Jump to Navigation

United States, Office of Indian Affairs, Central Superintendency, collection

Creator: United States. Office of Indian Affairs. Central Superintendency

Date: 1807-1855 (bulk 1829-1832, 1839-1855).

Level of Description: Coll./Record Group

Material Type: Manuscripts

Call Number: MICROFILM: MS 94-MS 99, MF 3166 (Except for finding aids, all of the collection has been microfilmed and placed on Kansas Memory)
KANSAS MEMORY: http://www.kansasmemory.org/locate.php?categories=4905-5174&
MSS.: Coll. 741

Unit ID: 40741

Abstract: Records of William Clark & other superintendents, agents, and sub agents, 1807-1855, including correspondence, accounts, journals, and other records of the Missouri (1812-21), St. Louis (1821-51) and Central (1851-55) superintendencies under the leadership of Superintendents Clark, Joshua Pilcher, David D. Mitchell, Thomas H. Harvey, and Alfred Cumming. The collection also includes records of the Missouri Fur Company, 1812-1817, of which Clark served as a director. Also known as the William Clark papers.

Summary: Superintendency records include claims, 1807-1830; licenses & permits, 1813-1825; correspondence, 1813-1855; descriptions, 1815-1817; accounts, 1822-1853; journals, 1826-1835; field notes & plats of Indian lands, 1830-1836; treaties & agreements between the United States & various tribes, 1831-1838; correspondence registers, 1837-1839; and property returns, 1840-1853, of the Missouri, St. Louis, and Central superintendencies of Indian affairs. The records contain information on Indian relocation, treaties, the fur trade & fur companies, claims, Indian education, killings, roads, employees, meteorology, smallpox, steamboats, surveys, and trading posts.

Summary: Indian agencies represented in the superintendency records include the Osage, Sac & Fox, St. Peters, Upper Missouri River, and others. Indian nations include the Arapaho, Arikara, Delaware, Fox, Illinois, Iowa, Kansa, Kickapoo, Mandan, Menominee, Omaha, Osage, Otoe, Ottawa, Pawnee, Peoria, Piankashaw, Potawatomi, Sauk, Seneca, Shawnee, and Winnebago. Correspondents include Nicholas Boilvin, Henry C. Brish, P. L. Chouteau, William Clark, Alfred Cumming, Marmaduke S. Davenport, John Dougherty, Thomas Forsyth, Richard Graham, Thomas H. Harvey, John Francis Hamtramck, Augustin Kennerly, George H. Kennerly, James Latham, Alexander McNair, G. Maguire, Pierre Menard, D. D. Mitchell, Joshua Pilcher, Felix Saint Vrain, John F. A. Sanford, Benjamin O'Fallon, Lawrence Taliaferro, and Jefferson Van Horne.

Summary: Missouri Fur Company records consist of articles of association, Jan. 24, 1812; records of the Board of Directors, 1812-1814; accounts, 1812-1814; and ledgers, 1812-1813, 1817.

Space Required/Quantity: Originals: 34 v. + 1 oversize folder. Typescripts: 16 v. in 28 (6 v. in 13 are carbon copies) Microfilm: 7 microfilm reels ; 35 mm.

Title (Main title): United States, Office of Indian Affairs, Central Superintendency, collection

Titles (Other):

  • Clark papers
  • Records of the Central Superintendency of Indian Affairs
  • Collection
  • Diary
  • Missouri Fur Co. records
  • Missouri Fur Company records
  • Papers
  • Records
  • Records of the St. Louis Superintendency of Indian Affairs
  • Records of the United States Superintendency of Indian Affairs, St. Louis, Mo.
  • St. Louis Superintendency records
  • Clark papers ; St. Louis superintendency of Indian Affairs
  • U.S. Office of Indian Affairs, Central Superintendency, St. Louis, Missouri, and William Clark Papers Collection
  • U.S. Office of Indian Affairs, Central Superintendency, collection
  • United States, Office of Indian Affairs, Saint Louis Superintendency
  • United States Superintendency of Indian Affairs collection
  • U.S. Office of Indian Affairs, St. Louis Superintendency, collection
  • United States, Office of Indian Affairs, St. Louis Superintendency field records
  • United States, Office of Indian Affairs, St. Louis Superintendency, field records
  • William Clark papers
  • Records of the United States Superintendency of Indian Affairs, St. Louis
  • Saint Louis Superintendency of Indian Affairs
  • Saint Louis Superintendency records
  • St. Louis Superintendency of Indian Affairs
  • United States, Office of Indian Affairs, Central Superintendency, collection
  • United States, Office of Indian Affairs, St. Louis Superintendency, collection

Language note: Missouri Fur Company records: In part, in French.

Administrative History

Administrative History: The Central Superintendency was established in 1851 as the successor to the St. Louis Superintendency, also known as the District of St. Louis, established in 1822 as the successor to the Missouri Superintendency. Originally responsible for most of the Indians in what is now Kansas & Nebraska and in the upper regions of the Missouri, Platte, & Arkansas Rivers in the Dakotas, Wyoming, & Colorado. With the organization of new territories and the establishment of new superintendences, outlying areas were removed from the Central Superintendency, and it gradually became responsible for agencies located in the Indian Territory (present Kansas and Oklahoma). The headquarters of the Central Superintendency were at Saint Louis (1851-59) & Saint Joseph (1859-65), Mo., and Atchison (1865-69) & Lawrence (1869-78), Kan.

Administrative History: The Missouri Fur Company was established in 1812 in Saint Louis, Mo., as a reorganization of the St. Louis Missouri Fur Company. The company trapped fur in the northern Rocky Mountains. Reorganized in 1814, 1817, and 1819, it ceased doing business in 1825.

Scope and Content

Contents: Contents of holographic originals: V. 1-29 (microfilm rolls 1-6, MS 94-99). Records of the Superintendency: field notes and plats, treaties & agreements, miscellaneous letters & documents, letter books, correspondence & abstracts, day books, claims, property returns, current accounts, correspondence registers -- v. 30 (microfilm roll 6, MS 99). Missouri Fur Company records: articles of association, records of the Board of Directors, accounts -- v. 31-32 (microfilm roll 6, MS 99). Records of the Superintendency: William Clark's diary, documents & correspondence relating to claims of individuals of mixed heritage -- v. 33 (microfilm roll 6, MS 99). Missouri Fur Company: ledger -- v. G [34] (microfilm roll 7, MF 3166). Records of the Superintendency: from agents

Contents: Microfilm contents: Roll 1 (MS 94). v. 1-4 -- roll 2 (MS 95). v. 5-8 -- roll 3 (MS 96). v. 9-13 -- roll 4 (MS 97). v. 14-20 -- roll 5 (MS 98). v. 21-25 -- roll 6 (MS 99). v. 26-33 -- roll 7 (MF 3166). v. G [34] ; reference maps, 1827-1855

Portions of Collection Separately Described:


More separate components

Locators:

Locator Contents
042-11-05-05  Descriptive notes 
042-11-05-06 to 042-11-06-02  1813-1852: Typescript copies of vols. 2-4, 6-10 
078-05-01-01 to 078-05-05-01   
121-17-03-07  Copies of 1825 and 1833 Delaware and Osage treaties 
912-30-00-00  Great & Little Osage Treaty 
991-01-00-00 to 990-01-00-00  Maps 

Microfilm:

  • MF 3166: Roll 7
  • MS 94: Vol. 1-4
  • MS 95: Vol. 5-8
  • MS 96: Vol. 9-13
  • MS 97: Vol. 14-20
  • MS 98: Vol. 21-25
  • MS 99: Vol. 26-33

Related Records or Collections

Finding Aids: Unpublished microfilm roll list and other descriptive notes & finding aids available at the Kansas State Historical Society (Topeka).

Other Finding Aid/Index: Additional descriptive information available on-line at http://www.kshs.org/p/william-clark-papers/13891

Indexes: Superintendency correspondence volumes: Searchable, on-line database available. http://www.kshs.org/research/collections/documents/personalpapers/clarkpapers/index.htm

Related materials: Correspondence received by the Office of Indian Affairs in Washington, D.C., from the Central Superintendency is in: Records of the Central Superintendency of Indian affairs, 1813-1878. -- Washington : National Archives and Records Service, 1972 (National Archives microfilm M856, Kansas Historical Society microfilm rolls MF 6903-MF 7010). (OCoLC)13851041

Index Terms

Subjects

    United States. Indian Trade Dept
    United States. Northern Indian Dept
    United States. Office of Indian Affairs
    United States. Office of Indian Affairs. Central Superintendency -- Records and correspondence
    United States. Office of Indian Affairs. Missouri Superintendency -- Records and correspondence
    United States. Office of Indian Affairs. St. Louis Superintendency -- Records and correspondence
    American Fur Company
    Missouri Fur Company
    Articles of incorporation -- Missouri -- Saint Louis
    Business records -- Missouri -- Saint Louis
    Diaries
    Expense accounts -- Middle West
    Licenses -- Middle West
    Middle West
    Middle West -- Surveys
    Mississippi River Valley
    Missouri -- Archival resources
    Missouri River Valley
    Saint Louis (Mo.)
    United States -- Archival resources
    Boilvin, Nicholas
    Brish, Henry C.
    Chouteau, Paul Linguest, 1792-1851
    Clark, William, 1770-1838
    Clark, William, 1770-1838 -- Diaries
    Clark, William, 1770-1838 -- Papers.
    Cumming, Alfred, 1802-1873
    Davenport, Marmaduke S.
    Dougherty, John, 1791-1860
    Forsyth, Thomas, 1771-1833
    Graham, Richard
    Hamtramck, John Francis, 1798-1858
    Harvey, Thomas H.
    Kennerly, George H.
    Latham, James, 1768-1826
    Maguire, G.
    McNair, Alexander, 1775-1826
    Menard, Pierre, 1766-1844
    Mitchell, D. D. (David D.)
    O'Fallon, Benjamin, 1793-1842
    Pilcher, Joshua, 1790-1843
    Saint Vrain, Felix
    Sanford, John F. A., 1806 or 7-1857
    Taliaferro, Lawrence, 1794-1871
    Van Horne, Jefferson, 1802-1857
    Augustin
    Indian agents -- Middle West
    Indian agents -- Missouri -- Saint Louis
    Accounts -- Middle West
    American diaries -- Missouri -- Saint Louis
    American letters -- Middle West -- History -- 19th Century
    Arapaho Indians
    Arikara Indians
    Delaware Indians
    Fox Indians
    Fur trade -- Archival resources
    Government correspondence -- United States
    Illinois Indians
    Indians of North America -- Government relations -- 1789-1869
    Indians of North America -- Middle West
    Indians of North America -- Mississippi River Valley
    Indians of North America -- Missouri River Valley
    Indians, Treatment of -- Middle West
    Iowa Indians
    Kansa Indians
    Kickapoo Indians
    Mandan Indians
    Menominee Indians
    Meteorology -- Missouri -- Saint Louis -- Observations
    Murder -- Middle West
    Omaha Indians
    Osage Indians
    Oto Indians
    Ottawa Indians
    Pawnee Indians
    Peoria Indians
    Piankashaw Indians
    Property -- Middle West
    Roads -- Middle West
    Sauk Indians
    Seneca Indians -- Middle West
    Shawnee Indians
    Smallpox -- Middle West
    Steamboats -- Middle West
    Surveys
    Trading posts -- Middle West
    Wea Indians
    Winnebago Indians

Creators and Contributors


Agency Classification:

    Federal Agencies. U.S. Department of the Interior. Bureau of Indian Affairs.

Additional Information for Researchers

Use and reproduction: Information on literary rights available from the Kansas State Historical Society (Topeka).

Ownership/Custodial Hist.: Holographic originals, v. 1-33: Believed to have been sold by the Central Superintendency to a Lawrence, Kan., book dealer upon discontinuance of the office, ca. 1878.

Ownership/Custodial Hist.: Original v. G [34]: Believed to have been sold by the Central Superintendency to a Lawrence, Kan., book dealer upon discontinuance of the office, ca. 1878; purchased by an Alma College (Saint Thomas, Ont.) professor; and later given to the College archives.

Add'l physical form: Holographic originals: Reference microfilm copies. Topeka, Kan. : Kansas State Historical Society, 1957, 1999. MS 94-MS 99, MF 3166; lab no. 4779-4784, 50097; available for research or inter-library loan.

Add'l physical form: Vol. 2-4, 6-10: Also available as typescripts. Topeka, Kan. : Kansas State Historical Society, [ca. 1930-ca. 1942]. Available at the Kansas State Historical Society (Topeka); not microfilmed.

Add'l physical form: Also available via Kansas Memory, Electronic resource. Topeka, Kan. : Kansas State Historical Society, 2007. http://www.kansasmemory.org/locate.php?categories=4905-5174&

Cite as: United States, Office of Indian Affairs, Central Superintendency. Records, 1807-1855. Ms. Coll. 741. Kansas State Historical Society, Topeka. [with volume and/or microfilm roll number, if applicable]