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Government and Politics -- Reform and Protest (Remove)
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Thematic Time Period -- Age of Reform, 1880 - 1917 (Remove)
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Page 1 of 1, showing 9 records out of 9 total, starting on record 1, ending on 9

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Title | Creator | Date Made Visible | None

Arthur Capper

An informal portrait of Kansas Governor Arthur Capper, 1865-1951, signing the "Bone Dry Law" passed by the Kansas Legislature. The law prohibited possession of liquor within the state and ended direct shipments of liquor to Kansas from out-of-state vendors. Capper, a native of Garnett, Kansas, served Kansas as Governor from 1915 to 1919, and as a U. S. Senator from 1919 to 1949.

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Annie (Le Porte) Diggs

Snyder

A portrait of Annie (Le Porte) Diggs, who was born in 1848 in Canada to an American mother and French father. Two years later the family moved to New Jersey, where she attended school. Diggs moved to Lawrence, Kansas, in 1873 and married Alvin S. Diggs shortly thereafter. While in Kansas, Diggs began to attend the local Unitarian Church and developed a strong sense of moral responsibility that prompted her to work for temperance and women?s suffrage. During 1882, Diggs and her husband published the newspaper Kansas Liberal, and beginning in 1890 she was the associate editor of the Alliance Advocate. As a radical reformer seeking to wipe out injustice, Diggs also allied herself with the Farmer?s Alliance, aiding in the creation of the People's (Populist) Party, serving on the Populist National Committee, and supporting the fusion of the Populist and Democratic parties in the 1898 election. Throughout this time she continued to work actively for women?s voting rights and served in the Kansas Equal Suffrage Association. In 1898, she was appointed the state librarian of Kansas, and she was also elected president of Kansas Press Women in 1905. Diggs moved to New York City in 1906, where she worked on two publications: The Story of Jerry Simpson (1908) and Bedrock (1912). She relocated to Detroit, Michigan, in 1912 and died there on September 7, 1916.

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Gasper Christopher Clemens

This black and white photograph shows Gasper Christopher Clemens. A Topeka attorney who represented clients from all walks of life whom were believed to be falsely accused or denied their personal rights. Clemens also gained the reputation as a lecturer who discussed the political issues of the day. When the Populist Party gained momentum in Kansas, Clemens became an active member and served in several positions. One of those positions was legal adviser to Populist Governor Lorenzo D. Lewelling, and the other as court reporter to the Kansas Supreme Court. His battle for justice and equality for the common man prompted Clemens to break away from the Populist Party, in 1897, and to organize within the state the Socialist Party. In 1900, Clemens became the Socialist candidate for Kansas Governor and received about 1,200 votes. With this encouragement, he became the 1902 Socialist candidate for attorney general but was unsuccessful in his bid. After his defeat, Clemens returned to his law practice to advocate and defend those in need.

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Mary Elizabeth Lease

Hardin & Ostergren

This is a portrait of Mary Elizabeth Lease, 1853-1933, a lawyer, orator, and supporter of the Populist Party.

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Gaspar Christopher Clemens

Downing, George

This black and white photograph shows Gasper Christopher Clemens. A Topeka attorney who represented clients from all walks of life. Clemens also gained the reputation as a lecturer who discussed the political issues of the day. When the Populist Party gained momentum in Kansas, Clemens became an active member and served in several positions. One was as legal adviser to Populist Governor Lorenzo D. Lewelling and the other as a court reporter to the Kansas Supreme Court. His battle for justice and equality for the common man, prompted Clemens to break away from the Populist Party, in 1897, and organize within the state the Socialist Party. In 1900, Clemens became the Socialist candidate for Kansas Governor and received about 1,200 votes. With this encouragement, he became the 1902 Socialist candidate for attorney general but was unsuccessful in his bid. After the defeat Clemens returned to his law practice to advocate and defend those in need.

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Lyman Underwood Humphrey

Leonard, J. H.

This cabinet card represents Lyman Underwood Humphrey,1844-1915. He served as state senator from Independence, Kansas from 1885 to 1887, and then as governor of Kansas from January 14, 1889 to January 9, 1893.

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John Whitnah Leedy house, Leroy, Kansas

This photograph represents the John Whitnah Leedy house in Leroy, Kansas. John W. Leedy was a Populist State Senator from 1893 to 1897, and Kansas Governor from 1897 to 1899. Standing at the left of the photograph is the eldest child of John W. and Sarah Leedy, Clara Romaine. To Clara's right in Margaret Amos, mother of John W. Beside her, is Sarah Leedy standing with her husband John W. and the Leedy's only son Boyd.

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William Alfred Peffer

Leonard, J. H.

William Alfred Peffer was the first Populist senator elected to U.S. Congress. He was born in Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, on September 10, 1831. As a young man he traveled across the country, living in California, Indiana, Missouri, and Illinois. After the outbreak of Civil War, Peffer enlisted in the 83rd Illinois Infantry, entering as a private and working his way up to the rank of second lieutenant. He read law while still in the military, and after his discharge in 1865 he was admitted to the bar and began practicing law in Clarksville, Tennessee. Five years later he moved to Fredonia, Kansas, where he established another practice and edited the Fredonia Journal. Peffer served as a state senator from 1874 to 1876, and during his tenure he relocated to Coffeyville, Kansas, where he assumed editorial control of the Coffeyville Journal. Then, in 1881, he launched the Populist publication Kansas Farmer, one of his best-known contributions to this agrarian reform movement. Peffer was instrumental in the creation of the People?s (Populist) Party, serving as a Populist U.S. Senator from 1891 to 1897 and running again (unsuccessfully) for re-election in 1896. Two years later, he ran an unsuccessful campaign for Governor of Kansas, losing the election to Republican William Stanley. Peffer died in 1912 in Grenola, Kansas, at the age of 81.

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Lorenzo Dow Lewelling

This photograph represents Lorenzo Dow Lewelling (1846-1900). Born and raised in the Quaker lifestyle in Iowa, Lewelling moved to Wichita, Kansas in 1887, after working a variety of jobs and serving in the Civil War with his second wife and child from his first marriage. As a founding member of the Farmers? Alliance, Lewelling ran as a Populist for the 1892 governor?s race. Notable events during his administration was the ?Populist War? in 1883, clash with activist Mary Elizabeth Lease over the fusion of the Populists and Democrats, and removing Lease from her position as President of the Kansas Board of Charities. Failing to be re-elected as governor, Lewelling was elected to the Kansas State Senate, a position he held until his death.

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