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Kansas State Capitol - Online tour - Well Digging

Well Digging by Lumen Martin WinterSecond floor

Well Digging by Lumen Martin Winter, second floor rotunda, northwest corner

Hand dug wells were sources of water for early Kansas settlers and were a necessity for many farmers, especially in western Kansas. Wide enough to accommodate one or more persons, they were dug to below the water table. They could be dug even deeper if the water table lowered. Wells may have been lined with stones to reduce sediment from falling into the water. They were often covered at the top for safety and to prevent dirt and other contaminants from falling into the water source. A bucket on a pulley could be lowered, filled, and raised to access the water.