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Receipt book

Creator: United States. Office of Indian Affairs. Potawatomi Agency

Date: 1868 Nov. 14

Level of Description: Coll./Record Group

Material Type: Manuscripts

Call Number: Ms. Coll. 5012

Unit ID: 45012

Restrictions: None.

Abstract: Records the disbursement of annuity funds to members of the Potawatomi Indian Tribe at the time of their elections to become American citizens. Each receipt includes the name of the recipient, written by a clerk, and the names of 3 witnesses: L. R. Palmer, Joseph Napoleon Bourassa, and J. A. Saville. Conducted by Thomas Murphy, superintendent of the Central Superintendency.

Space Required/Quantity: 1 partial microfilm reel ; 35 mm.

Title (Main title): Receipt book

Titles (Other):

  • Pottawatomie Agency
  • Potawatomi Indian Agency

Language note: Text is in English.

Administrative History

Administrative History:

The Potawatomi Agency was established in 1851 for the Potawatomi and Kansa Indians. A separate Kansas Agency for the Kansa was established in 1855. By 1871, only the Prairie Band of Potawatomi remained in Kansas, as the rest had moved to Indian Territory.

In 1874, the Kickapoo Agency was consolidated with the Potawatomi Agency. At that time, it was the only agency in Kansas and was often called the Kansas Agency. In 1876, the Chippewa and Munsee were assigned to the Potawatomi Agency. In 1882, the Potawatomi Agency and the Great Nemaha Agency were merged[1].

In 1903, the agency was divided into the Potawatomi Agency (for the Potawatomi) and the Kickapoo (for the Kickapoo, Sauk and Fox, and Iowa). They were again merged as the Kickapoo Agency, 1 July 1919. However, the name was changed to the Potawatomi Agency, 1 January 1921. On 1 April 1927, the Potawatomi was placed under the Haskell Institute, again became independent in January 1935[2].

In 1950, the agency was renamed the Potawatomi Area Field Office. And in 1964, the name was again changed to the Horton Agency, by which it is known today[3].

Agents and Appointment Dates

Luke Lea 1851, Francis W. Lea 1851, John W. Whitfield 1853, Richard C.S. Brown 1854, George W. Clarke 1854, Isaac Winston 1856, William E. Murphy 1857, William W. Ross 1861, Luther R. Palmer 1864, Joel H. Morris 1869, Mahlon H. Newlin 1873, and Henry C. Linn 1878 [4]


[1] Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974, pp. 29-30, 140-141.
[2] Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981, pp. 176-177.
[3] Guide to Archival Holdings, Central Plains Regional Archives of the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA), Kansas City, Record Group 75, Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs Available online.
[4] The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. By Edward E. Hill. Clearwater Publishing Co., New York, NY ©1974. FHL Book 970.1 H551o

[1] Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974. Reproduced on the FamilySearch website; https://familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/Potawatomi_Indian_Agency_%28Kansas%29


No Locators Identified


  • MF 7723: Receipt book 1868-1868

Index Terms


    United States
    United States. Office of Indian Affairs. Central Superintendency
    United States. Office of Indian Affairs. Potawatomi Agency -- Records and correspondence
    United States
    Murphy, Thomas
    Annuities -- Kansas
    Citizenship -- United States
    Potawatomi Indians -- Government relations
    Potawatomi Indians -- Kansas
    Potawatomi Indians -- Legal status, laws, etc.
    Receipts (Acknowledgments) -- Kansas

Creators and Contributors

Agency Classification:

    Federal Agencies. U.S. Department of the Interior. Bureau of Indian Affairs. Office of Indian Affairs.

Additional Information for Researchers

Restrictions: None.

Use and reproduction: Public record.

Reproduction: Microfilm. Topeka, Kan. : Kansas State Historical Society, 1998; roll MF 7723, available for research and inter-library loan to Kansas libraries.

Cite as: U.S., Office of Indian Affairs, Potawatomi Agency. Receipt Book, 14 Nov. 1868, Kansas Historical Society microfilm MF 7723.

Action note: Described by Robert A. McInnes, 1998.

Holder of originals: In private hands.

Holder of duplicates: Kansas Historical Society (Topeka).