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Nature, A Pawnee Means of Survival

Guided tour—Pawnee Indian Museum, Republic

Excavated Pawnee Earth LodgeGrades—Third 

Where better to study the Pawnee Indians than at the authentic site where more than 2,000 members of the Kitkahaki band lived nearly 200 years ago? By visiting the site, seeing the remains of one of their earth lodges, and walking the nature trail students will learn about the Pawnee and their dependence on nature.  The experience allows the students to use their visual/spatial along with their bodily/kinesthetic intelligences. Each student will be given an opportunity to create their own “Ledger Art” to depict what they believe life was like when the Kitkahaki lived in this village.  They will also be given a postcard size reproduction of a painting illustrating the village with forty earth lodges, women returning from the fields along the Republican River and men returning from a successful horse raid.

Kitkahaki Nature TrailThe tour consists of three stations - the earth lodge itself, Kitkahaki nature trail, and ledger art activity at the lodge depressions.  For large groups it will be necessary to divide into three, with teachers conducting the guided nature tour and art activity portions. Complete instructions will be provided for each of the teacher guided activities. Teachers will also receive the Read Kansas! cards lesson P-17, Historic Places in Kansas. For further classroom study of American Indians, teachers may be interested in the educational resource trunk, Uses of the Buffalo.

Kansas Standards for History Government and Social Studies

Standard #2 Societies are shaped by beliefs, ideas, and diversity

  • 3.1: The student will recognize and evaluate significant beliefs, contributions, and ideas of the many diverse peoples and groups and their impact on individuals, communities, states, and nations.

Standard #5 Relationships among people, places, ideas, and environments are dynamic.

  • 5.1:The student will recognize and evaluate dynamic relationships that impact lives in communities, states, and nations.

Kansas College and Career Ready Standards

  • SL 1.3: The student will ask and answer questions about what a speaker says in order to gather additional information or clarify something that is not understood.

Nebraska Standards

Geography  SS 3.3.5: Students will identify the relationship between humans and the physical environment.

  • SS 3.3.5.a Explain how physical environments influence human activities (e.g., availability of water, climate and fertility of soil)

History SS 3.4.2: Students will describe the development of people, events, ideas, and symbols over time using multiple types of sources

  • SS 3.4.2.a  Describe the role of historical people, events, ideas, and symbols, including various cultures and ethnic groups (e.g., local cultural figures, landmarks, celebrations, and cultural events.)

Language Arts LA Speaking Skills 3.3: Students will learn and apply speaking and listening skills and strategies to communicate.

  • LA 3.3.1: Speaking Skills   3.3.1 c. Utilize available media to enhance communication (e.g., poster, overhead)LA 3.3.2: Listening Skills: Students will develop and apply active listening skills across a variety of situations.
  • LA 3.3.2. a. Demonstrate listening skills needed for multiple situations and modalities (e.g., electronic, one-to-one, small/large group, presentation) thoughts, ideas, and information being communicated

Download PDF with tour information - Nebraska Standards

Length of tour: 90 minutes

Cost per student is $6 (including general admission.) One adult enters free for every 10 students,. Additional adults pay the student rate.

Number of students in a group: This tour can handle up to 90 students.

Registration and scheduling: contact the site administrator at 785-361-2255; piv@kshs.org. Tours must be scheduled at least two weeks in advance.

Other guided tours available at Pawnee Indian Museum:

American Indian Homes in the Central Plains

When Smoke Curled Upward from Earth Lodges