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Title | Creator | Date Made Visible | None

Surveying party in Arkansas City, Kansas

This is a photograph showing the first surveying party sent to Indian Territory, later Oklahoma. The surveyors are the four civilians at the right. In the fall of 1868, the United States government sent Edgar Demming, Daniel Short, Robert Poole, and Charles Daris to survey the northern part of Indian Territory. Shortly after this photograph was taken in Arkansas City, the four men were killed and scalped. A rescue party found the bodies on the banks of a small creek 20 miles south of the Kansas border. The bodies are buried in a cemetery in Arkansas City, Kansas.

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Albert Dwight Searl

Storm, F. D.

This cabinet card shows Albert Dwight Searl, (1831-1902), a surveyor and Civil War solider. He arrived in Lawrence, Kansas, on September 15, 1854 with the second party of the New England Emigrant Aid Company. A surveyor by profession, Searl went to work laying out the entire city of Lawrence and the city of Topeka, Kansas. He also surveyed the Kansas towns of Manhattan, Burlington, El Dorado, and Osawatomie before the start of the Civil War. In 1861, Searl enlisted as a private in the Eighth Kansas Volunteers and within a short period of time he was promoted to second lieutenant and later a first lieutenant of Company D. During the final years of the war, Searl transferred to the 9th Kansas Calvary before he mustered out of service. After the war, Searl resumed his career by surveying towns along the Union Pacific Railroad and he became the chief engineer for the St. Louis, Lawrence & Denver Railroad and the St. Louis, Lawrence & Western Railroad. As construction on the railroad moved across Kansas and into the Colorado territory, Searl found himself moving from Lawrence in 1872 to Leadville, Colorado. In Colorado, he surveyed the Denver and Rio Grande Railroad and was engaged in a number of mining ventures. On October 20, 1902 Albert Dwight Searl died at his home in Leadville, Colorado, at the age of seventy-one. Burial was in Lawrence, Kansas.

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