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Date -- 1880s (Remove)
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Page 1 of 8, showing 10 records out of 79 total, starting on record 1, ending on 10

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Title | Creator | Date Made Visible | None

Residences in Sheridan County, Kansas

These are two images of residences in Sheridan County, Kansas. The first photograph is of a sod house with a frame barn, stone fence, and a stone one-level house. Work horses are standing by the barn. The second photograph shows a group of people outside a wood frame two-story home with a lean-to. Visible are a barrel to catch rain water and a chicken coop.

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Homesteads in Sheridan County, Kansas

These are photographs of two unidentified farmsteads in Sheridan County. In the first photo, there is a frame barn with a fence. The house is built partly of sod. People are standing on the porch, one man is in the yard and two more men in front of the barn. Horse-drawn wagons are parked by the side of the sod house. In the second photo, a two-story house is shown with one story on the left and ridge extensions. Visible are an arched entry onto the porch and three chimneys. There is one windmill behind house and another by the barn. Pine trees are growing around the farmyard.

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Susanna Madora Salter

A formal portrait of Susanna Madora Salter, 1860-1961, and her husband, Lewis Salter in 1880, during the first year of their marriage. Born March 2, 1860, in Belmont County, Ohio, Susanna Madora Kinsey moved to a Kansas farm with her parents in 1872. Eight years later, while attending the Kansas State Agricultural College, she met and married Lewis Salter. The couple soon moved to Argonia where she cared for their young children and became an officer in the local Woman's Christian Temperance Union. Nominated on the Prohibition Party ticket by several Argonia men as a joke, Salter surprised the group and received two-thirds of the votes. She was elected in April 4, 1887, just weeks after Kansas women had gained the right to vote in city elections. The 27-year-old woman knew more about politics than her detractors realized. She was the daughter of the town's first mayor. Her father-in-law, Melville J. Salter, was a former Kansas lieutenant governor. Although she apparently performed her job well, Salter never sought another elected office. Within a few years, the Salters moved to Oklahoma where the nation's first woman mayor died in 1961 at the age of 101.

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Richard West to John P. St. John

Richard West, a resident of Barton Station, Alabama, wrote this letter to Kansas governor St. John requesting information about available land in Kansas. West was a farmer who described in some detail many of the concerns facing emigrants, including transportation and other expenses. In addition to his role as governor of Kansas, St. John also served on the Board of Directors of the Kansas Freedmen?s Relief Association.

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Dr. Brewster Higley

This is black and white photograph shows Dr. Brewster Highley, author of the song, "Home on the Range". It was officially recognized as the state song of Kansas on June 30, 1947.

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Elizabeth Comstock to John P. St. John

Comstock, Elizabeth

In this letter Elizabeth Comstock, a former agent of the Kansas Freedmen?s Relief Association, relates her experiences during her visit to the East coast in 1881. Comstock and some of her New York colleagues had the opportunity to speak with President James Garfield, giving him four main points to consider regarding the Exodus movement. According to her letter, Garfield was devoted to aiding black refugees. She also wrote of other matters, including how some blacks in southern Kansas were displeased about the dissolution of the Kansas Freedmen?s Relief Association; in contrast, Comstock believed the demise of this association had some positive repercussions.

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Testimony of A. A. Harris, in report and testimony of the select committee to investigate the causes of the removal of the Negroes from the southern states to the northern states, in three parts

United States. Congress. Senate. Select Committee on Negro Exodus

A. A. Harris, a white resident of Ft. Scott, Kansas, gave this brief testimony on March 29, 1880, before the Senate select committee investigating the causes of the Exodus. Harris described his contact with the black Exodusters in his area, including their difficulty finding employment. The committee also asked Harris to speak in some detail about the general treatment of African-Americans in Kansas, including any discrimination against them, particularly in the world of politics. This committee was composed of three Democratic senators and two Republican senators: Daniel W. Voorhees (Dem., Indiana), Zebulon B. Vance (Dem., North Carolina), George H. Pendleton (Dem., Ohio), William Windom (Rep., Minnesota), and Henry W. Blair (Rep., New Hampshire). Senators Blair and Vance asked the questions presented in this testimony.

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Wichita Indian grass house

Grass house of the Wichita Indians near Anadarko, Oklahoma, is cone shape with a thatch of long grass laid in tiers that overlap like shingles. The Wichita have been identified historically with Quivirans that the Coronado expedition encountered in south-central Kansas in 1541. The group moved south into what is now Oklahoma early in the eighteenth century where they are located today.

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G. R. Anderson to Board of Railway Commissioners

Anderson, G. R.

In this letter G. R. Anderson, owner of a general merchandise, coal, and hay store in Caldwell, Kansas, complains to the Board of Railroad Commissioners that the rate of transferring loads of coal on the Missouri Pacific Railroad at Ft. Scott is unreasonable. The flat rate of five dollars per car meant that, proportionally, moving a small load of coal was more expensive that moving a large load of coal. See the Board of Railroad Commissioners' response to this concern, a letter by H. M. Hoxie to E. J. Twiner, dated May 31, 1883.

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How to organize an Alliance

Topeka Commonwealth

This brief article from the Topeka Commonwealth outlines the basics of how to assemble a local branch of the Farmer's Alliance and the objectives of this reform organization. These objectives included obtaining fair prices for farm produce, enabling farmers to protect themselves against corrupt and unethical businessmen, eliminating government corruption, and opposing legislation that would aid big business at the expense of farmers. The Farmer's Alliance movement would eventually merge with the Knights of Labor to form the People's (Populist) Party.

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