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James Madison Harvey

James Madison HarveyCorrespondence, Speeches, and Papers, 1834 -- 1922

Manuscript Collection no. 375




Civil War officer, governor & U.S. senator, land surveyor; of the Fort Riley vicinity, Riley County, Kan.

Although this collection is not James Madison Harvey’s official governor’s records, it does contain some documents from his tenure as Governor. However, the bulk of this collection falls before and after his term. It also contains Harvey family papers, and therefore extends after his death date. The majority of the collection consists of correspondence, speeches, land office papers and surveys, yearly messages to the Legislature, muster rolls 0f the 4th & 10th Kansas Infantry regiments, and recollections by several family members. Topics include Indians, railroads, and organizations.




0.8 ft. (2 boxes + 1 oversize folder)


Harvey, James Madison, 1833 - 1894.


James Madison Harvey correspondence, speeches, and papers

Portion of title:

Correspondence, speeches and papers



Other title: Papers of the Harvey family


Ms. collection no. 375

Shelf location: 007-07-06-05 thru 007-07-06-06 and oversize folder in map drawer M-9 P


Text is in English.


Kansas State Historical Society (Topeka)


This finding aid describes materials held by the Kansas State Historical Society. Materials may be used in the Research Room in the society’s Center for Historical Research during regular research hours. Support for telephone, mail, and online reference and research is limited.

In a continuing effort to improve the completeness and accuracy of finding aids, revisions are made as more or new information becomes available. Consequently finding aids in paper format and on the society’s web site may differ slightly.


James M. Harvey was born 21 September 1833 near Salt Sulphur Springs, Monroe County, Virginia (now West Virginia). He was elected as the fifth governor of the State of Kansas in 1868 and served two terms as a Republican from 1869 until 1873. At various times during his life, Harvey was a farmer from the Fort Riley vicinity, served in the Kansas Legislature (1865 - 1869) and the United States Senate (1874 - 1877), surveyed in several western States, and commanded the 4th and 10th Kansas Infantry regiments during the Civil War. He died at his farm in Riley County on 15 April 1894.

Scope and Content

The correspondence in this collection constitutes the bulk of the papers although there are many miscellaneous writings such as poetry, reports, wills, and reminiscences. Contained in the papers that relate to the Harvey governorship are some items that are copies of documents that may be filed with the State Archives but have been retained in this collection to keep it intact as received. Correspondence and papers covering the years 1834 - 1852 originate with various older family members. Governor Harvey’s own correspondence and papers span the years 1861 - 1892. The correspondence and papers following James Harvey’s death belong to his wife, Charlotte, and his daughter, Martha. Topics represented include Indians in Kansas, conflicts between Indian & non-Indian residents, and railroads; the papers also represent organizations with which Harvey was affiliated.

Harvey's official records as governor are in the state archives holdings of the Kansas State Historical Society. An inventory of his official records may be found here.

Contents List

 Organization of the Papers

Organized into six subseries by subject.

Subseries 1. Correspondence and papers, 1834 - 1922 - subseries 2. Land office papers, 1883 - 1892 - subseries 3. Messages to the Legislature, 1870 - 1872 - subseries 4. Undated papers and speeches - subseries 5. Printed legislative bills - subseries 6. Oversize materials.

Subseries 1

Box 1

Folder 1

Correspondence and papers: 1834 - 1852 (Harvey family)

Subseries 1

Box 1

Folder 2

Correspondence and papers: 1861 - 1865 (Civil War)

Subseries 1

Box 1

Folder 3

Correspondence and papers: 1869 - 1872 (governor’s records)

Subseries 1

Box 1

Folder 4

Correspondence and papers: 1873 - 1879

Subseries 1

Box 1

Folder 5

Correspondence and papers: 1880 - 1922

Subseries 2

Box 1

Folder 6

Land office papers, 1883 - 1892

Subseries 3

Box 1

Folder 7

Messages to the Legislature, 1870 - 1872 (mss.)

Subseries 4

Box 2

Folder 1

Undated papers and speeches (1)

Subseries 4

Box 2

Folder 2

Undated papers and speeches (2)

Subseries 5

Box 2

Folder 3

Printed legislative bills (U.S. Senate and House of Representatives)

Subseries 6

M-9 P


Oversize materials

Related Records or Collections

Letters, telegrams and other materials relating to James Harvey can be found in the following ms. collections:

Harrison Kelley collection (no. 408): note of congratulations, 4 May 1889

Woman Suffrage history collection (microfilm MS 1049, available through interlibrary loan): letter to Samuel N. Wood, Ft. Riley, Kans., 28 Apr. 1867

 Other Finding Aid

Copies of this finding aid are available in the Research Room of the Kansas State Historical Society and on its web site, http://www.kshs.org.


“Harvey, James Madison (1833 - 1894),” Biographical Directory of the United States Congress (Internet resource) (http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=H000307) viewed 12 Dec. 2005.

Index Terms


Harvey, James Madison, 1833-1894.

Corporate Names

Kansas. Governor (1869 - 1873 : Harvey)-Archives.

United States. Army. Kansas Infantry Regiment, 4th (1861-1862)

United States. Army. Kansas Infantry Regiment, 10th (1862-1865)

Family Names

Harvey family. (co-author and subject)

Geographic Names

Fort Riley (Kan.)

Kansas-History-Civil War, 1861-1865.

Kansas-Politics and Government-1865-1950.

Riley County (Kan.)

United States-History-Civil War, 1861-1865.


Indians of North America-Wars-1866-1895.

Indians of North America-Kansas.

Railroad companies-Kansas.

Railroad land grants-Kansas.




Legislators-United States.


Document Types

Correspondence. (Art and Architecture Thesaurus)

Public records-Kansas.

Speeches, addresses, etc., American.

Additional Information for Researchers

 Restrictions on Access


 Restrictions on Use

Notice: This material may be protected by copyright law (Title 17, U.S. Code). The Kansas State Historical Society does not own literary property rights to these records. The subject of copyright was not addressed when these papers were donated to the society, consequently we presume that copyrights to any documents not in the public domain are owned by the heirs of the creators or their assigns. Copyright to documents created by James Madison Harvey as governor are in the public domain.

 Preferred Citation

Harvey, James M. Correspondence, Speeches, and Papers, 1834 - 1922, ms. collection no. 375, Library and Archives Division, Kansas State Historical Society, Topeka.

 Acquisition Information

Gift: J. M. Harvey, Jr., and Martha Harvey, 1947.

 Processing Information

Processed by Ashley Dosien, Lela Barnes Intern, 2005. Administrative costs paid by the Kansas State Historical Society; staff costs paid by the Kansas State Historical Society, Inc.


No further donations of materials relating to James Madison Harvey are expected.