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Records of the Kansas Department of Corrections

Creator: Kansas. Dept. of Corrections

Date: 1955 - [ongoing]

Level of Description: Coll./Record Group

Material Type: Government record

Call Number: Unavailable

Unit ID: 214231

Abstract: The records of the Kansas Department of Corrections (KDoC) mostly consist of inmate files from the various correctional facilities around the state. Also included in this record group's records are budget files, correspondence, legal case files, subject or warden's and director's working files, and other such records demonstrating the duties and responsibilities of this state agency. Because of the sensitive nature of records related to correctional work, many of these records fall under restrictions within Kansas statutes. Also because of the complicated nature of how these correctional facilities have been managed and regulated over the years--including as individual institutions and under other state agencies that no longer exist--broader searches may be necessary to find all records related to a particular topic.

Space Required/Quantity: Circa 2600 cubic feet.

Title (Main title): Records of the Kansas Department of Corrections

Administrative History

Administrative History: The present day Kansas Department of Corrections agency, which administers eight (8) facilities statewide, was formed from a series of governmental agencies, each with administrative responsibility for Kansas prisons and correctional facilities.

In 1859, the Kansas legislature passed an act that authorized the establishment of a state penitentiary to be located at Lansing, in Leavenworth County, Kansas. The new prison, known as the Kansas State Penitentiary, was completed in 1863 and administered by the Board of Directors of the Penitentiary from 1863-1911.

In 1901, the Board of Trustees of State Charities and Corrections had management of all charitable and correctional institutions in the state, with the exception of the Industrial Reformatory in Hutchinson. In 1905, the Board of Trustees of State Charities and Corrections was replaced by the Board of Control of State Charitable Institutions, which operated until it was abolished in 1917. In 1913, the State Legislature put the State Industrial School for Girls (established 1888 in Beloit) and the State Industrial School for Boys (established 1879 in Topeka) under control of the State Board of Corrections.
In 1911, the Board of Directors of the State Penitentiary and the Board of Managers of the Kansas Industrial Reformatory were consolidated as the Board of Penal Institutions. This agency was abolished in 1913 and its duties transferred to the newly-formed State Board of Corrections. The State Board of Corrections had control over the State Penitentiary, the State Industrial School for Boys, and the State Industrial School for Girls. The State Board of Corrections was abolished and replaced by the State Board of Administration (Correctional Institutions Section) in 1917.

The State Board of Administration (Correctional Institutions Section) supervised the State Penitentiary, State Industrial Farm for Women at Lansing, and the State Industrial Reformatory at Hutchinson from 1917 to 1953. In 1953, it was replaced by the Board of Penal Institutions, which in 1973 was replaced by the Department of Corrections. The penal institutions located in Lansing in 1990 came under the title of Lansing Correctional Facility and included the administration of the Osawatomie Correctional Facility (opened 1987).

The Department of Corrections currently administers its Central Office and these eight facilities:
1863: The Kansas State Penitentiary opened. It is now called the Lansing Correctional Facility.
1895: Kansas State Industrial Reformatory opened and started accepting inmates; almost a century later, it was renamed the Hutchinson Correctional Facility. At first governed by its own Board of Managers, it came under the same governance as the Kansas State Penitentiary in 1911 with the advent of the Board of Penal Institutions.
1917: The Kansas Industrial Farm for Women (KSIFW) at Lansing, affiliated with the Kansas State Penitentiary, was opened. This facility was later renamed as the Kansas Correctional Institute - Lansing for Women (KCILW). Even later it became co-correctional, and in 1983 it became simply the Kansas Correctional Institute - Lansing (KCIL). In 1988 minimum- and medium-security female inmates were transferred to the Topeka Correctional Facility, and in 1995 the maximum-security female inmates were transferred. The unit is now known as the Lansing Correctional Facility - East Unit.
1961: The Kansas State Reception and Diagnostic Center opened; in 1972 the Kansas Correctional Vocational Training Center opened; in 1990, these and other nearby facilities combined to create the Topeka Correctional Facility.
1987: The Norton, Stockton, and Ellsworth Correctional Facilities were established.
1989: The Winfield Correctional Facility was created as a new name for the Winfield Pre-Release Center (established 1984). In 1996, administration of the Wichita Work Release Facility (established 1976) was added to the Winfield Correctional Facility.
1990: The Lansing Correctional Facility was renamed in order to collectively administer all facilities located in the area, including the state penitentiary and the Osawatomie Correctional Facility.
1991: The El Dorado Correctional Facility opened. In 2001, the male offenders Reception and Diagnostic Unit moved from the Topeka Correctional Facility to the El Dorado Correctional Facility. The Topeka Correctional Facility currently houses all female inmates, including youths at the Kansas Juvenile Correctional Complex West.

[Kansas Department of Corrections, 'Facilities.' http://www.dc.state.ks.us/facilities (accessed September 25, 2008).]
[Wilder, Bessie. Governmental Agencies of the State of Kansas, 1861-1956. Lawrence: University of Kansas Publications, 1957.]

Locators:

No Locators Identified

Related Records or Collections

Related materials: Records of the Kansas State Penitentiary; Records of the Board of Charitable and Correctional Institutions; Records of the Kansas State Industrial Reformatory; Records of the Kansas State Industrial Farm for Women; Records of the (State) Board of Administration; Records of the State Reception and Diagnostic Center; Records of the Kansas Parole Board; Records of the Correctional Vocational Training Center; Records of the Ombudsman for Corrections; Records of the Juvenile Justice Authority; Records of the State Sentencing Commission.

Index Terms

Subjects

    El Dorado Correctional Facility
    Hutchinson Correctional Facility
    Kansas Correctional Institution at Lansing
    Kansas Correctional Vocational Training Center
    Kansas State Reception and Diagnostic Center
    Kansas. Dept. of Corrections
    Lansing Correctional Facility
    Topeka Correctional Facility
    Winfield Correctional Facility
    Correctional facilities -- Kansas
    Correctional institutions -- Kansas
    Corrections -- Kansas

Creators and Contributors


Agency Classification:

    Kansas State Agencies. Department of Corrections.