous collection. Received from many sources over a period of many years (as noted for individual items within this series).


  1. Letters sent [between 1900 Dec. 26 and 1901 Jan. 12]–1906.

  2. Letters, articles, and other items about Carry Amelia Nation, 1901 – 1961.

Ser. 3: Papers donated in 1999, accession no. 1999-283.01. These materials were included in conjunction with receipt of photographs, books, articles of clothing, and personal items belonging to Carry Nation that are now a part of the Kansas Historical Society library, photograph, and museum collections described elsewhere.

  1. Letters and poetry received, 1901–1909.

  2. Memorabilia, Dec. 1908–Mar. 1909.

  3. Callie Moore. Papers, 1905–1919.

  4. M. D. Moore. Letters received, 1906–1918.

  5. A. W. Little. Note, 1906 Nov. 1.

  6. B. E. Dickey. Letter [not after 1907 Feb. 25]

  7. Nation, Carry A. Pennsylvania Railroad Company ticket coupon book, 1908 May 27.

  8. [Unknown to Callie Moore], Postcard, leather, 1906 Nov. 16.

A full Folder List with more detail is available at http://www.kshs.org/p/carry-amelia-nation-papers-1870-1919/15801#folderlist

Space Required/Quantity:
Originals: 1 foot (3 boxes) + photographs. Digital edition: 3 items

Title (Main title): Carry Amelia Nation papers

Titles (Other):

  • Carry A. Nation papers
  • Carrie Nation collection
  • Carry Amelia Nation collection
  • Papers [Portion of title]
  • Vie heureuse

Language note: English; in part, in French.


Biog. Sketch (Full):

Carry Amelia Nation

Carry Amelia Moore was born in 1846 in Kentucky. Her father was a stockman and farmer of some means whom she adored. Her mother was handsome but delusional and mentally unstable. As a child, Carry suffered several bouts of serious illness and was sometimes an invalid. By her teens, however, she was in robust health and remained so throughout the rest of her life.

When Carry was nine, her family moved to Cass County, Missouri. At age 10 she had her first formal religious experience when she was baptized into the Disciples of Christ Church. In 1867 when Carry was 19 she met and married a physician named Charles Gloyd. She left him after six months because of his drunkenness and failure to provide for her. He died six months after the birth of their afflicted daughter. Carry now had the responsibility not only for her daughter but also for her husband's elderly mother. This shock, the resulting hardships and her continual brooding over a long period of time brought Cary to the belief that all the sorrows of the world were due to saloons, and she reached the conviction that God created her to destroy the institution of saloons. She fasted, put ashes on her head, and wrapped her body in a garment of sackcloth. Her costume for the remainder of her career after the sackcloth was a black alpac dress fastened by a row of dark pearl buttons extending up the side from hem to yoke; a bow of white ribbon at her throat, heavy square-toed shoes, black cotton stockings, a black poke bonnet with silk ribbbon tied under her chin and a heavy cape of navy blue or a linen duster.

Carry was also a bibliomanic; she opened her Bible and with eyes shut, jabbed a pin and read encouragement in the verse which was impaled. She finally felt she had received divine work to "Arise, take something in your hands and throw at those places and smash them." In order to support her family, Carry attended the Teacher's College at Warrensburg, Missouri and taught public school for four years from 1870 to 1874. She was released after the school board complained about the way that she taught pronunciation. She then married David Nation. David was a newspaperman, lawyer and sometimes Christian Church Minister. He was also 18 years older than Carry. They moved to Texas in 1876 after buying a cotton plantation. This was not a success and they were almost destitute. David then tried practicing law while she managed a hotel. In 1890 they moved to Medicine Lodge, Kansas, and David worked as a lawyer with some success. This enabled Carry to pursue her civic, religious, and temperance work. By 1899 Carry had closed the town's seven illegal liquor outlets.

In 1900 Carry went to Kiowa and smashed three saloons with rocks and brickbats. This was her first out of town foray. Carry boarded a train for Wichita, Kansas to inaugurate the "smashing" campaign which brought her international renown and drove Kansas to the verge of a civil war. She entered a saloon in Wichita with an iron rod beneath her cape and large stones wrapped in newspaper. She threw the stones at a picture of naked women and at a mirror. She used the rod to smash everything that she could reach. She was arrested and put in jail. Afterward, she went to Enterprise and then on to Topeka. Her actions focused attention on the growing tensions between the sexes regarding temperance. Carry remained in Topeka until 1905.

When Carry was arrested in Wichita and put in jail, Kansas wires hummed with the story. Carry was invited to other Kansas towns. She proceeded to use a hatchet and iron bar to destroy saloons from Holton to Ark City, and Kansas blazed with prohibitionary fervor, even the capital of Topeka. Carry shared the front page of newspapers with the assassination of President McKinley and the death of Queen Victoria. She regarded Topeka as a major objective in her campaign. She went on a lecture tour through Iowa followed by every state in the union, Canada and Britain. Children abandoned games of Cowboy and Indian and played saloon smasher. In between her travels and lecturing Carry served time in both Wichita and Topeka jails.

Publicity was her most important contribution to prohibition's cause, and it inspired other women to emulate Nation and get people thinking and talking about liquor traffic. It resulted in tightening law enforcement and was responsible for the passage of new regulatory statutes. It also focused attention on the corruption surrounding saloons. Wherever she went, she aroused excitement and commotion. She had instigated riots, been beaten by saloon keepers, scandalized politicians by trying to investigate the personal habits of the U. S. President, and been arrested 25 times. Her last public appearance was at Eureka Springs, Arkansas near the Missouri border. Finally, slowed by the infirmities of age, she retired to a farm in Arkansas.

Carry Nation had wit, warmth, joyfulness, intelligence and a powerful personality. She was far too candid with the world and shared too much of her inner spiritual life which brought charges of insanity. She was a symbol of the opposition to liquor traffic and protection of the home. In 1901 the Legislature passed the first significant temperance legislation since 1887.

Carry was buried in an unmarked grave at Belton, Missouri. The grave was discovered in 1923 and a granite shaft was erected by the Carry Nation Monument Association.


Compiled by Ty Phagan, volunteer:

1846 November 25: Carrie Amelia Moore was born in Garrard County, Kentucky, on a farm on “Dick’s creek,” now the Dix River.

ca. 1852: Carrie’s family moved to Boyle County, Kentucky, about two miles north of Danville.
Note: Some sources indicate that the family moved to Mercer County, but Herbert Asbury’s biography (Carry Nation, New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1929) confirms they moved to Boyle County, two miles north of Danville, a few miles south of the Mercer County line. Carry Nation’s autobiography (The Use and Need of the Life of Carry A. Nation, Revised ed., Topeka: F. M. Steves & Sons, 1909) does not indicate a county. The county line has not changed since 1850; cf. William Thorndale and William Dollarhide (Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790-1920, Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1987, 128).

1854: The family moved to Woodford County, Kentucky, between Midway and Versailles.

1854: Carrie attended school at the Baconian Institute, a girl’s boarding school affiliated with the Midway Christian Church, in Midway.

ca. 1857: Carrie and her family moved to High Grove Farm in Cass County, Missouri. Carrie caught a cold during travel that turned into a prolonged illness.

ca. 1859: Carrie was a student at Mrs. Tillery’s boarding school in nearby Independence, Missouri, but illness prevented her from attending much of the time.

1861: The Civil War began. Carrie traveled on a wagon train with her family to Grayson County, Texas. She regained her health after arrival.

1862: Carrie and her family returned to Cass County. Shortly after arriving in Cass County, Carrie went to live with her aunt in Kansas City due to the demands of the Union Army on residents of Cass and neighboring counties.

ca. 1863: Carrie attended a boarding school in Liberty, Missouri. As before, her schooling was intermittent because of illness.

1865: The Civil War ended. Carrie returned to Cass County.

1867 November 1: Carrie married Charles Gloyd, a doctor, and moved with him to Holden, Missouri. Charles began drinking heavily, and soon Carrie left him, returning to her family’s home.

1868 September 27: Charilen, Carrie’s daughter, was born.

1870: Charles died. Carrie felt guilty and went to live with his mother in Holden. She then attended Warrensburg State Normal School, now Central Missouri State University, and received a certificate to teach. She used this to teach at the Holden school for four years in primary education.

1874 December 30: Carrie married David Nation.

1876: Carrie and her new family moved to Texas, living along the San Bernard River in Brazoria County and farming 1700 acres of cotton. Shortly after this she moved to Columbia, Texas, in order to begin in the hotel business.

1881 February 3: They moved to Richmond, Texas, to operate a hotel there.

1890: Carrie and David left their family with her first mother-in-law in Richmond, Texas, and moved to Medicine Lodge, Kansas.

1896: Carrie and David moved to the “Cheyenne country” of Oklahoma Territory and staked a claim near Seiling.

1898 November: Callie Moore, a niece, moved in with them at the age of 13.

1899 October 17: They sold their claim and moved back to Medicine Lodge.

1900 February 28: Carrie noted in her diary that she was studying osteopathy and was the co-president of the Barber County [Kansas] Women’s Christian Temperance Union (W.C.T.U.).

1900 September 16: Carrie and the W.C.T.U. served warrants to George Southworth’s drugstore for selling beer and whiskey. She then proceeded to legally have all the sellers of alcohol closed down in Medicine Lodge. Shortly after, she went on her first real smashing in Kiowa, Kansas, using bricks to damage saloons. After being detained by the mayor she was released.

1900 December 27: Carrie smashed saloons in Wichita, Kansas, including the Hotel Carey, and was then detained in jail until 12 January 1901.

1901 January 21: Carrie first wielded a hatchet, for which she became well known. She then attacked James Burne’s and John Hareg’s saloons.

1901 January 26: Carrie Nation arrived in Topeka, Kansas. Shortly afterward, she decided to make the city her home.

1901 January 28: Carrie denounced Kansas Governor William Stanley for failing to enforce prohibition.

1901 February 8: Carrie lectured at the Academy of Music in Kansas City on prohibition.

1901 February 28: Carrie vowed to smash every saloon in Kansas City or die in the attempt.

1901 March 7: Carrie helped publish The Smasher’s Mail.

1901 November 27: Carrie and David were divorced.

1901 December 5: Due to lack of time to publish the paper, Carrie discontinued The Smasher’s Mail. Shortly after, her smashing career reached its peak at the Senate Saloon in Topeka.

1902: Carrie began to write her autobiography.

1902 January: Carrie lectured at the University of Missouri in Columbia.

1903: Carrie sold her home in Medicine Lodge and used the money to make a down payment on a home in Kansas City, Kansas, which was to be used for the wives of drunkards.

1903 August 13: Carrie’s name was officially changed to Carry.
Note: Several sources indicated that her father wrote Carry in the family Bible at her birth, but that Carrie had been used as her name since childhood.

1903 October 3: David Nation died.

1903 November 19: Carry went to the White House to speak with President Theodore Roosevelt but was denied an audience.

1904 September 16: Carry’s autobiography was first published.

1906: Carry moved to Oklahoma Territory to campaign for its admittance as a “dry” State. She began publishing another newspaper, The Hatchet, in Guthrie.

1907: Carry spent the year in Washington, D.C.

1908 December–1909 March: Carry went on a crusade to Ireland, Scotland, and England accompanied by Callie Moore.

1909: Carry settled in northern Arkansas, eventually buying a home — “Hatchet Hall” — in Eureka Springs. Callie Moore assisted as its caretaker.

1911 January 13: Carry collapsed while speaking in Eureka Springs. Her final public statement was “I have done what I could.” She returned to her physician in Kansas City for treatment.

1911 June 9: Carry died at Evergreen Hospital, Leavenworth, Kansas, after being ill for five months.

Biog. Sketch (Full):

Callie Bell (Moore) Blum

Carrie Bell (or Belle) Moore was born 24 May 1886, in Pomona, Kansas, the daughter of Campbell Moore, Carry Nation’s brother, and Maria Dillon Robinson Moore. She had four brothers and two sisters: John Burns; George William; Jacob (Jake) Robinson (“J. R.”); Joseph Milton; Mary Elizabeth, who died as a child shortly after Callie’s birth; and May, who died in infancy before Callie was born. It appears the family moved to Missouri before she was two years old. Although her given name was Carrie, she changed it to Callie while in grade school. During much of her teenage years, she lived with David and Carry Nation, but she was residing with her parents in Kansas City, Kansas, when she was eighteen years old in 1905. She attended William Woods College (now William Woods University) in Fulton, Missouri.

Carry Nation viewed her as a potential assistant and successor if she could be freed from family responsibilities. Aside from accompanying Carry to the British Isles in late 1908 and early 1909 and being present at some smaller engagements, however, Callie never pursued her aunt’s cause.

Toward the end of Carry’s life, Callie lived with her at Hatchet Hall in Eureka Springs, Arkansas, and served as an overseer handling maintenance and other responsibilities. After Carry’s death in 1911 and through the final probation of her will in 1914, Callie served as the executor of Carry’s estate and liaison between her family and the court system.

Upon her return to Kansas City, Callie began working as a bookkeeper, clerk, and later office manager in her brother George’s transfer-and-storage business in Kansas City, Kansas; she lived there with her mother and some of her brothers. She may have briefly moved out of the family home and worked in the millinery business around 1912, but returned to both her mother’s house and George’s company. She continued working for her brother until about 1933 when she quit to become a nurse.

She worked as a practical nurse at Bethany Hospital in Kansas City, and was hired by George W. Blum and other members of his family to take care of his wife, Emma. Following Emma’s death, the family released her, but later hired her again to nurse George. She and George Blum married in October 1940. She was a member of Central Christian church, the Y.W.C.A., and the Eastern Star. George Blum died in 1947. At the end of her life, Callie lived in a nursing home in Edwardsville, Kansas. She died 20 January 1977 in Kansas City and is buried in Pleasant Hill, Missouri.

Scope and Content

Scope and content:

This collection provides a significant amount of documentary material on Carry Amelia Nation, a notable figure in the field of women’s rights as well as prohibition. Information in this collection provides details of her life and may effect a change in the popular perception of her as a caricatured, hatchet-wielding fanatic.

As might be expected, the most personal comments are those she made in her Diary and Scrapbook, 1870 – 1900, series 1. Although difficult to read because of the volume’s poor condition, the lengthy entries she made in her journal expressed her innermost feelings: concern for her family, fear for her marriage to David Nation, and worry for her daughter’s health. Overriding all, though, was a simple trust in God who would bestow His approval on her life and actions, though not necessarily relieve her burdens. The book also contains information on the family’s economic life with lists of purchases and farm commodities sold, descriptions of their work to establish hotels in Texas, and several moves for health or economic reasons.

If the Diary and Scrapbook represented her inner soul, the letters she wrote represented her outward actions. The fragile, worried woman in the diary expressed herself as a powerhouse of energy on behalf of the causes she espoused. She had no hesitancy about ordering the governor of Kansas and local officials to release her from confinement. The letters in the collection that she wrote consistently expressed a theme of redemption, be it redemption from drink, from social evils, or even from fashionable clothing. She constantly admonished the recipients, either explicitly or implicitly, to look higher and to do more for Right.

Letters to Callie Moore (series 3, sub-series 3), form the bulk of those written by Carry Nation in the collection; they are primarily are concerned with family matters and her travels on behalf of prohibition. Several of the letters referred to the hard feelings between Carry and her brother Campbell, Callie’s father, but nevertheless expressed Carry’s concern for him. Though never a wealthy woman, Carry’s generosity showed throughout the letters, which included small gifts to children, offers to assist family in need, and instructions to further her work to provide Christmas presents to prisoners. Concern for the health of her daughter, Charlien, was a constant theme. As might be expected, the letters were written from a variety of places but mostly from Arkansas and other Southern States; in her correspondence, Carry commented on her travels on behalf of prohibition. In a 1906 letter (series 3, sub-series 4, folder 2-3-48), she urged her sister-in-law, “Dellie” (Maria Dillon) — Callie’s mother — to flee what may have been an abusive situation. Her affection for Callie, who at one time she thought would be her successor, was obvious. Several letters talked about Callie taking on the role of her helper and accompanying her on her crusades; Callie did go with her to the British Isles in 1908 and 1909. Carry’s home for the wives of alcoholics in Kansas City, Kansas, was mentioned a number of times; in one letter she bemoaned that the estate of her deceased sister wasn’t bequeathed to the Home. Her later letters increasingly talked of physical frailties, especially pain in her arms that made writing difficult.

In contrast to her contemporary image in popular culture, it is obvious from the letters, poems, and other items sent to her (series 3, subseries 1), that she was beloved by many during her lifetime. Much of the correspondence that Callie Moore preserved in her trunk was from supporters in England and Scotland, where the two of them visited in late 1908 and early 1909. At a time when Carry was regularly incarcerated for her actions, a young Kansas City Star reporter-turned-student named Edward Braniff became entranced with her and concerned for her safety, though he did not support her cause; his letters expressed that concern and his interest in her as a person.

Since much of this collection consists of materials preserved by Callie Moore, it is to be expected that letters written to her (series 3, subseries 3) account for most of the correspondence. While many of the letters she preserved were from Carry Nation, many other family members, friends, and acquaintances wrote her as well. A number of letters were from cousins visiting other family during summers and telling Callie about their experiences. There were several letters and invitations from friends she met while attending William Woods College, now William Woods University, which at the time was an all-women’s college in Fulton, Missouri.

There is relatively little third-party description of Carry Nation in the collection. The letters of Callie Moore and other family members do not offer any family commentary on her or her actions. The letters, articles and other items about Carry Amelia Nation, 1901–1961 (series 2, subseries 2) are a compilation of descriptions and vignettes of her collected by the Kansas Historical Society from newspaper accounts and reminiscences.

There are a few other letters of interest. Several letters are from Callie Moore’s brother, J. R. Moore, who was a sailor in World War I. His letters (series 3, subseries 3 and 4) provide a little information about his duties at sea and trips to France and Washington, D.C., while on leave.

The Kansas Historical Society Library has a large number of references to published materials written by and about Carry Nation. Consult the catalogs and other finding aids for additional information. Researchers may also want to consult bibliographies and footnotes in published biographies of Carry Nation for additional sources.

Contents: Item 1. Carry Amelia Nation diary and scrapbook, 1870-1900 (ser. 1) -- item 2. Letters, articles, and other items about Carrie Amelia Nation, 1900-1961 (ser. 2) -- item 3. Carry Amelia Nation papers, 1901-1919 (ser. 3), including a book titled Imitation of Christ sent to Carrie Nation by Edward Braniff, 12 Feb. 1901, in which she made notes while she was in a Topeka, Kan., jail.

Portions of Collection Separately Described:

Specific Contents Identified:

Headings or descriptors assigned to subsections of the material, for example labels on a particular box or group of boxes.

  • Photographs
  • Reference copies

Related Records or Collections

Associated materials:

Other photographs and books donated with this collection are in the Kansas Historical Society’s library and photograph collections. Articles of clothing and personal items belonging to Carry Nation donated at the same time are in the Kansas Historical Society’s Kansas Museum of History collection.

Wichita State University (Kansas), Ablah Library, Special Collections, has a separate Carry A. Nation Collection, [1901?]–1905, no. 80-3, 0.25 linear feet, consisting of two letters written to Brother James by Carry Nation, a telegram to M. B. Jones, a bail bond, and a photograph. A finding aid is available and on their website: http://specialcollections.wichita.edu/collections/ms/80-03/80-3-A.HTML

Finding Aids: Full finding aid online at http://www.kshs.org/p/carry-amelia-nation-papers-1870-1919/15801

Related materials:

The following Kansas Historical Society manuscript collections (MC) contain a significant quantity of material on prohibition and temperance. Many other collections also include information. Researchers may wish to consult the appropriate catalogs for additional sources. All of the microfilms listed below are available to Kansas libraries through interlibrary loan.

• Lewis Allen Alderson collection, MC 255; folder list available
• Nelson Case, “Speeches,” 1867 – 1920; microfilm MS 293
• Jess C. Denious collection, MC 25; finding aid available
• Edith Dillon miscellaneous collection
• Spencer Agassiz Gard miscellaneous collection
• Edwin C. Hadley miscellaneous collection
• George H. Hodges collection, MC 58; finding aid available
• Richard Joseph Hopkins collection, MC 60
• Kansas State Temperance Union history collection, MC 603
• Kansas Women’s Christian Temperance Union/Mary Evelyn Dobbs collection, MC 170; finding aid available
• Anna Margaret (Watson) Randolph collection, microfilm MS 1665; finding aid available
• Jacob C. Ruppenthal collection, MC 79; partial contents lists available
• John Pierce St. John collection, MC 494
• Richard Taylor collection, MC 770; partial folder list available
• Temperance history collection, MC 645
• Drusilla Wilson miscellaneous collection

The Kansas Historical Society Library has a large number of references to published materials written by and about Carry Nation. Consult the catalogs and other finding aids for additional information.

In the Cecil Howes manuscript collection, no. 393, are three other letters from Carry Nation: two undated and one dated 18 February 1903. In the F. M. Steves & Sons collection, no. 74, there is a 1902 letter from her to someone with the surname Falcrum and correspondence, 1912 – 1913, between the executor of her estate and F. M. Steves, proprietor of the Topeka, Kansas, printing company that published her autobiography.

Letters and petitions, 1901, to Governor William Stanley urging him to pardon Carrie Nation are in the records of the Office of the Governor, record group 252, Pardon and Parole Files, [ca. 1863–ca. 1969], subseries I, box 97, Carrie Nation file, in the State archives holdings of the Kansas Historical Society; cf. http://www.kshs.org/archives/309498

Carry Nation's newspaper, The Smashers Mail, is available online on Pittsburg State University's Axe Library website.


Finding Aid Bibliography:

Asbury, Herbert. Carry Nation. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1929. Kansas Historical Society call number K B N19as.

Bader, Robert Smith. “Mrs. Nation,” Kansas History: A Journal of the Central Plains 7, no. 4 (1984), 246–62. Available on reference shelves in the Research Room.

Beals, Carleton. Cyclone Carry: The Story of Carry Nation. Philadelphia, Chilton Co., Book Division, ©1962. KHS call number K B N19b.

Braniff, Edward A. (Edward Andrew). “How I Ran Out on Carry Nation,” Commonweal 47, no. 23 (19 Mar. 1948), 558–60. KHS call number GL 051 C72c v.47 no.23 p.558.

City directories, Kansas City, Kansas, and Kansas City, Missouri, 1900–1954. KHS.

Grace, Fran. Carry A. Nation: Retelling the Life. Bloomington, Ind.: Indiana University Press, © 2001. KHS call number K B N19g.

Grace, Fran. Electronic correspondence with Bob Knecht, Kansas Historical Society, 20 Sept.–5 Oct. 1999. Copies in accession file.

Index to the 1905 State Census of Kansas for the Cities of Kansas City, Argentine, and Rosedale[,] Kansas: Moore. Topeka: Kansas Historical Society, 1992. Kansas census microfilm 1905-KS-21.

Ireland, Lynda. Electronic correspondence with Bob Knecht, Kansas Historical Society, 30 Sept.–5 Oct. 1999. Copies in accession file.

Kansas. [State Board of Agriculture.] Decennial Census, Kansas, 1905: Wyandotte County. Topeka: Kansas Historical Society, 1960. KHS Kansas census microfilm 1905-K-177, -179.

The Kansas City Kansan, 21 January 1977. KHS newspaper microfilm K 508.

Kansas City, Kan. City Clerk’s Office. “Mortality Record,” vol. B. Genealogical Society of Utah microfilm 1605149, KHS microfilm AR 4505.

The Kansas City Kansas Globe, 22 Feb. 1907. KHS newspaper microfilm K 107.

The Kansas City Star, 21 Jan. 1977.

Nation, Carry Amelia. The Use and Need of the Life of Carry A. Nation, Revised ed., Topeka, Kansas: F. M. Steves & Sons, 1909. KHS call number K B N19 1909(last).

Taylor, Robert Lewis. Vessel of Wrath: The Life and Times of Carry Nation. New York, N.Y: New American Library, ©1966. KHS call number K B N19t.

Thorndale, William, and William Dollarhide, Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790–1920. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1987. Available on reference shelves in the Research Room.

U.S. Census Bureau. Census indexes: Kansas, 1880–1920. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Service, 1962. Microfilm.

U.S. Census Bureau. Population Schedules of the Eighth Census of the United States, 1860: Missouri: vol. 4, p. 835. Washington: National Archives, National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1967. National Archives microfilm M653, roll 612; KHS out-of-State census microfilm 1860 M-612.

U.S. Census Bureau. 13th Census, 1910: Kansas: Wyandotte County: Enumeration District 179. Washington, D.C.: [National Archives and Records Service, n.d.]. National Archives microfilm T624, roll 461; KHS Kansas census microfilm 1910-K-31.

Index Terms


    Kansas. Governor (1899-1903 : Stanley)
    Kansas. Office of the Attorney General
    Blue Ribbon Gospel Temperance Mission
    Kansas State Historical Society
    Leicester and District Temperance Union
    Woman's Christian Temperance Union
    Moore family
    Albums -- Southwestern States
    Scrapbooks -- Southwestern States
    Souvenirs (Keepsakes)
    Great Britain
    Kansas -- History -- 19th century
    Southwestern States
    United States
    Brand, Harriet W.
    Braniff, Edward Andrew
    Dickinson, A. M.
    Godard, Aretas Allen, 1855-1948
    Kohler, Albert
    Miller, Nyle H
    Moore, Callie Bell, 1886-1977
    Nation, Carry Amelia, 1846-1911
    Stanley, William Eugene, 1844-1910
    United States, Central
    American diaries -- United States, Central
    Prohibitionists -- Kansas
    Prohibitionists -- United States
    Social reformers -- United States
    Women social reformers -- United States
    American diaries -- Southwestern States
    Prohibition -- Kansas
    Prohibition -- United States
    Temperance -- Kansas
    Women's rights -- United States

Creators and Contributors

Additional Information for Researchers

Restrictions: Originals in poor condition. Researchers are required to use digital images or photocopies; Kansas Historical Society (Topeka) restriction.

Use and reproduction:

Notice: This material may be protected by copyright law (Title 17, U.S. Code). The user is cautioned that the publication of the contents of this collection may be construed as constituting a violation of literary property rights. These rights derive from the principle of common law, affirmed in the copyright law of 1976 as amended, that the writer of an unpublished letter or other manuscript has the sole right to publish the contents thereof unless he or she affirmatively parts with that right; the right descends to his or her legal heirs regardless of the ownership of the physical manuscript itself. It is the responsibility of a user or his or her publisher to secure the permission of the owner of literary property rights in unpublished writing.

The issue of copyright was not addressed when the items in series (2) were donated and loaned to the Kansas Historical Society; copyright to those papers is assumed to belong to the heirs of the creators or their assigns. Any copyright owned by the Carry National Memorial Home (Medicine Lodge, Kans.) or the donors of Series 3 was transferred to the Kansas Historical Society at the time of their respective donations of papers. See other parts of this finding aid for a description of documents included in each accession.

To preserve them, certain original materials may not be used without the permission of the curator of manuscripts. All of these items are on the Kansas Historical Society's Kansas Memory website at http://www.kansasmemory.org/locate.php?categories=4805-4905&query=&restrict=all

Ownership/Custodial Hist.:

Items obtained from several sources over time in the Kansas Historical Society’s Carry Nation miscellaneous collection were combined with the later accessions in 1990 and 1999 to form a unified collection. These materials form series 2 of the Carry Amelia Nation Papers collection.

In 1999, documents that had been discovered in a trunk (originally belonging to Callie Moore Blum) in Kansas City, Kansas, were donated by the granddaughter of Callie Moore Blum and the great-grand-niece of Carry Amelia Nation and her husband (accession no. 1999-283.01). These documents form series 3 of the collection.

Add'l physical form: Also available via Kansas Memory, Electronic resource. Topeka, Kan. : Kansas State Historical Society, c2007-16; http://www.kansasmemory.org/locate.php?categories=4805-4905&query=&restrict=all

Cite as: [identification of individual item, series and subseries], Carry Amelia Nation Papers, 1870 – 1961 (bulk 1872 – 1909), Ms. collection no. 744, Library and Archives Division, Kansas Historical Society.

Action note:
The original Carry Nation miscellaneous collection was probably processed in the late 1950s or early 1960s. The collection was reprocessed in 1999 by Robert L. Knecht to include the additional materials received in 1990 and 1999. The original item level finding aid, written 1999-2002 by Robert L. Knecht, was reformatted and edited by Kathleen Rogge, Barnes intern, in 2007 to reflect a folder level description and made both print and web accessible.

Accumulation/Freq. Of Use: No additions to this collection are expected.

Holder of originals: Kansas Historical Society (Topeka).


General Note: Conservation of this collection made possible through the generosity of Heugh-Edmonson Conservation Services, www.heugh-edmondson.com

General Note:

This finding aid describes materials held by the Kansas Historical Society. Materials may be used in the State Archives and Library during regular research hours. Support for telephone, mail, and online reference and research is limited.

In a continuing effort to improve the completeness and accuracy of finding aids, revisions are made as more or new information becomes available. Consequently finding aids in paper format, on microfilm, and on the society's web site may differ slightly.

General Note: Diary (1872-1900) and scrapbook: In poor condition.

General Note: Title supplied by cataloger.