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Page 1 of 2, showing 10 records out of 19 total, starting on record 1, ending on 10

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Title | Creator | Date Made Visible | None

William Alfred Peffer

Leonard, J. H.

William Alfred Peffer was the first Populist senator elected to U.S. Congress. He was born in Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, on September 10, 1831. As a young man he traveled across the country, living in California, Indiana, Missouri, and Illinois. After the outbreak of Civil War, Peffer enlisted in the 83rd Illinois Infantry, entering as a private and working his way up to the rank of second lieutenant. He read law while still in the military, and after his discharge in 1865 he was admitted to the bar and began practicing law in Clarksville, Tennessee. Five years later he moved to Fredonia, Kansas, where he established another practice and edited the Fredonia Journal. Peffer served as a state senator from 1874 to 1876, and during his tenure he relocated to Coffeyville, Kansas, where he assumed editorial control of the Coffeyville Journal. Then, in 1881, he launched the Populist publication Kansas Farmer, one of his best-known contributions to this agrarian reform movement. Peffer was instrumental in the creation of the People?s (Populist) Party, serving as a Populist U.S. Senator from 1891 to 1897 and running again (unsuccessfully) for re-election in 1896. Two years later, he ran an unsuccessful campaign for Governor of Kansas, losing the election to Republican William Stanley. Peffer died in 1912 in Grenola, Kansas, at the age of 81.

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Harry Hines Woodring

Photograph of Governor Harry Hines Woodring cooking on a wood stove on his farm near Lecompton, Douglas County.

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James Madison Harvey

Photograph of fifth governor of Kansas, James Madison Harvey. Originally from Fort Riley, Kansas, Harvey held office from 1869 to 1873.

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Edmund Gibson Ross

Portait of Edmund Gibson Ross, U.S. Senator from Kansas. Ross helped raise and then served in the Eleventh Kansas during the Civil War. After James H. Lane's death by suicide in 1866, Ross was appointed and subsequently elected to the Lane seat in the U.S. Senate. While serving as senator from Kansas in 1868, Ross won fame as the senator who cast the deciding vote for acquittal in the impeachment trial of President Johnson.

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Kansas National Guard soldiers on duty during the coal miners' strike

These National Guard soldiers are standing by a tent near the coal mines. On November 1, 1919, over 10,000 coal miners went on strike in southeast Kansas for a six-hour day, five-day work week, and a 60 percent wage raise. When the strike occurred the state had only a two week supply of coal. The state took charge of the mines, arbitrated futilely, and then called for 1,000 volunteers to replace the miners. During November and December 10,000 college and ex-service men responded. Governor Henry J. Allen and the Kansas National Guard, Fourth Regiment reported for duty as well. The strike ended on December 10, 1919, and the miners were ordered back to work.

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Kansas National Guardsman in the southeast Kansas coal fields

This photograph shows a Kansas National Guardsman in southeast Kansas during the coal strikes of 1919.

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Kansas National Guardsman at the southeast Kansas coal fields

This photograph shows a Kansas National Guardsman holding a rifle during the 1919 coal strikes in southeast Kansas.

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John Lewis Waller

Martin, H. T.

This sepia colored cabinet card shows John Lewis Waller, 1850-1907. Born into slavery, Waller overcame his humble beginnings to become an accomplished lawyer, journalist, politician and diplomat. He migrated to Kansas in the spring of 1878, after hearing of Pap Singleton's efforts to colonize Blacks in the state.

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Williard Davis

Mullen

This cabinet card shows Willard Davis, who served as Kansas' 10th Attorney General from January 8, 1877 to January 10, 1881. He was born January 26, 1837 in Madison County, Kentucky. He attended Missouri University, then studied law at Lexington, Kentucky, and was admitted to practice there. When the war began, he was commissioned into the Union army as a Lieutenant in the Thirty-First Kentucky Volunteer Infantry, but his military career was brief due to failing health. On March 14, 1863, Davis was appointed by President Abraham Lincoln as the Internal Revenue Collector for Kentucky. He held the position until September 1, 1866 when he was dismissed for failure to accept President Andrew Johnson's policies. Davis resumed his law career and advocated for civil rights for freed slaves. In the fall of 1870, Davis moved to Neosho Falls, Kansas and became the attorney for the Missouri, Kansas and Texas Railway Company. The following year he settled in Parsons, Kansas and was elected the town's first mayor. To focus on his political career, he resigned from the railroad in 1873. In 1874, he was elected county attorney for Labette County, Kansas. He held this office until he was elected in 1876 to serve as Attorney General for the State of Kansas. After two terms he returned to his private law practice. On December 6, 1885 at the age of forty-eight, he passed away after a lengthy illness at his home at Eleventh and Van Buren Street in Topeka, Kansas.

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Oscar Leopold Moore

Leonard, J. H.

This sepia colored photograph shows Oscar Leopold Moore, (1849-1929). Moore a native of West Virginia served with the Third West Virginia Cavalry Regiment of Company M. under the command of General George Custer. He was also one of the soldiers chosen to accompany General Ulysses S. Grant to Appomattox Court House for General Robert E. Lee's surrender. After the war Moore attended classes at Mt. Union College in Ohio before migrating ,in 1874, to Enterprise, Kansas. For a few years he taught school in the Enterprise community until he passed the bar, in 1878, and began a long and successful career as a lawyer in Dickinson County. Moore practiced law in Solomon City for a short period of time before moving, in 1882, to Abilene, Kansas. In the former cow town, he devoted his time and energy to upholding the law and defending citizen's rights. Moore's trust and integrity as a lawyer preceded him. In 1896, he was appointed Judge of the Eighth Judicial District of the State of Kansas. He served on the bench for nearly thirteen years before stepping down in January of 1909. After leaving the bench, Moore was appointed court reporter to the Kansas Supreme Court until failing health forced him to step down in 1929. On June 6, 1929 after a prolonged illness, Moore passed away at the age of eighty at his home in Abilene, Kansas.

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