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Title | Creator | Date Made Visible | None

Kansas Emergency Relief Committee, bulletin 307

Kansas Emergency Relief Committee

The Kansas Emergency Relief Committee was created in July 1932 to obtain and administer federal emergency loans made available to states through Herbert Hoover's Emergency Relief and Construction Act of 1932. President Franklin Roosevelt expanded on this act with the Federal Emergency Relief Administration (FERA) in 1933, leading the Kansas committee to change its name to the Kansas Emergency Relief Committee (KERC). Under the direction of Kansas's new governor, Alf Landon, the KERC managed direct and work relief programs in Kansas including emergency education, transient relief, rural rehabilitation, drought relief, and a slew of public works projects including the construction of farm ponds and lakes, and the renovation and construction of public buildings, roads, and quarries. This bulletin contains a report on county poor farms and examines their social and economic cost. In 1934, 77 out of the 105 Kansas counties had a county poor farm for the aged and ill. John Stutz was executive director of the KERC.


Dorothea Dix correspondence

Dix, Dorothea Lynde, 1802-1887

Dorothea Dix's papers consist of correspondence from Miss Dix to various people, as well as some correspondence in which Miss Dix was concerned, but not directly involved. Dix was an advocate for social welfare, particularly supporting the establishment and maintenance of mental hospitals for the mentally ill, disabled, or poor. She was instrumental in the proposed legislation of the "Bill for the Benefit of the Indigent Insane." During the Civil War, Dix was appointed Superintendent of Army Nurses. Much of the correspondence concerns Dix's efforts to bring lifeboats and other help to Sable Island in Nova Scotia, an area known for shipwrecks and where many with mental illnesses were sent, sometimes against their will. These papers are part of the historic psychiatry material in the Menninger Archives.


Grave marker for David Taylor

Desmuke, Christine E. (Christine Elaine)

This is a photograph of David Taylor's grave in Gypsum Hill Cemetery in Salina, Kansas. He was born in 1786 and died at age 117 in 1903.


Isabel Erickson, Menninger Clinic in Topeka, Kansas

Isabel Erickson attended the Menninger School of Psychiatric Nursing. She is shown in her nurse's uniform, cap and cape. The Menninger Clinic was created to care for individuals with mood, personality, anxiety and addictive disorders, as well as teaching mental health professionals and advancing mental healthcare through research.


Menninger Foundation convocation "Toward a Caring Society"

Dr. Roy Menninger, Bev Menninger and Representative Sam Irvin are shown at the Menninger Foundation Convocation "Toward a Caring Society", at the Waldorf-Astoria in New York City. This was part of the 50th Anniversary celebration of the Menninger Clinic.


Office of William C. Menninger, M.D.

This black and white photograph shows Dr. Will's office in the original Menninger Clinic, the converted farmhouse. Dr. Will, his brother Dr. Karl, and his father Dr. C. F. Menninger established the Menninger Clinic as a sanitarium in 1925 with the purchase of a farm house and admittance of 12 patients. Their philosophy was that mental illness could be treated with an integrated medical, psychodynamic, and developmental approach for the total health of patients


Public drinking cup display

A photograph showing a display about the public drinking cup and featuring "probably the oldest American drinking cup in continuous use".


Re-dedication of the Menninger Clinic in Topeka, Kansas

Irv Sheffel, Karl Menninger, M.D. and Roy Menninger, M.D. are shown at the re-dedication of the original Menninger Clinic building during the 50th anniversary celebration. In 1925, the Menninger Sanitarium Corporation purchased a farmhouse on the west edge of Topeka, Kansas. The farmhouse became the inpatient clinic and the surrounding 20 acres were developed with buildings and gardens to become the "East Campus" of the Menninger Foundation. In 1982, the "West Campus", a much larger area, was developed west of Topeka. In 2003, the Menninger Foundation was moved to Houston, Texas.


Menninger Clinic plaque in Topeka, Kansas

Governor Robert Bennett unveils a plaque at the rededication of the Menninger Clinic building during their fiftieth anniversary celebration. This photograph shows the National Register of Historic Places plaque placed on the original Menninger Clinic building, a farmhouse purchased in 1925 and remodeled to serve for inpatient treatment.


Dr. Charles F. Menninger and his interests

These black and white photographs showing Dr. C. F. Menninger's involvement in many activities in Topeka, Kansas. These interests were reflected in his work as a physician. Includes photographs of buildings in Topeka, Kansas State Board of Health, Reinisch Rose Garden, Christ Hospital. Dr. C.F. Menninger and his sons, Dr. Karl and Dr. Will, formed a group psychiatry practice in 1919. The Menninger Clinic as a sanitarium was established in 1925 with the purchase of a farm house and admittance of 12 patients. The philosophy was that mental illness could be treated with an integrated medical, psychodynamic, and developmental approach for the total health of patients. His interest in horticulture was reflected not only in his home and garden, but in the development of a horticulture therapy at the clinic. One photograph shows the north side of the 100 block of West Sixth, Topeka.

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