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Title | Creator | Date Made Visible | None

Dorothea Dix correspondence

Dix, Dorothea Lynde, 1802-1887

Dorothea Dix's papers consist of correspondence from Miss Dix to various people, as well as some correspondence in which Miss Dix was concerned, but not directly involved. Dix was an advocate for social welfare, particularly supporting the establishment and maintenance of mental hospitals for the mentally ill, disabled, or poor. She was instrumental in the proposed legislation of the "Bill for the Benefit of the Indigent Insane." During the Civil War, Dix was appointed Superintendent of Army Nurses. Much of the correspondence concerns Dix's efforts to bring lifeboats and other help to Sable Island in Nova Scotia, an area known for shipwrecks and where many with mental illnesses were sent, sometimes against their will. These papers are part of the historic psychiatry material in the Menninger Archives.


Joan of Arc of the coal fields, near Pittsburg, Kansas

New York Times

This newspaper clipping, from the New York Times, features a fourteen year old girl dubbed "The Joan of Arc of the Coal Fields." The daughter of a coal striker in southeast Kansas, she carried the American flag at the head of 6,000 marchers. The group of protesters marched through the coal fields showing their support for better wages and improved working conditions for their family members who worked in the camps.


John Morgan Walden scrapbook

Walden, John Morgan, 1831-1914

J. M. Walden, a Methodist preacher, politician, and ardent Free-State man, was editor of the Quindaro Chindowan newspaper in Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory, from 1857-1858. His two volume scrapbook includes newspaper clippings and notes on national and local politics. It focuses on the Popular Sovereignty issue that defined the creation of Kansas Territory and its efforts to achieve statehood, including many articles on the slavery question generally, abolitionism, the threat of secession, John C. Fremont, and the writing of the Kansas constitution. Many of the articles are from the Quindaro Chindowan.


Robert John Walker, Proclamation : To the people of Kansas

Walker, Robert J. (Robert John), 1801-1869

Regards the examination of election returns, particularly Oxford Precinct, Johnson County.


Major problem in Kansas--negro teachers hit by desegregation

Murphy, Anna Mary

This article describes how the desegregation of schools in the wake of the Brown v. Board of Education case would affect black schoolteachers across Kansas. The author gives the example of Topeka where, when the school board began desegregating schools prior to the final decision in the Brown case, black teachers lost their jobs. Although the school board wanted to ?avoid any disruption of the professional life of career teachers,? many schools were hesitant to place black teachers in classrooms containing both white and black students. Members of the black community who had opposed the Brown v. Board case at the local level had feared that integration would apply only to students, not to teachers, and it appeared to some that this would in fact be the case.


William Allen White arrest clippings

Topeka Journal

This collection of newspaper clippings recounts William Allen White's defiance of the Kansas governor and Court of Industrial Relations with his public support for striking railroad workers which ultimately led to his arrest. White was editor and owner of the Emporia Gazette newspaper, Emporia, Kansas.


Puppetmaster political cartoon

Ottawa Journal and Triumph

This political cartoon from the Ottawa Journal and Triumph, published in Franklin County, presents the Populist perspective on big business and its ties to the government. In the cartoon, a puppet master (with a hat that reads "corporations") controls five marionettes, labeled with official positions such as "major," "judge," and "governor." The largest marionette, at the center, is President Grover Cleveland.


The coming issue

District Assembly Number 101

"The Coming Issue", volume 1 number 1, issued in Parsons, Kansas, by order of the District Assembly No. 101, arguing for eight hour work days for American workers.


Why we grow

The Farmer's Wife

This article, originally printed in William Peffer's Kansas Farmer, explains the reasons behind the growth of the Populist movement. Consequently the article focuses on corruption within the government, which has led to legislation that discriminates in favor of the wealthy and privileged and at the expense of the working man. The Farmer's Wife was created by Ira and Emma Pack, who published it from Topeka, Shawnee County, from 1891 until 1894. The newspaper served as a forum to discuss reform movements (including populism and suffrage), to present human interest stories, and to offer practical advice to Kansas women.


"The Farmer Feeds Them All," The Farmer's Wife

The Farmer's Wife

The Farmer's Wife, a Populist newspaper published in Topeka, Shawnee County, printed this poem that illustrates the importance of farmers' work. While farm prices were "fixed by members of the various 'Boards of Trade,'" whom the Populists believed to be corrupt, the valuable labor of farmers was under appreciated. The Farmer's Wife was edited by Emma Pack.

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