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Kansas Kaleidoscope - October/November 2003

Real People. Real Stories.

A fun magazine for kids!

Kansas Kaleidoscope, October/November 2003 The Story of Territorial Kansas

The year 2004 marks the sesquicentennial, or the 150th anniversary, of Kansas becoming a territory. This was the first step, and a big one, in Kansas becoming a state.

For Parents and Teachers:

As adults, many of us have people in our lives who remember when flying was new After 1854, many people headed to Kansas Territory in reaction to the national dispute over the extension of slavery. This issue explores the hardships of the territorial period, 1854-1861, the motivations behind settlement, and the impact of Kansas politics on the country.

“The Story of Territorial Kansas” addresses the Kansas curricular standard for fourth grade social studies that requires students to compare reasons that brought settlers to Kansas. In the eighth grade, students are tested over the individuals, groups, ideas, events, and development of the territorial period.

For more learning activities on this topic, please visit our new online resource: Teacher Supplements at www.kshs.org/teacher/. This teaching tool offers more ways to use this issue of Kaleidoscope with students by providing reproducible worksheets.

On the Cover

Children in territorial Kansas often worked along side their parents on the farm and in the home.

Visit History

The Kansas Museum of History in Topeka is creating a very special exhibit in honor of the Territorial Sesquicentennial. Willing to Die for Freedom: A Look Back at Kansas Territory opens on April 3, 2004 and will remain on display through October 3, 2004. This exhibit features the original Kansas-Nebraska Act, which will only be available through June 30, 2004.

The Kansas-Nebraska Act

On May 26, 1854, the United States Congress passed the Kansas-Nebraska Act. It created two new territories: Kansas and Nebraska. Before this time, the land belonged to the Indians.

What's Popular About Popular Sovereignty?

In 1854 the nation was already divided over slavery. The issue of popular sovereignty in Kansas, letting the people decide whether to become a free or slave state, caused even more tension.

Why was Kansas Bleeding?

Today Kansas is sometimes called "The Wheat State" or "The Sunflower State." But long ago it was called "Bleeding Kansas." Where did we get such a gruesome nickname?

Lawrence's Believe it or Not!

Lawrence was an important free-state town. Its newspapers often printed stories criticizing people who believed in slavery. One day the proslavery supporters got very angry and decided to do something about it.

I'll Vote For That!

Today, all men and women 18 years of age can vote in local, state, and national elections. People must vote within the area where they live, and records are kept on who voted in each election.

Conflict Over the Constitution

All states have constitutions. They contain rules and laws that govern the people of the state. Each state constitution must be accepted by the U.S. Congress and the president.

Profiles in Courage - Settling Kansas

People with strong beliefs on both sides of the slavery issue came to Kansas. Some believed so much in their cause that they were willing to even die for it.

Meet John Brown-A Man with a Cause

John Brown came to Kansas Territory to fight against slavery. He joined five of his sons who had already settled near Osawatomie.

The Many Faces of John Brown

Paintings show people's personalities as well as their likenesses. What do you think each artist was trying to say about the person who was John Brown?

Meet Elijah Porter-Busted in Kansas

Elijah Porter joined a group with the New England Emigrant Aid Company to come to Kansas. They wanted to settle Kansas as a free state.

Meet Axalla J. Hoole-Proslavery Promoter

Axalla J. Hoole and his wife came from South Carolina in 1856. They settled near Lecompton and supported slavery.

In This Issue:

  • Name Calling!
  • More Than a Math Problem!
  • Kaleidoscope Challenge: John Brown's Body
  • Meet Samuel Reader-Pioneering Painter
  • Meet Samuel & Florella Adair-Outspoken Abolitionists
  • Meet Ann Clarke- Passenger on the Underground Railroad
  • Meet Clarina Nichols-Writes for Rights
  • History Lab
  • Home, Sweet Home
  • Nifty-Fifty
  • Book Nook
  • Bee a Winner!


Teacher Supplement